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Computer Science

Definitions about computer science including computing fundamentals vocabulary, protocol and standards terminology, words about microprocessors and electronics definitions.

Computing fundamentals

Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

  • disaster recovery plan (DRP)

    A company's disaster recovery policy is enhanced with a documented DR plan that formulates strategies, and outlines preparation work and testing.

  • embedded system

    An embedded system is some combination of computer hardware and software, either fixed in capability or programmable, that is designed for a specific function or for specific functions within a larger system.

  • motherboard

    A motherboard is the main printed circuit board (PCB) in a computer. The motherboard is a computer’s central communications backbone connectivity point, through which all components and external peripherals connect.

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Electronics

Terms related to electronics, including definitions about electrical components and words and phrases about computers, laptops parts, digital cameras, televisions and home appliances.

  • mechatronics

    Mechatronics is a branch of engineering that focuses on designing, manufacturing and maintaining products that have both mechanical and electronic components. As a design philosophy, mechatronics values an interdisciplinary, systems thinking approach to problem solving.

  • wavelength

    A wavelength is a measure of distance between two identical peaks (high points) or troughs (low points) in a wave -- a repeating pattern of traveling energy like light or sound.

  • geo-fencing (geofencing)

    Geo-fencing is a feature in a software program that uses the global positioning system (GPS) or radio frequency identification (RFID) to define geographical boundaries. A geofence is a virtual barrier.

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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

  • molecule

    A molecule is the smallest particle in a chemical element or compound that has the chemical properties of that element or compound.

  • pressure

    Pressure is an expression of force exerted on a surface per unit area.

  • IBM (International Business Machines)

    IBM (International Business Machines) ranks among the world's largest information technology companies, providing a wide spectrum of hardware, software and services offerings.

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Mathematics

Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business.

  • data analytics (DA)

    Data analytics (DA) is the science of examining raw data with the purpose of drawing conclusions about that information.

  • binary

    Binary describes a numbering scheme in which there are only two possible values for each digit: 0 and 1. The term also refers to any digital encoding/decoding system in which there are exactly two possible states.

  • Khan Academy

    The Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization that provides free video tutorials and interactive exercises.

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Microprocessors

Terms related to microprocessors, including definitions about silicon chips and words and phrases about computer processors.

  • Ryzen (AMD Ryzen)

    Ryzen (pronounced RYE zen) is an AMD CPU aimed at the server, desktop, workstation, media center PC and all-in-one markets.

  • pressure sensing

    Pressure sensing is the capacity for some system to sense the force exerted on a surface per unit area and express that force in the strength of an electric signal.

  • neurosynaptic chip (cognitive chip)

    A neurosynaptic chip, also known as a cognitive chip, is a computer processor that functions more like a biological brain than a typical CPU does.

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Nanotechnology

Terms related to nanotechnology, including manufacturing definitions and words and phrases about building machines at a molecular level.

  • mechatronics

    Mechatronics is a branch of engineering that focuses on designing, manufacturing and maintaining products that have both mechanical and electronic components. As a design philosophy, mechatronics values an interdisciplinary, systems thinking approach to problem solving.

  • biomimetics (biomimicry)

    Biomimetic refers to human-made processes, substances, devices, or systems that imitate nature. Biomimetic technologies are also known as biomimicry: mimicry of biological systems.

  • Singularity (the)

    The Singularity is the hypothetical future creation of superintelligent machines. Superintelligence is defined as a technologically-created cognitive capacity far beyond that possible for humans.

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Protocols

Terms related to communication protocols, including definitions about TCP, IP, UDP, POP, SMTP, HTTP, XML, W-CDMA and FTP.

  • BGP (Border Gateway Protocol)

    BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) is a protocol that manages how packets are routed across the internet through the exchange of routing and reachability information between edge routers.

  • PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol)

    PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) is a standard used to establish a direct connection between two network nodes that enables the transport of multiprotocol data.

  • Secure Shell (SSH)

    Secure Shell (SSH) is a network protocol that secures data communications between computers on an insecure network using strong authentication and encryption. SSH also refers to the utility suite that implements the protocol, and which can be used to enable terminal sessions, file transfers and remote command execution.

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Robotics

Terms related to robotics, including definitions about consumer or manufacturing robots and words and phrases about stepper motor systems, XY positioning tables, automation and artificial intelligence.

  • pneumatics

    Pneumatics (pronounced new-MATT-ix) is an aspect of physics and engineering that is concerned with using the energy in compressed gas to make something move or work.

  • mechatronics

    Mechatronics is a branch of engineering that focuses on designing, manufacturing and maintaining products that have both mechanical and electronic components. As a design philosophy, mechatronics values an interdisciplinary, systems thinking approach to problem solving.

  • AI (Artificial Intelligence)

    Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence by machines.

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SearchCompliance

  • cyborg anthropologist

    A cyborg anthropologist is an individual who studies the interaction between humans and technology, observing how technology can ...

  • RegTech

    RegTech, or regulatory technology, is a term used to describe technology that is used to help streamline the process of ...

  • conduct risk

    Conduct risk is the prospect of financial loss to an organization that is caused by the actions of an organization's ...

SearchSecurity

  • insider threat

    An insider threat is a malicious hacker (also called a cracker or a black hat) who is an employee or officer of a business, ...

  • virus (computer virus)

    A computer virus is malicious code that replicates by copying itself to another program, computer boot sector or document.

  • two-factor authentication (2FA)

    Two-factor authentication (2FA), often referred to as two-step verification, is a security process in which the user provides two...

SearchHealthIT

  • HIPAA Privacy Rule

    The Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, commonly known as the HIPAA Privacy Rule, establishes ...

  • HIPAA business associate agreement (BAA)

    Under the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, a HIPAA business associate agreement (BAA) is a ...

  • telemedicine

    Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • disaster recovery plan (DRP)

    A company's disaster recovery policy is enhanced with a documented DR plan that formulates strategies, and outlines preparation ...

  • fault-tolerant

    Systems with integrated fault tolerance are designed to withstand multiple hardware failures to ensure continuous availability.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery strategies are critical, as many businesses fail following an unforeseen event. DR may require an internal or ...

SearchStorage

  • Secure Digital card (SD card)

    SD cards use flash memory to provide nonvolatile storage. They are more rugged than traditional storage media and are used in ...

  • data storage

    In a computer, storage is the place where data is held in an electromagnetic or optical form for access by a computer processor.

  • flash storage

    Flash-based storage, based on flash memory, is used for data repositories, storage systems and consumer devices, such as USB ...

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • flash file system

    Flash file systems are designed specifically for memory devices. A well-designed flash device and flash file system ensure ...

  • IOPS (input/output operations per second)

    IOPS measures the maximum number of reads and writes to non-contiguous storage. It is not an actual benchmark since vendor ...

  • eMMC (embedded MultiMediaCard)

    An embedded MultiMediaCard (eMMC) is a small storage device made up of NAND flash memory and a simple storage controller.

SearchCloudStorage

  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

  • Zadara VPSA and ZIOS

    Zadara Storage provides block, file or object storage with varying levels of compute and capacity through its ZIOS and VPSA ...

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