What is affective computing? - Definition from WhatIs.com

Definition

affective computing

Part of the Computing fundamentals glossary:

Affective computing is human-computer interaction in which a device has the ability to detect and appropriately respond to its user's emotions and other stimuli. A computing device with this capacity could gather cues to user emotion from a variety of sources. Facial expressions, posture, gestures, speech, the force or rhythm of key strokes and the temperature changes of the hand on a mouse can all signify changes in the user's emotional state, and these can all be detected and interpreted by a computer. A built-in camera captures images of the user and algorithm s are used to process the data to yield meaningful information. Speech recognition and gesture recognition are among the other technologies being explored for affective computing applications.

Affective computing could offer benefits in an almost limitless range of applications. For example, in e-learning situations, the computer could detect from available cues when the user was having difficulty and offer expanded explanations or additional information. Other applications include e-therapy: psychological health services, such as counseling, delivered online. Internet-based therapy, although increasingly common, does not give a therapist as many cues to the client's emotional state as are available in a real-world session. Through affective computing, the client's posture, gestures, and facial expressions could be used, along with their words, for a more accurate evaluation of their psychological state.

Affective computing gets its name from the field of Psychology, in which "affect" is, basically, a synonym for "emotion."

This was last updated in September 2005
Posted by: Margaret Rouse

Related Terms

Definitions

  • cache memory

    - Cache memory, also called CPU memory, is random access memory (RAM) that a computer microprocessor can access more quickly than it can access regular RAM. (SearchStorage.com)

  • service-oriented architecture (SOA)

    - Service oriented architecture (SOA) is a technique that involves the interaction between loosely coupled services that function independently. (SearchSOA.com)

  • agentless

    - Agentless, in computing, refers to operations where no service, daemon or process (AKA an agent) needs to run in the background on the machine the action is being performed on. (WhatIs.com)

Glossaries

  • Computing fundamentals

    - Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

  • Internet applications

    - This WhatIs.com glossary contains terms related to Internet applications, including definitions about Software as a Service (SaaS) delivery models and words and phrases about web sites, e-commerce ...

Ask a Question. Find an Answer.Powered by ITKnowledgeExchange.com

Ask An IT Question

Get answers from your peers on your most technical challenges

Ask Question

Tech TalkComment

Share
Comments

    Results

    Contribute to the conversation

    All fields are required. Comments will appear at the bottom of the article.