Browse Definitions:

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) is a group of educational institutes in India set up by the government to produce high quality scientists, engineers and technologists. 

Designated as institutes of national importance, the IITs were set up to boost industrial development and manufacturing by creating an elite pool of engineering talent within the country.

Governed by the IIT Act of 1961, the IITs are autonomous institutes with their own boards of directors. IIT Kharagpur was the first institute to be set up in 1951, followed by IIT Bombay in 1958, IIT Madras and IIT Kanpur in 1959, IIT Delhi in 1961, IIT Guwahati in 1994 and IIT Roorkee in 2001. In 2011, the IIT Act was amended to add more institutes to the list.

As of the 2013 academic year, admissions to these institutes take place through a joint entrance examination (IIT-JEE), which will be conducted in two stages - 'IIT-JEE Main' and 'IIT-JEE Advanced' - with candidates getting filtered out at each stage.

Many IITs, in collaboration with external entities, have established incubation centers to encourage entrepreneurship within the country including:

  • 'Entrepreneurship Cell'  at IIT Kharagpur
  • 'C-TIDES' and 'TeNeT' at IIT Madras 
  • 'Society for Innovation and Entrepreneurship' at IIT Bombay 
  • 'SIDBI Innovation and Incubation Center' ay IIT Kanpur 
  • 'Entrepreneurial Development Cell' at IIT Guwahati, IIT Delhi and IIT Roorkee.


This was last updated in August 2012

Continue Reading About Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)

Join the conversation

1 comment

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.

sir can u plz explain me about iit jee ? what is the job ?
 what is the importance of these job and is it progressable or not ?


File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:


  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...


  • cloud ecosystem

    A cloud ecosystem is a complex system of interdependent components that all work together to enable cloud services.

  • cloud services

    Cloud services is an umbrella term that may refer to a variety of resources provided over the internet, or to professional ...

  • uncloud (de-cloud)

    The term uncloud describes the action or process of removing applications and data from a cloud computing platform.


  • federated identity management (FIM)

    Federated identity management (FIM) is an arrangement that can be made among multiple enterprises to let subscribers use the same...

  • cross-site scripting (XSS)

    Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of injection security attack in which an attacker injects data, such as a malicious script, ...

  • firewall

    In computing, a firewall is software or firmware that enforces a set of rules about what data packets will be allowed to enter or...




  • bad block

    A bad block is an area of storage media that is no longer reliable for storing and retrieving data because it has been physically...

  • all-flash array (AFA)

    An all-flash array (AFA), also known as a solid-state storage disk system, is an external storage array that uses only flash ...

  • volume manager

    A volume manager is software within an operating system (OS) that controls capacity allocation for storage arrays.


  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.