Browse Definitions:

Networking

Definitions about networking including routing and switching vocabulary, telecom terminology and words about email, messaging and mobile.

Circuit switched services equipment and providers

Terms related to circuit switched services equipment and providers, including dedicated communications channel definitions and words and phrases about telecommunications.

  • trunk

    A trunk is a physical path or link in a communications system that interconnects major switching centers or nodes and is designed to handle many transmissions simultaneously.

  • service-level agreement (SLA)

    A service-level agreement (SLA) is a contract that specifies what the service provider is responsible for.

  • signal-to-noise ratio (S/N or SNR)

    In analog and digital communications, signal-to-noise ratio is a measure of signal strength relative to background noise. This ratio is usually measured in decibels.

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Data transmission

Terms related to data transmission, including definitions about communication channels and words and phrases about point-to-point and point-to-multipoint data transfers.

  • fiber optics (optical fiber)

    Fiber optics, or optical fiber, refers to the medium and the technology associated with the transmission of information as light pulses along a glass or plastic strand or fiber.

  • IPTV (Internet Protocol television)

    IPTV (Internet Protocol television) is a service that provides television programming and other video content using the TCP/IP protocol suite as opposed to traditional cable or satellite signals.

  • managed file transfer (MFT)

    Managed file transfer (MFT) is a type of software used to provide secure internal, external and ad-hoc data transfers through a network.

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Email and messaging

Terms related to email and messaging, including definitions about instant messenger and words and phrases about email servers, storage, spam and mobile access.

  • email archiving

    Email archiving (also spelled e-mail archiving) is a systematic approach to saving and protecting the data contained in email messages to enable fast retrieval.

  • call to action

    A call to action in marketing is an image, a line of text or a combination of the two that is aimed at encouraging readers, listeners or viewers to take the next step.

  • geo-marketing

    Geo-marketing is a tool that uses geographic, or location-based, information to help companies put together marketing strategies and campaigns.

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High-speed networks

Terms related to high-speed communication networks, including network and end-system architecture definitions and words and phrases about high-bandwidth and low-latency communication.

  • Verizon Communications v. Federal Communications Commission (2014)

    Verizon Communications v. Federal Communications Commission was a 2014 case in which the court ruled that the FCC lacked the authority to regulate broadband providers as common carriers. The case was heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

  • fiber optics (optical fiber)

    Fiber optics, or optical fiber, refers to the medium and the technology associated with the transmission of information as light pulses along a glass or plastic strand or fiber.

  • IPTV (Internet Protocol television)

    IPTV (Internet Protocol television) is a service that provides television programming and other video content using the TCP/IP protocol suite as opposed to traditional cable or satellite signals.

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Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a scenario in which objects, animals or people are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human interaction.

  • microcontroller

    A microcontroller is a compact integrated circuit designed to govern a specific operation in an embedded system.

  • ubiquitous networking

    Ubiquitous networking is the pervasion of communications infrastructure and wireless technologies throughout the environment such that they enable continuous connectivity.

  • vertical farming

    Vertical farming is the practice of growing vegetables and fruit in vertically stacked layers. The practice can be based on soil, hydroponic or aeroponic growing methods.

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LANs

Terms related to local area networks (LANs), including definitions about Ethernet and words and phrases about devices that share a common communications line or link.

  • managed file transfer (MFT)

    Managed file transfer (MFT) is a type of software used to provide secure internal, external and ad-hoc data transfers through a network.

  • network automation

    Network automation is the use of IT controls to supervise and carry out every-day network management functions.

  • 40 Gigabit Ethernet (40GbE)

    40 Gigabit Ethernet (40GbE) is a standard that enables the transfer of Ethernet frames at speeds of up to 40 gigabits per second (Gbps). 40 GbE runs on Quad Small Form Factor Pluggable (QSFFP) cabling, a high-density fiber connector with 12 strands of fiber.

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Network hardware

Terms related to network hardware, including definitions about cables or file servers and words and phrases about routers and switches.

  • Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP)

    Unshielded twisted pair (UTP) is a ubiquitous type of copper cabling used in telephone wiring and local area networks (LANs).

  • keylogger (keystroke logger or system monitor)

    A keylogger, sometimes called a keystroke logger or system monitor, is a type of surveillance technology used to monitor and record each keystroke typed on a specific computer's keyboard.

  • infrastructure (IT infrastructure)

    Infrastructure is the foundation or framework that supports a system or organization. In computing, infrastructure is composed of physical and virtual resources that support the flow, storage, processing and analysis of data.

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Network software

Terms related to network software, including definitions about network monitoring and words and phrases about network administration.

  • codec

    A codec is either a hardware device or a software-based process that compresses and decompresses large amounts of data used in voice over IP, video conferencing and streaming media.

  • keylogger (keystroke logger or system monitor)

    A keylogger, sometimes called a keystroke logger or system monitor, is a type of surveillance technology used to monitor and record each keystroke typed on a specific computer's keyboard.

  • SDDC (software-defined data center)

    An SDDC (software-defined data center) is a data storage facility in which networking, storage, CPU and security are virtualized and delivered as a service.

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Networking and communications

Terms related to networking and communications, including definitions about network protocols and words and phrases about data transmission.

  • Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE certification)

    Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE certification) is a series of technical certifications for senior networking professionals who design, build, implement, maintain and troubleshoot complex enterprise networking infrastructures.

  • Facebook Spaces

    Facebook Spaces is the social media company’s virtual reality (VR) application that allows users to interact in a virtual environment as if they were in the same room.

  • churn rate

    Churn rate is a measure of the number of customers or employees who leave a company during a given period. It can also refer to the amount of revenue lost as a result of the departures.

