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Computer Science

Definitions about computer science including computing fundamentals vocabulary, protocol and standards terminology, words about microprocessors and terms used in electronics.

Computing fundamentals

Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

  • Turing test

    In artificial intelligence (AI), a Turing Test is a method of inquiry for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being. The test is named after Alan Turing, an English mathematician who pioneered machine learning during the 1940s and 1950s.

  • identity management (ID management)

    Identity management (ID management) is the organizational process for identifying, authenticating and authorizing individuals or groups of people to have access to applications, systems or networks by associating user rights and restrictions with established identities.

  • contact center

    A contact center -- also referred to as a customer interaction center or e-contact center -- is a central point from which all customer contacts are managed.

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Electronics

Terms related to electronics, including definitions about electrical components and words and phrases about computers, laptops parts, digital cameras, televisions and home appliances.

  • onboard intelligence

    Onboard intelligence is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) that is housed locally in the device it operates.

  • Universal Powerline Bus (UPB)

    Universal Powerline Bus (UPB) is a communication methodology for home automation device control, allowing devices to communicate with pulse-position modulation through power lines.

  • X10 protocol

    The X10 protocol is a communication methodology for home automation device control.

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Fast references

Fast References and Quick Look-Ups for specific information technology (IT) topics.

  • motor vehicle record (MVR)

    A motor vehicle record (MVR) is the documentation of a person’s driving history. The information in an MVR includes personally identifiable information (PII) as well as information about the driver's traffic citations, vehicular crimes, accidents, driving under the influence (DUI) convictions and the number of points on the individual’s driver’s license.

  • United States Department of Energy (DOE)

    United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a federal cabinet agency that is tasked with overseeing the energy economy, energy policies and energy security of the U.S. The agency creates policies for nuclear power, fossil fuel and alternative energy sources.

  • PCI DSS Requirements Fast Guide

    A chart that lists the 6 control objectives and 12 requirements that make up the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (PCI DSS).

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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

  • G-code

    G-code (also known as RS-274) is the name of the most prevalent programming language for computer numerical control (CNC) in computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM).

  • ONC (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology)

    The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, abbreviated ONC, is an entity within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

  • Server Message Block Protocol (SMB protocol)

    The Server Message Block Protocol (SMB protocol) is a client-server communication protocol used for sharing access to files, printers, serial ports and other resources on a network.

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Learning guides

Guides and tutorials related to specific subjects including security, storage, programming, IT governance, data transmission, lifecycle management and technology used in vertical industries.

  • Flat-panel TV Guide

    Benefits of flat-panel TVs | Flat-panel features to considerA quick comparison of LCD, LED, OLED and plasma TVsFlat-panel TV technologies: LCD | LED | Plasma | OLEDMore informationA flat-panel TV is a television set that uses one of several different technologies for display in a flat, thin format.

  • Information Kit: Grid Computing

    Grid computing (or the use of a computational grid) is applying the resources of many computers in a network to a single problem at the same time

  • Learn IT: How Spam Affects Email Marketing Campaigns

    1. What's the difference between spam and legitimate email marketing? Spam is unsolicited bulk email (UBE).

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Mathematics

Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business.

  • knowledge engineering

    Knowledge engineering is a field of artificial intelligence (AI) that tries to emulate the judgment and behavior of a human expert in a given field.

  • operation

    An operation, in mathematics and computer science, is an action that is carried out to accomplish a given task.

  • Ethereum

    Ethereum is an open source, distributed software platform and cryptocurrency built off of blockchain technology.

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Microprocessors

Terms related to microprocessors, including definitions about silicon chips and words and phrases about computer processors.

  • neural net processor

    A neural net processor is a CPU that takes the modeled workings of how a human brain operates onto a single chip. Neural net processors reduce the requirements for brain-like computer processing from whole networks of computers that excel in complex applications such as AI, machine learning or computer vision down to one multi-cored chip.

  • quad-core processor

    A quad-core processor is a chip with four independent units called cores that read and execute central processing unit (CPU) instructions such as add, move data, and branch.

  • Ryzen (AMD Ryzen)

    Ryzen (pronounced RYE zen) is an AMD CPU aimed at the server, desktop, workstation, media center PC and all-in-one markets.

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Nanotechnology

Terms related to nanotechnology, including manufacturing definitions and words and phrases about building machines at a molecular level.

  • digital pill

    A digital pill is a capsule with embedded sensors that send healthcare-related data to external parties.

  • smart machines

    A smart machine is a device embedded with machine-to-machine (M2M) and/or cognitive computing technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning or deep learning, all of which it uses to reason, problem-solve, make decisions and even, ultimately, take action.

  • superposition

    Superposition is the ability of a quantum system to be in multiple states at the same time until it is measured.

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Podcasts

Podcasts about information technology (IT) topics; includes definitions about producing podcasts.

  • stream recorder (stream ripper)

    What is stream recorder?A stream recorder (sometimes called a stream ripper) is a program used to save streaming media to a file so that it can be accessed locally.

  • destreaming

    Destreaming, in a multimedia context, is the practice of saving streamed data as a file.

  • Videocast: What is the difference between UC and UM?

    In the SearchVoIP.com videocast, Whatis.com's Alex Howard discusses the differences between unified messaging and unified communications, the features each option allows users and the development of UM to UC. Whether you are considering UC or have already implemented unified communications, this videocast embedded on the right explains the differences between the technologies and how UC will continue to impact the future of communications.

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Protocols

Terms related to communication protocols, including definitions about TCP, IP, UDP, POP, SMTP, HTTP, XML, W-CDMA and FTP.

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Robotics

Terms related to robotics, including definitions about consumer or manufacturing robots and words and phrases about stepper motor systems, XY positioning tables, automation and artificial intelligence.

  • Turing test

    In artificial intelligence (AI), a Turing Test is a method of inquiry for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being. The test is named after Alan Turing, an English mathematician who pioneered machine learning during the 1940s and 1950s.

  • onboard intelligence

    Onboard intelligence is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) that is housed locally in the device it operates.

  • chatbot

    A chatbot is a computer program that attempts to simulate the conversation of a human being via text or voice interactions.

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Video Production

Definitions about producing and editing videos.

  • digital evidence presentation system (DEPS)

    A digital evidence presentation system (DEPS) is a system with an overhead camera and a liquid crystal display (LCD) used in courts to present and record evidence digitally.

  • Khan Academy

    The Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization that provides free video tutorials and interactive exercises.

  • screencast

    A screencast is a digital video recording that captures actions taking place on a computer desktop.

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SearchCompliance

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

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  • biometrics

    Biometrics is the measurement and statistical analysis of people's unique physical and behavioral characteristics.

  • principle of least privilege (POLP)

    The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for...

  • identity management (ID management)

    Identity management (ID management) is the organizational process for identifying, authenticating and authorizing individuals or ...

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SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

SearchStorage

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

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