Browse Definitions:
Definition

geospatial analysis

This definition is part of our Essential Guide: Advanced data visualization guide: How visualizing data can boost BI
Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

Geospatial analysis is the gathering, display, and manipulation of imagery, GPS, satellite photography and historical data, described explicitly in terms of geographic coordinates or implicitly, in terms of a street address, postal code, or forest stand identifier as they are applied to geographic models.

Geospatial analysis originated in Canada for cataloging natural resources in the 1960s, using the first geographic information systems (GIS). Geographic information systems are used to predict, manage and learn about all kinds of phenomena affecting the earth, its systems and inhabitants.

The many applications of geospatial analysis include crisis management, climate change modeling, weather monitoring, sales analysis, human population forecasting and animal population management.

Geospatial analyst filter out relevant from irrelevant data and apply it to conceptualize and visualize the order hidden within the apparent disorder of geographically sorted data.  Doing so allows them to provide accurate trend analysis, modeling and predictions. However, analysts must remain vigilant to try to avoid spatial fallacies, biases or misunderstanding effects and causal relationships: Geospatial analysis is sometimes considered to encompass as much intuition as it does science.

This was last updated in January 2014

Continue Reading About geospatial analysis

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

SearchCompliance

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

SearchSecurity

  • intrusion detection system (IDS)

    An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a system that monitors network traffic for suspicious activity and issues alerts when such...

  • security information and event management (SIEM)

    Security information and event management (SIEM) is an approach to security management that seeks to provide a holistic view of ...

  • polymorphic virus

    A polymorphic virus is a harmful, destructive or intrusive type of malware that can change or 'morph,' making it difficult to ...

SearchHealthIT

  • accountable care organization (ACO)

    An accountable care organization (ACO) is an association of hospitals, healthcare providers and insurers in which all parties ...

  • patient engagement

    Patient engagement is an ideal healthcare situation in which people are well-informed about -- and motivated to be involved -- in...

  • personal health record (PHR)

    A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

SearchStorage

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

Close