Browse Definitions:

IT Management

Search or browse for definitions about information technology (IT) management. Many of our definitions are hosted on technology-specific websites to help you quickly learn about each definition's business and tech context.

ERP

Terms related to business, including definitions about project management and words and phrases about human resources, finance and vertical industries.

  • gross domestic product (GDP)

    Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total amount of dollars made within a given location in the selling of all goods and services before deductions.

  • digital economy

    The digital economy is the worldwide network of economic activities, commercial transactions and professional interactions that are enabled by information and communications technologies.

  • key performance indicators (KPIs)

    Key performance indicators (KPIs) are business metrics used by corporate executives and other managers to track and analyze factors deemed crucial to the success of an organization.

View All ERP Definitions

Business software

Terms related to business software, including definitions about billing and words and phrases about supply chain, CRM, POS, ERP, accounting, payroll and inventory.

  • natural language processing (NLP)

    Natural language processing (NLP) is the ability of a computer program to understand human speech as it is spoken.

  • enterprise content management (ECM)

    Enterprise content management (ECM) is a set of defined processes, strategies and tools that allow a business to effectively obtain, organize, store and deliver critical information to its employees, business stakeholders and customers.

  • legal analytics

    Legal analytics is the application of data analysis methods and technologies within the field of law to improve efficiency, gain insight and realize greater value from available data.

View All Business software Definitions Back to Top

Compliance

This glossary contains definitions related to compliance. Some definitions explain the meaning of words used in compliance regulations. Other definitions are related to the strategies that compliance officers use to mitigate risk and create a manageable compliance infrastructure.

  • content marketing

    Content marketing is the publication of material designed to promote a brand, usually through a more oblique and subtle approach than that of traditional push advertising. The essence of good content marketing is that it offers something the viewer wants, such as information or entertainment.

  • enterprise content management (ECM)

    Enterprise content management (ECM) is a set of defined processes, strategies and tools that allow a business to effectively obtain, organize, store and deliver critical information to its employees, business stakeholders and customers.

  • forensic image

    A forensic image (forensic copy) is a bit-by-bit, sector-by-sector direct copy of a physical storage device, including all files, folders and unallocated, free and slack space.

View All Compliance Definitions Back to Top

CRM

Terms related to customer relationship management (CRM), including definitions about call centers and contact centers.

  • backfire effect

    The backfire effect is the tendency of some people to resist accepting evidence that conflicts with their beliefs. The effect is demonstrated when people presented with that conflicting information become even more convinced of their original beliefs rather than questioning them.

  • consignment inventory

    Consignment inventory is a supply chain model in which a product is sold by a retailer, but ownership is retained by the supplier until the product has been sold.

  • internet shaming (online shaming)

    Internet shaming is the use of social media, blogs and other online communication channels to attack a target individual or organization. The purpose of the attack is often to publicly embarrass the target, often as retribution for some behavior.

View All CRM Definitions Back to Top

Government IT

Terms related to government IT, including definitions about specific federal, state and local government programs as well as words and phrases about policy and compliance.

  • gross domestic product (GDP)

    Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total amount of dollars made within a given location in the selling of all goods and services before deductions.

  • digital profiling

    Digital profiling is the process of gathering and analyzing information about an individual that exists online. A digital profile can include information about personal characteristics, behaviors, affiliations, connections and interactions.

  • digital evidence presentation system (DEPS)

    A digital evidence presentation system (DEPS) is a system with an overhead camera and a liquid crystal display (LCD) used in courts to present and record evidence digitally.

View All Government IT Definitions Back to Top

Healthcare IT

Terms related to healthcare IT, including definitions about healthcare information and management systems and words and phrases about electronic health records, meaningful use, government regulations and medical technology.

  • PACS (picture archiving and communication system)

    PACS, or picture archiving and communication system, is a medical imaging technology used for storing, retrieving, presenting and sharing images produced by various medical hardware modalities, such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI and ultrasound machines.

  • MACRA (Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015)

    MACRA (Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015) is U.S. healthcare legislation that provides a new framework for reimbursing clinicians who successfully demonstrate value over volume in patient care.

  • Allscripts

    Allscripts is a vendor of electronic health record systems for physician practices, hospitals and healthcare systems.

View All Healthcare IT Definitions Back to Top

HR management

  • digital profiling

    Digital profiling is the process of gathering and analyzing information about an individual that exists online. A digital profile can include information about personal characteristics, behaviors, affiliations, connections and interactions.

  • Unfreeze, Change, Refreeze (Kurt Lewin Change Management Model)

    Unfreeze, Change, Refreeze, also known as the Kurt Lewin Change Management Model, is a method for managing change within an organization.

  • Human Resources (HR) Generalist

    A human resources (HR) generalist is an employee in the HR department who handles a wide variety of responsibilities.

View All HR management Definitions Back to Top

IT procurement

Terms related to the activities and procedures necessary to acquire information technology (IT) products and services.

  • authorized service provider (ASP)

    An authorized service provider (ASP) is an organization that a product manufacturer has deemed qualified to service products covered under the manufacturer's warranty.

