Part of the Computing fundamentals glossary:

Decimal is a term that describes the base-10 number system, probably the most commonly used number system. The decimal number system consists of ten single- digit numbers: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. The number after 9 is 10. The number after 19 is 20 and so forth. Additional powers of 10 require the addition of another positional digit.

In computing, the binary , octal , or hexadecimal number system may be used instead of the decimal system. All these schemes have a number of digits that is a power of 2. This is an advantage in systems that use high and low digital states.

Decimal Binary Octal Hexadecimal
1 1 1 1
2 10 2 2
3 11 3 3
4 100 4 4
5 101 5 5
6 110 6 6
7 111 7 7
8 1000 10 8
9 1001 11 9
10 1010 12 A
11 1011 13 B
12 1100 14 C
13 1101 15 D
14 1110 16 E
15 1111 17 F
16 10000 20 10
17 10001 21 11
etc etc etc etc

This was last updated in September 2005
Posted by: Margaret Rouse

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