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Consumer Technology

Definitions about consumer technology including Internet acronyms, tech lingo, multimedia definitions, words about personal computing and peripherals as well as terms used in wireless and mobile computing.

Desktop PCs

Terms related to PCs, including definitions about desktop computers and words and phrases about computer components.

  • phase-change memory (PCM)

    Phase-change memory (PCM) is a form of computer RAM (random-access memory) that stores data by altering the state of the matter from which the device is fabricated.

  • Microsoft

    Microsoft is a leading global vendor of computer software; hardware for computer, mobile and gaming systems; and cloud services.

  • von Neumann bottleneck

    The von Neumann bottleneck is a limitation on throughput caused by the standard personal computer architecture.

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Internet acronyms and lingo

Terms related to Internet acronyms and lingo, including slang definitions and jargon about texting, Twitter and other social networking sites.

  • PageRank

    PageRank (PR) is Google’s main method of ranking web pages for placement on a search engine results page (SERP). PageRank refers to the system and the algorithmic method that Google uses to rank pages as well as the numerical value assigned to pages as a score.

  • nofollow

    Nofollow is a meta tag that can be added to a site’s robots.txt file or to individual links to stop search engine webcrawlers from following links on the page.

  • black hat

    Black hat refers to a hacker who breaks into a computer system or network with malicious intent.

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Internet technologies

This WhatIs.com glossary contains terms related to Internet technologies, including definitions about port numbers, standards and protocols and words and phrases about how the Internet works.

  • static URL

    A static uniform resource locator (URL) is a name-based website address that is direct, unchanging, clear and contains no session or user identification information.

  • robots.txt

    Robots.txt is a text file used on websites to provide instructions to webcrawlers or “robots” that index pages for search engines.

  • Googlebot

    Googlebot is the web crawling software search bot (also known as a spider or webcrawler) that gathers the web page information used to supply Google search engine results pages (SERP).

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Multimedia and graphics

Terms related to multimedia, including graphics, animation and video definitions and words and phrases about images and sound.

  • computer worm

    A computer worm is a type of malicious software program whose primary function is to infect other computers while remaining active on infected systems.

  • Snapchat World Lenses

    Snapchat World Lenses are a collection of augmented reality (AR) 3D enhancements to live real-world environments as viewed through the Snapchat mobile app, which allows users to send and receive 'self-destructing' photos and videos.

  • projector mapping

    Projector mapping (also known as projection mapping or video mapping) is the use of standard projectors to display 2D and 3D images on real world objects.

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Peripherals

Terms related to peripheral devices including definitions about keyboards or mice and words and phrases about printers, monitors, digital cameras and scanners.

  • computer worm

    A computer worm is a type of malicious software program whose primary function is to infect other computers while remaining active on infected systems.

  • USB flash drive

    A USB flash drive -- also known as a stick, thumb or pen drive -- is a plug-and-play portable storage device that uses flash memory and can attach to a keychain.

  • CompactFlash card (CF card)

    A CompactFlash card (CF card) is a memory card format developed by SanDisk in 1994 that uses flash memory technology to store data on a very small portable device.

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Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

  • phase-change memory (PCM)

    Phase-change memory (PCM) is a form of computer RAM (random-access memory) that stores data by altering the state of the matter from which the device is fabricated.

  • screen door effect

    The screen door effect is a mesh-like appearance that occurs where visible gaps between pixels are seen on an electronic screen, usually when viewed at close proximity. The name comes from the similarity of the effect to viewing something through the mesh of a screen door. The effect is also known as a fixed noise pattern (FNP).

  • steadycam (steadicam)

    A steadycam (also known as a steadicam) is a device that enables smooth video shooting by stabilizing a camera and isolating it from shock and vibration.

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Printers

Terms related to printers, including definitions about scanners and words and phrases about inkjet, laser, photo and all-in-one printers.

  • 3-D printing (additive manufacturing)

    3-D printing is a manufacturing process that builds layers to create a three-dimensional solid object from a digital model.

  • photocopier

    A photocopier is an electronic machine that makes copies of images and documents. Photocopiers were once single-function devices. Now, enterprise-grade photocopiers are usually networked and perform multiple functions. They are available in desktop or free-standing models.

  • PARC (Palo Alto Research Center)

    PARC is Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, located in Palo Alto, California, in the high-tech area that has become known as Silicon Valley. PARC was incorporated as an independent, wholly-owned subsidiary of Xerox in 2002.

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Wireless and mobile

Terms related to wireless and mobile technology, including definitions about consumer mobile technology devices and communication technologies such as Wi-Fi, WiMAX and LTE.

  • proximity marketing (hyperlocal marketing)

    Proximity marketing, sometimes referred to as hyperlocal marketing, is the wireless delivery of promotional material to mobile users in a specific location.

  • mobile device

    A mobile device is essentially a handheld computer. Although the category of mobile device might seem to include any electronic device small enough to be carried around, the term implies wireless communications and the capacity for general computing.

  • beacon (proximity beacon)

    A beacon, in the context of location-based services, is a small hardware device that enables data transmission to mobile devices when the users are within a specific range of the device. Such beacons are sometimes called proximity beacons.

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SearchCompliance

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • audit program (audit plan)

    An audit program, also called an audit plan, is an action plan that documents what procedures an auditor will follow to validate ...

SearchSecurity

  • computer worm

    A computer worm is a type of malicious software program whose primary function is to infect other computers while remaining ...

  • black hat

    Black hat refers to a hacker who breaks into a computer system or network with malicious intent.

  • copyright

    Copyright is a legal term describing ownership of control of the rights to the use and distribution of certain works of creative ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

  • mass notification system (MNS)

    A mass notification system is a platform that sends one-way messages to inform employees and the public of an emergency.

SearchStorage

  • hybrid hard drive (HHD)

    A hybrid hard drive (HHD), sometimes known as a solid-state hybrid drive (SSHD), is a mass storage device that combines a ...

  • USB flash drive

    A USB flash drive -- also known as a stick, thumb or pen drive -- is a plug-and-play portable storage device that uses flash ...

  • open source storage

    Open source storage is data storage software developed in a public, collaborative manner that permits the free use, distribution ...

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • RRAM or ReRAM (resistive RAM)

    RRAM or ReRAM (resistive random access memory) is a form of nonvolatile storage that operates by changing the resistance of a ...

  • JEDEC

    JEDEC is a global industry group that develops open standards for microelectronics.

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to a computer industry specification written for internally mounted storage...

SearchCloudStorage

  • Google Cloud Storage

    Google Cloud Storage is an enterprise public cloud storage platform that can house large unstructured data sets.

  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

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