  • VAR (value-added reseller)

    A VAR, or value-added reseller, is a company that resells software, hardware and networking products and provides value beyond order fulfillment.

  • statement of work (SOW)

    A statement of work (SOW), in project management, is a document in which a contracting officer or chief procurement officer (CPO) specifies the objectives and deliverables for a particular project or service contract.

View All IT procurement Definitions Back to Top

Network administration

Terms related to managing computer networks, including definitions about LANS or WANS and words and phrases about network design, troubleshooting, security and backups.

  • application delivery controller

    An application delivery controller (ADC) is a network component that manages and optimizes how client machines connect to web and enterprise application servers.

  • virtual desktop

    A virtual desktop is a computer operating system that does not run directly on the endpoint hardware from which a user accesses it.

  • desktop virtualization

    Desktop virtualization is the concept of isolating a logical operating system instance from the client that is used to access it.

View All Network administration Definitions Back to Top

Project management

Terms related to project management, including definitions about project management methodologies and tools.

  • Unfreeze, Change, Refreeze (Kurt Lewin Change Management Model)

    Unfreeze, Change, Refreeze, also known as the Kurt Lewin Change Management Model, is a method for managing change within an organization.

  • red teaming

    Red teaming is the practice of rigorously challenging an organization's plans, policies, systems and assumptions by applying an adversarial approach. The purpose of red teaming is to overcome cognitive errors common to organizations such as group think and confirmation bias.

  • T-shaped employee

    A T-shaped employee, in the context of human resources, is an individual that has a depth of knowledge and skills in a particular area of specialization, along with a breadth of knowledge in related areas and the ability to make connections across disciplines.

View All Project management Definitions Back to Top

Security management

Terms related to security management, including definitions about intrusion detection systems (IDS) and words and phrases about asset management, security policies, security monitoring, authorization and authentication.

  • General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

    General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is legislation that will update and unify data privacy laws across in the European Union. GDPR was approved by the EU Parliament on April 14, 2016 and goes into effect on May 25, 2018.

  • insider threat

    Insider threat is a generic term for a threat to an organization's security or data that comes from within.

  • air gapping (air gap attack)

    Air gapping is a security measure that involves isolating a computer or network and preventing it from establishing an external connection.

View All Security management Definitions Back to Top

SEO

Definitions related to search engine optimization, including definitions about SEO and words and phrases about bots, spiders, organic traffic and all areas of search engine marketing (SEM).

  • affiliate marketing

    Affiliate marketing is a performance-based marketing strategy in which one company pays another for referred business.

  • PageRank

    PageRank (PR) is Google’s main method of ranking web pages for placement on a search engine results page (SERP). PageRank refers to the system and the algorithmic method that Google uses to rank pages as well as the numerical value assigned to pages as a score.

  • nofollow

    Nofollow is a meta tag that can be added to a site’s robots.txt file or to individual links to stop search engine webcrawlers from following links on the page.

View All SEO Definitions Back to Top

Software management

Terms related to software management, including definitions about licensing and words and phrases about software lifecycle management and software asset management.

  • enterprise content management (ECM)

    Enterprise content management (ECM) is a set of defined processes, strategies and tools that allow a business to effectively obtain, organize, store and deliver critical information to its employees, business stakeholders and customers.

  • applet

    An applet (little application) is a small software program that supports a larger application program. In the past, the term applet was often associated with the Java programming language.

  • systems integrator (SI)

    A systems integrator (SI) is an individual or business that builds computing systems for clients by combining hardware, software, networking and storage products from multiple vendors.

View All Software management Definitions Back to Top

Storage management

Terms related to data storage management, including definitions about enterprise storage and words and phrases about storage infrastructure, storage capacity and hierarchical storage management (HSM).

  • DIMM (dual in-line memory module)

    A DIMM (dual in-line memory module) is the standard memory card used in servers and PCs.

  • application-aware storage

    Application-aware storage is a storage system with built-in intelligence about relevant applications and their utilization patterns.

  • 3D XPoint

    3D XPoint is memory storage technology jointly developed by Intel and Micron Technology Inc.

View All Storage management Definitions Back to Top

-ADS BY GOOGLE

SearchCompliance

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • audit program (audit plan)

    An audit program, also called an audit plan, is an action plan that documents what procedures an auditor will follow to validate ...

SearchSecurity

  • insider threat

    Insider threat is a generic term for a threat to an organization's security or data that comes from within.

  • ransomware

    Ransomware is a subset of malware in which the data on a victim's computer is locked, typically by encryption, and payment is ...

  • hacker

    A hacker is an individual who uses computer, networking or other skills to overcome a technical problem.

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

SearchStorage

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • 3D XPoint

    3D XPoint is memory storage technology jointly developed by Intel and Micron Technology Inc.

  • RRAM or ReRAM (resistive RAM)

    RRAM or ReRAM (resistive random access memory) is a form of nonvolatile storage that operates by changing the resistance of a ...

  • JEDEC

    JEDEC is a global industry group that develops open standards for microelectronics.

SearchCloudStorage

  • Google Cloud Storage

    Google Cloud Storage is an enterprise public cloud storage platform that can house large unstructured data sets.

  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

Close