What is isotropic radiator? - Definition from WhatIs.com

Definition

isotropic radiator

Part of the Electronics glossary:

An isotropic radiator is a transducer that produces useful electromagnetic field output in all directions with equal intensity, and at 100-percent efficiency, in three-dimensional space. If used for signal reception, the device is equally sensitive in all directions. In wireless communications and broadcasting, the isotropic radiator (also called an isotropic antenna ) is a theoretical ideal. It is sometimes referred to as a point source .

In wireless applications, an isotropic radiator can be approximated by constructing a single-turn square loop with a circumference of 1/2 wavelength , and then giving the loop a half-twist along an axis that lies in the plane of the loop.

The isotropic radiator is useful primarily as a standard laboratory reference source. The behavior and performance of more complex antennas is measured against it. A dipole antenna , for example, has signal output and sensitivity approximately 2.15 decibel s greater, in its favored directions, than the output and sensitivity of an isotropic antenna.

This was last updated in September 2005
Posted by: Margaret Rouse

Related Terms

Definitions

  • aluminum battery

    - Aluminum batteries run longer on a charge than lithium ion batteries and are safer in use. Stanford researchers have created an aluminum-graphite battery for mobile devices, the electric grid and f... (WhatIs.com)

  • optoisolator (optical coupler or optocoupler)

    - An optoisolator (also optical coupler or optocoupler) is a component that uses light to transfer electrical signals between circuits to keep them electrically isolated from each other, preventing s... (SearchNetworking.com)

  • ampere hour (Ah or amp hour)

    - An ampere hour (abbreviated Ah, or sometimes amp hour) is the amount of energy charge in a battery that will allow one ampere of current to flow for one hour. (WhatIs.com)

Glossaries

  • Electronics

    - Terms related to electronics, including definitions about electrical components and words and phrases about computers, laptops parts, digital cameras, televisions and home appliances.

  • Internet applications

    - This WhatIs.com glossary contains terms related to Internet applications, including definitions about Software as a Service (SaaS) delivery models and words and phrases about web sites, e-commerce ...

Ask a Question About isotropic radiatorPowered by ITKnowledgeExchange.com

Get answers from your peers on your most technical challenges

Tech TalkComment

Share
Comments

    Results

    Contribute to the conversation

    All fields are required. Comments will appear at the bottom of the article.