Browse Definitions:
Definition

cognitive modeling

Cognitive modeling is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human problem solving and mental task processes in a computerized model. Such a model can be used to simulate or predict human behavior or performance on tasks similar to the ones modeled. Cognitive modeling is used in numerous artificial intelligence ( AI ) applications, such as expert system s, natural language programming, and neural network s, and in robotics and virtual reality applications. Cognitive models are also used to improve products in manufacturing segments such as human factors engineering, and computer game and user interface design. Research into cognitive modeling is currently being conducted by academic and industry groups, including MIT, IBM, and Sandia National Laboratories.

An advanced application of cognitive modeling is the creation of cognitive machine s, which are AI programs that can be said to think for themselves. One of the goals of Sandia's project is to make human-computer interaction more like the interaction between two humans. According to Sandia's cognitive psychologist, Chris Forsythe, "We had the massive computers that could compute the large amounts of data, but software that could realistically model how people think and make decisions was missing," Forsythe says the problem was that early models followed logical processes that humans don't always adhere to, and failed to take into account variables that affect human cognition, such as fatigue, emotion, stress, and distraction.

Some highly sophisticated programs model the intellectual processes of specific individuals; techniques such as discrepancy detection are used to improve these complex models. Discrepancy detection systems signal when there is a difference between the individual's actual state or behavior and the expected state or behavior as per the cognitive model; that information is then used to increase the complexity of the model.

According to Forsythe, the cognitive machines they've created have the capacity to infer user intent (which is not always consistent with behavior), store information from experiences similarly to human memory, and call upon expert systems for advice when they need it. Forsythe predicts that computers with embedded cognitive machines might be produced within the next ten years.

This was last updated in September 2005

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

SearchSecurity

  • Web application firewall (WAF)

    A Web application firewall (WAF) is a firewall that monitors, filters or blocks traffic to and from a Web application. WAFs are ...

  • MD5

    The MD5 hashing algorithm is a one-way cryptographic function that accepts a message of any length as input and returns as output...

  • identity theft

    Identity theft, also known as identity fraud, is a crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of personally identifiable ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

  • mass notification system (MNS)

    A mass notification system is a platform that sends one-way messages to inform employees and the public of an emergency.

  • disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS)

    One approach to a strong disaster recovery plan is DRaaS, where companies offload data replication and restoration ...

SearchStorage

  • secondary storage

    Secondary storage is used to protect inactive data written from a primary storage array to a nonvolatile tier of disk, flash or ...

  • VRAM (video ram)

    VRAM (video RAM) is a reference to any type of random access memory (RAM) used to store image data for a computer display.

  • ZFS

    ZFS is a local file system and logical volume manager created by Sun Microsystems to control the placement, storage and retrieval...

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • SSD RAID (solid-state drive RAID)

    SSD RAID (solid-state drive RAID) is a methodology commonly used to protect data by distributing redundant data blocks across ...

  • Tier 0

    Tier 0 (tier zero) is a level of data storage that is faster, and perhaps more expensive, than any other level in the storage ...

  • PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive)

    A PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive) is a high-speed expansion card that attaches a computer to its peripherals.

SearchCloudStorage

  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

  • Zadara VPSA and ZIOS

    Zadara Storage provides block, file or object storage with varying levels of compute and capacity through its ZIOS and VPSA ...

Close