SEC Form 10-K is the United States Securities and Exchange Commission’s form for the annual performance filings of public companies. According to SEC regulations, all publicly-traded companies must submit a 10-K for each fiscal year, due within 75 days of the end of a company’s fiscal year. Because the dates of the fiscal year can vary from one organization to another, the due dates for 10-K filings also vary.
Like the 10-Q report, a 10-K filing includes:
- Financial statements.
- Management discussion and analysis (MD&A) of any material changes in revenues and expenses in the context of previous quarterly comparisons.
- The effects of any changes in accounting practices.
- Any legal proceedings ongoing or upcoming.
- Specifics of any proceedings involving civil rights or environmental legislation.
- Changes in securities.
- Information about any matters voted on by security holders.
- Other significant events not covered by the above.
However, a 10-K filing is much more detailed and requires more analysis of corporate and environmental events, as well as a more in-depth comparison to previous reporting periods and projections of future performance. Unlike a 10-Q filing, a 10-K filing must be audited.
Corporate 10-Q and 10-K filings are maintained in the SEC’s EDGAR database.