Browse Definitions:


Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

Intel is the world’s largest manufacturer of PC microprocessors and the holder of the x86 processor architecture patent.

A quick (and very incomplete) Intel PC processor history:

Intel 4004, released in 1971, was one of the first microprocessors ever produced. x86 is the series of Intel microprocessor families that began with the 80286 microprocessor. Often called simply the 286, 80286 was a 16-bit microprocessor chip introduced in 1982. The 80286 introduced a new generation of microprocessors with memory management. It also offered more than twice as much performance per clock cycle as the 8086 or 8088. It quickly became popular and could be found in many machines into the 1990s. In 1985, Intel introduced the successor to the 80286, the 80386 (386), a 32-bit processor. The Pentium, first offered in 1993, quickly replaced Intel's subsequent 486 as the microchip-of-choice for PCs. 

Itanium was Intel's first microprocessor based on the 64-bit architecture known as IA-64. The Intel Core series, which launched in 2006, includes Sandy Bridge, Ivy Bridge and Haswell processors. In 2013, Intel announced Quark, an embedded system-on-a-chip (SoC) processor design intended for smaller mobile devices like wearable computers.

The company has also produced embedded processors, SRAM, DRAM, flash, integrated circuits (IC), network interface controllers, and motherboard and graphics chipsets. Intel competes primarily with AMD, the world’s second-largest manufacturer of processors.

Gordon Moore, famous for Moores law, and Robert Noyce, co-inventor of the IC, founded Intel in 1968.  The company is headquartered in Santa Clara, California.

See a video about Intel:

This was last updated in October 2013

Continue Reading About Intel

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.


File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:


  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...


  • federated identity management (FIM)

    Federated identity management (FIM) is an arrangement that can be made among multiple enterprises to let subscribers use the same...

  • cross-site scripting (XSS)

    Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of injection security attack in which an attacker injects data, such as a malicious script, ...

  • firewall

    In computing, a firewall is software or firmware that enforces a set of rules about what data packets will be allowed to enter or...



  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...


  • all-flash array (AFA)

    An all-flash array (AFA), also known as a solid-state storage disk system, is an external storage array that uses only flash ...

  • volume manager

    A volume manager is software within an operating system (OS) that controls capacity allocation for storage arrays.

  • external storage device

    An external storage device, also referred to as auxiliary storage and secondary storage, is a device that contains all the ...


  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.