The National Population Register (NPR) is a database of the identities of all Indian residents.
The data for the creation of the NPR was collected during the General Census carried out between April and September 2010. The database is maintained by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. The Indian government is also creating a National Register of Indian Citizens, a subset of the National Population Register.
The goal for NPR is almost the same as for Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), which issues Aadhaar cards. It is to improve implementation of the economic policies of the government and its various programs, in so far as they affect different segments of the population. NPR and UIDAI work closely together to create a database of Indian residents.
Under the NPR Project, the following activities are undertaken:
- House listing by enumerator.
- Scanning of NPR schedules.
- Storing data in a digital format.
- Biometric enrollment and consolidation.
- Correction and validation of information collected.
- Deduplication by UIDAI and issuance of Aadhaar number.
- Consolidation of data at the Census Commissioner's office.