Browse Definitions:
Definition

robotic surgery (robot-assisted surgery)

Contributor(s): Ivy Wigmore

Robotic surgery is the use of computer technologies working in conjunction with robot systems to perform medical procedures. The technology is also known as computer-aided surgery and robot-assisted surgery.

Robotic surgery is most often used for minimally-invasive telemedicine procedures in which a physician guides the technology through a console. Typically, the surgeon is in the same room as the operating table but could potentially be across the world. The systems are also used for some open surgeries. Robotic surgery provides the surgeon with a better view, enhancing control, flexibility and precision. Benefits for the patient include lowered risk of infection, less blood loss, smaller incisions and faster recovery time.

The most commonly used technology for robot-assisted surgery is the da Vinci Surgical System, which was approved by the United States FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in 2000 and has been employed in thousands of procedures since. The da Vinci SI involves miniaturized surgical instruments mounted on three robotic arms and a fourth arm with a magnified 3D camera. A console provides a view of the site for the surgeon, who manipulates the instruments through finger-operated master controls. The surgeon can select the scale for movements: In a four-to-one scale, for example, the tip of the particular robotic arm will move one inch for every four inches that the surgeon's hand moves.

Watch a brief introduction to the da Vinci robotic surgery system:

This was last updated in December 2017

Continue Reading About robotic surgery (robot-assisted surgery)

Join the conversation

1 comment

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.

Would you feel more or less confident if robotic surgery were part of a procedure you were undergoing?
Cancel

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

SearchCompliance

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

SearchSecurity

  • security information and event management (SIEM)

    Security information and event management (SIEM) is an approach to security management that seeks to provide a holistic view of ...

  • polymorphic virus

    A polymorphic virus is a harmful, destructive or intrusive type of malware that can change or 'morph,' making it difficult to ...

  • cyberterrorism

    According to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, cyberterrorism is any 'premeditated, politically motivated attack against ...

SearchHealthIT

  • accountable care organization (ACO)

    An accountable care organization (ACO) is an association of hospitals, healthcare providers and insurers in which all parties ...

  • patient engagement

    Patient engagement is an ideal healthcare situation in which people are well-informed about -- and motivated to be involved -- in...

  • personal health record (PHR)

    A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

SearchStorage

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

Close