Browse Definitions:

IT Management

Search or browse for definitions about information technology (IT) management. Many of our definitions are hosted on technology-specific websites to help you quickly learn about each definition's business and tech context.

ERP

Terms related to business, including definitions about project management and words and phrases about human resources, finance and vertical industries.

  • G-code

    G-code (also known as RS-274) is the name of the most prevalent programming language for computer numerical control (CNC) in computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM).

  • new collar jobs

    New collar jobs are occupations which focus more on a candidate’s skills during the hiring process, rather than his or her level of education.

  • Hawthorne effect

    The Hawthorne effect is the modification of behavior by study participants in response to their knowledge that they are being observed or singled out for special treatment.

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Business software

Terms related to business software, including definitions about billing and words and phrases about supply chain, CRM, POS, ERP, accounting, payroll and inventory.

  • enterprise mobility management (EMM)

    Enterprise mobility management (EMM) is software that allows organizations to securely enable employee use of mobile devices and applications.

  • SAP

    SAP SE, a global software company, is one of the largest vendors of ERP and other enterprise applications. The company is headquartered in Walldorf, Germany.

  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud)

    Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.

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Compliance

This glossary contains definitions related to compliance. Some definitions explain the meaning of words used in compliance regulations. Other definitions are related to the strategies that compliance officers use to mitigate risk and create a manageable compliance infrastructure.

  • human resource management (HRM)

    This definition explains the meaning of human resource management (HRM) and how HRM helps organizations manage their employees.

  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud)

    Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.

  • Data Protection Bill 2017

    The Data Protection Bill 2017 is legislation that will replace the Data Protection Act of 1998. It is designed to balance the privacy needs of United Kingdom (UK) and European Union (EU) citizens with the interests of business.

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CRM

Terms related to customer relationship management (CRM), including definitions about call centers and contact centers.

  • virtual agent (intelligent virtual agent or virtual rep)

    A virtual agent (sometimes called an intelligent virtual agent, virtual rep or chatbot) is used to describe a program based in artificial intelligence (AI) that provides automated customer service.

  • off-page SEO (off-site SEO)

    Off-page SEO, also known as off-site SEO, is the efforts taken to boost a website's position in search engine results beyond the usual optimization strategies applied to the site itself.

  • consumer surveillance

    Consumer surveillance is the monitoring and recording of people’s activities and data, either online or in the physical environment, for commercial purposes.

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Government IT

Terms related to government IT, including definitions about specific federal, state and local government programs as well as words and phrases about policy and compliance.

  • Driver's Privacy Protection Act (DPPA)

    The Driver's Privacy Protection Act (DPPA) is a United States federal law designed to protect the personal information of licensed drivers from improper use or disclosure.

  • cyberwarfare

    Cyberwarfare is computer- or network-based conflict involving politically motivated attacks by a nation-state on another nation-state.

  • gross domestic product (GDP)

    Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total amount of dollars made within a given location in the selling of all goods and services before deductions.

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Healthcare IT

Terms related to healthcare IT, including definitions about healthcare information and management systems and words and phrases about electronic health records, meaningful use, government regulations and medical technology.

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HR management

  • neurodiversity

    Neurodiversity is the range of discrete variations in the nervous systems of individuals across the population, particularly in ways that are manifested in clusters of non-standard behaviors.

  • human resource management (HRM)

    This definition explains the meaning of human resource management (HRM) and how HRM helps organizations manage their employees.

  • workforce analytics

    Workforce analytics is a combination of software and methodology that applies statistical models to worker-related data, allowing enterprise leaders to optimize human resource management (HRM).

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IT procurement

Terms related to the activities and procedures necessary to acquire information technology (IT) products and services.

  • business case

    A business case is a written or verbal value proposition that is intended to educate a decision maker and convince them to take some kind of action. When written, the document itself is sometimes referred to as a business case.

  • Liquidware

    Liquidware is a company that provides monitoring and management software for physical, virtual and cloud desktop deployments.

  • authorized service provider (ASP)

    An authorized service provider (ASP) is an organization that a product manufacturer has deemed qualified to service products covered under the manufacturer's warranty.

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Network administration

Terms related to managing computer networks, including definitions about LANS or WANS and words and phrases about network design, troubleshooting, security and backups.

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Project management

Terms related to project management, including definitions about project management methodologies and tools.

  • business case

    A business case is a written or verbal value proposition that is intended to educate a decision maker and convince them to take some kind of action. When written, the document itself is sometimes referred to as a business case.

  • life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA)

    Life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) is the study of all the costs associated with processes, materials and goods from acquisition to ownership and maintenance, through to and including disposal.

  • corporate business glossary

    A corporate business glossary is a collection of terms commonly used within a business, along with their standard definitions specific to industry and the organization.

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Security management

Terms related to security management, including definitions about intrusion detection systems (IDS) and words and phrases about asset management, security policies, security monitoring, authorization and authentication.

  • enterprise mobility management (EMM)

    Enterprise mobility management (EMM) is software that allows organizations to securely enable employee use of mobile devices and applications.

  • principle of least privilege (POLP)

    The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for users to the bare minimum permissions they need to perform their work.

  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud)

    Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.

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SEO

Definitions related to search engine optimization, including definitions about SEO and words and phrases about bots, spiders, organic traffic and all areas of search engine marketing (SEM).

  • affiliate marketing

    Affiliate marketing is a performance-based marketing strategy in which one company pays another for referred business.

  • PageRank

    PageRank (PR) is Google’s main method of ranking web pages for placement on a search engine results page (SERP). PageRank refers to the system and the algorithmic method that Google uses to rank pages as well as the numerical value assigned to pages as a score.

  • nofollow

    Nofollow is a meta tag that can be added to a site’s robots.txt file or to individual links to stop search engine webcrawlers from following links on the page.

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Software management

Terms related to software management, including definitions about licensing and words and phrases about software lifecycle management and software asset management.

  • principle of least privilege (POLP)

    The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for users to the bare minimum permissions they need to perform their work.

  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud)

    Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.

  • alarm management

    Alarm management is a system for prioritizing, grouping and classifying alerts and event notifications used in supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA). Alarm management functions similarly in other applications such as IT and medical care.

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Storage management

Terms related to data storage management, including definitions about enterprise storage and words and phrases about storage infrastructure, storage capacity and hierarchical storage management (HSM).

  • OpenStack Swift

    OpenStack Swift, also known as OpenStack Object Storage, is an open source object storage system that is licensed under the Apache 2.0 license and runs on standard server hardware.

  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud)

    Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.

  • Mozy (by Dell)

    Mozy (by Dell) is a cloud backup service owned by Dell EMC that targets customers ranging from consumers through to the enterprise.

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SearchCompliance

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

SearchSecurity

  • biometrics

    Biometrics is the measurement and statistical analysis of people's unique physical and behavioral characteristics.

  • principle of least privilege (POLP)

    The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for...

  • identity management (ID management)

    Identity management (ID management) is the organizational process for identifying, authenticating and authorizing individuals or ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

SearchStorage

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

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