Browse Definitions:
File Extension

SHP File Format

Shapefile spatial data format (used by many GIS programs)

SHP is a file extension for a Shapefile shape format used in geographical information systems (GIS) software. SHP is short for "shape." 

A shape file contains geographical reference data as individual objects such as a street, a river, a landmark or a zip code area. Features exist as objects and their attributes within the SHP file. 

GIS is a computer-based technology composed of hardware, software and data that is used to capture, display and analyze spatial data information.

The SHP file format was developed by ESRI (Environmental Systems Research Institute) as a predominantly open specification to promote interoperability between its products and other GIS software products. SHP files open in many GIS programs. 

Other Shapefile file formats include the SHX file extension for spatial index files and the DBF attribute format. The SHX and DBF files must accompany SHP files to complement their information. 

Other file formats that use the SHP extension include the AutoCAD shape file for text fonts, 3D Studio's DOS shape files and a 3-D modeling format.

 

Learn more about SHP files:

Knowledge@Wharton explains the promise of GIS for a broader information revolution.

Elisabeth Horwitt discusses how ERP and GIS integration bring a spatial dimension to key business apps.

Wikipedia has an entry about Shapefiles.

For a detailed description of SHP files, see ESRI's technical document.

This was last updated in July 2010
Browse File Extensions Alphabetically:

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

SearchCompliance

SearchSecurity

  • black hat

    Black hat refers to a hacker who breaks into a computer system or network with malicious intent.

  • copyright

    Copyright is a legal term describing ownership of control of the rights to the use and distribution of certain works of creative ...

  • keylogger (keystroke logger or system monitor)

    A keylogger, sometimes called a keystroke logger or system monitor, is a type of surveillance technology used to monitor and ...

SearchHealthIT

  • population health management (PHM)

    Population health management (PHM) is a discipline within the healthcare industry that studies and facilitates care delivery ...

  • ICD-10-PCS

    The International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS) is a U.S. cataloging system for...

  • U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM)

    The U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) is the largest biomedical library in the world.

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

  • mass notification system (MNS)

    A mass notification system is a platform that sends one-way messages to inform employees and the public of an emergency.

SearchStorage

  • USB flash drive

    A USB flash drive -- also known as a stick, thumb or pen drive -- is a plug-and-play portable storage device that uses flash ...

  • open source storage

    Open source storage is data storage software developed in a public, collaborative manner that permits the free use, distribution ...

  • CompactFlash card (CF card)

    A CompactFlash card (CF card) is a memory card format developed by SanDisk in 1994 that uses flash memory technology to store ...

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • RRAM or ReRAM (resistive RAM)

    RRAM or ReRAM (resistive random access memory) is a form of nonvolatile storage that operates by changing the resistance of a ...

  • JEDEC

    JEDEC is a global industry group that develops open standards for microelectronics.

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to a computer industry specification written for internally mounted storage...

SearchCloudStorage

  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

  • Zadara VPSA and ZIOS

    Zadara Storage provides block, file or object storage with varying levels of compute and capacity through its ZIOS and VPSA ...

Close