Browse Definitions:
Definition

Scratch

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

Scratch is a free object-oriented software development kit (SDK) that allows children age 8-16 to create animations, interactive stories, games and music without needing to know a specific programming language. Scratch, which consists of a script, paint and sound editor, is maintained by the Lifelong Kindergarten group at the MIT Media Lab and features an online community to encourage collaboration among young programmers.

Scratch has a zero-code interface, which means that users (who call themselves scratchers) don't have to write source code for the programs they create. Instead, they assemble component blocks that are actually units of code represented by different interconnecting shapes. Each block has a specific command and unique function and once the user has connected a series of blocks, he or she can click a green flag to run the script and see what the program does. This visual, building block approach to programming is similar to the way some other low-code/no-code (LCNC) development platforms work for the enterprise.

Scratch has proven to be a popular initiative with over 25,000,000 student projects created to date. The program, which is used in more than 150 different countries and is available in more than 40 languages, has replaced PowerPoint as the presentation software of choice in many schools. In addition to fostering coding literacy, the program is known for being a fun way to help students solve problems logically, work collaboratively and improve communication skills.

This was last updated in December 2017

Continue Reading About Scratch

Join the conversation

1 comment

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.

Hi Margaret: My biggest concern about all of these new techniques to make coders and junior IT explorers out of our youngsters is that this will only increase the amount of time spent doing "technology stuff" and further inhibit the ability or time to read books, learn about art, culture, courtesy and etiquette, and become wholesome human beings. Programs like Scratch, Logo and its derivatives are great with a huge dose of balance baked in.
Cancel

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

SearchSecurity

  • security information and event management (SIEM)

    Security information and event management (SIEM) is an approach to security management that seeks to provide a holistic view of ...

  • polymorphic virus

    A polymorphic virus is a harmful, destructive or intrusive type of malware that can change or 'morph,' making it difficult to ...

  • cyberterrorism

    According to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, cyberterrorism is any 'premeditated, politically motivated attack against ...

SearchHealthIT

  • accountable care organization (ACO)

    An accountable care organization (ACO) is an association of hospitals, healthcare providers and insurers in which all parties ...

  • patient engagement

    Patient engagement is an ideal healthcare situation in which people are well-informed about -- and motivated to be involved -- in...

  • personal health record (PHR)

    A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

SearchStorage

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

Close