Browse Definitions:
Definition

Backoff

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

Backoff is point-of-sale malware that uses memory scraping  to steal credit card data from Windows-based retail machines on which it is installed.

Backoff is used by criminals to gather valuable track2 data from credit cards. Track 2 data is information contained in the card's magnetic stripe and accessed by credit card checkers and point-of-sale (POS) magnetic stripe readers. The information in track 2 includes the primary account number and encrypted personal identification number (PIN). That data is lucrative for cybercriminals because it can be used used to create cloned credit cards.

The malware is installed via hacked remote desktop-type applications that are often used to configure POS systems. Attackers gain entrance to these accounts by brute force attacks. Once installed, Backoff is hard to detect. The malware uses RAM scraping to find track 2 data as it is introduced to the system, while it has not yet been encrypted. The data is then sent to remote computers to be sold on underground websites.

Backoff capabilities include:

  • Scraping memory for track 2 data.
  • Logging keystrokes.
  • Command & control (C&C) communication.
  • Injecting malicious stub into explorer.exe.

United States Secret Service estimated that Backoff had affected over 1000 businesses. A variant of Backoff was used in a massive Target breach in late 2013, which compromised the data of 70 million individuals.

This was last updated in January 2015

Continue Reading About Backoff

Join the conversation

1 comment

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.

http://www.burgerspot.cz/2013/10/pan-hamburger-v-restauraci-square-unhost/
Cancel

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

SearchSecurity

  • phishing

    Phishing is a form of fraud in which an attacker masquerades as a reputable entity or person in email or other communication ...

  • vulnerability disclosure

    Vulnerability disclosure is the practice of publishing information about a computer security problem, and a type of policy that ...

  • incident response

    Incident response is an organized approach to addressing and managing the aftermath of a security breach or cyberattack, also ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

SearchStorage

  • flash memory

    Flash memory, also known as flash storage, is a type of nonvolatile memory that erases data in units called blocks.

  • NAND flash memory

    NAND flash memory is a type of nonvolatile storage technology that does not require power to retain data.

  • NOR flash memory

    NOR flash memory is one of two types of nonvolatile storage technologies.

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

Close