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Routing and switching

Terms related to routers and switches, including definitions about hubs and words and phrases about packet-switched networks.

  • field of view (FOV)

    Field of view (FOV) is the open observable area a person can see through his or her eyes or via an optical device. In the case of optical devices and sensors, FOV describes the angle through which the devices can pick up electromagnetic radiation.n.

  • top-of-rack switching

    Top-of-rack switching refers to a distributed data center architecture where one or more Ethernet switches is installed in a rack, then uplinked using high-bandwidth fiber optic connections to a central, high-density distribution point.

  • edge provider

    An edge provider is a service that a given ISP’s customers connect to that is not inside that provider’s network and does not belong to them.

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Smart grid

Terms related to smart grids, including definitions about utility electricity delivery systems and words and phrases about smart meters and distributing, monitoring and billing electrical power.

  • application program interface (API)

    An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.

  • firmware

    Firmware is programming that's written to the non-volatile memory of a hardware device. Non-volatile memory is a form of static random access memory whose contents are saved when a hardware device is turned off or loses its external power source.

  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

    The Advanced Encryption Standard, or AES, is a symmetric block cipher used by the U.S. government to protect classified information and is implemented in software and hardware throughout the world to encrypt sensitive data.

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Telecom

Terms related to telecom, including definitions about telecommunication service providers and words and phrases about voice, video and Internet communication.

  • data discrimination (data censorship)

    Data discrimination, also called discrimination by algorithm, is bias that occurs when predefined data types or data sources are intentionally or unintentionally treated differently than others.

  • common carrier

    A common carrier, in telecommunications, is an entity that provides wired and wireless communication services to the general public for a fee. A common carrier can be contrasted with a contract carrier, also called a private carrier, which provides services to a limited number of customers.

  • paid prioritization

    Paid prioritization, in relation to the internet, is the optimization of data transfer rates for certain content providers, websites and web services.

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VoIP

Terms related to voice over IP (VoIP), including definitions about communication protocols and words and phrases about making phone calls over the Internet.

  • network convergence

    Network convergence is the efficient coexistence of telephone, video and data communication within a single network.

  • data deduplication

    Deduplication retains one unique data instance to reduce storage and bandwidth consumed by remote backups, replication and disaster recovery.

  • VoIP (voice over IP)

    VoIP enables voice and multimedia communications, such as phone calls, over the internet and other IP-based networks, and allows enterprises to operate a single voice and data network.

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Wireless LANs

Terms related to wireless LANs, including definitions about Wi-Fi and words and phrases about wireless access points, wireless controllers, wireless LAN security and WLAN configuration.

  • radio frequency (RF, rf)

    Radio frequency is a measurement representing the oscillation rate of electromagnetic radiation spectrum, or electromagnetic radio waves, from frequencies ranging from 300 GHz to as low as 9 kHz.

  • line of sight (LOS)

    The level of obstruction in a line of sight determines not only the visibility from one point to another but also the quality of signal reception for wireless transmissions, such as Wi-Fi.

  • Wi-Fi (802.11x standard)

    Wi-Fi is the popular term for high-frequency wireless local area network (WLAN) technology and a standard that has gained acceptance in many companies as an alternative to a wired LAN.

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Wireless technologies

Terms related to wireless technologies, including definitions about wireless devices and words and phrases about radio, microwave and infrared communication.

  • mobile computing (nomadic computing)

    Mobile computing is the use of portable computing devices in conjunction with mobile technology that enables users to access the internet and data on mobile devices anytime, anywhere.

  • vehicle to infrastructure (V2I or v2i)

    Vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I or V2X) is a communication model that allows vehicles to share information with the components that support a country's highway system. Such components include overhead RFID readers and cameras, traffic lights, lane markers, streetlights, signage and parking meters. V2I communication is typically wireless and bi-directional: data from infrastructure components can be delivered to the vehicle and vice versa.

  • Qi (Wireless Power Consortium)

    Qi (pronounced CHEE) is a manufacturer-agnostic standard for wirelessly charging battery-powered devices. Qi, which means life energy in Chinese, was developed and is maintained by the Wireless Power Consortium.

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SearchSecurity

  • black hat

    Black hat refers to a hacker who breaks into a computer system or network with malicious intent.

  • copyright

    Copyright is a legal term describing ownership of control of the rights to the use and distribution of certain works of creative ...

  • keylogger (keystroke logger or system monitor)

    A keylogger, sometimes called a keystroke logger or system monitor, is a type of surveillance technology used to monitor and ...

SearchHealthIT

  • population health management (PHM)

    Population health management (PHM) is a discipline within the healthcare industry that studies and facilitates care delivery ...

  • ICD-10-PCS

    The International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS) is a U.S. cataloging system for...

  • U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM)

    The U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) is the largest biomedical library in the world.

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

  • mass notification system (MNS)

    A mass notification system is a platform that sends one-way messages to inform employees and the public of an emergency.

SearchStorage

  • open source storage

    Open source storage is data storage software developed in a public, collaborative manner that permits the free use, distribution ...

  • CompactFlash card (CF card)

    A CompactFlash card (CF card) is a memory card format developed by SanDisk in 1994 that uses flash memory technology to store ...

  • email archiving

    Email archiving (also spelled e-mail archiving) is a systematic approach to saving and protecting the data contained in email ...

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • RRAM or ReRAM (resistive RAM)

    RRAM or ReRAM (resistive random access memory) is a form of nonvolatile storage that operates by changing the resistance of a ...

  • JEDEC

    JEDEC is a global industry group that develops open standards for microelectronics.

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to a computer industry specification written for internally mounted storage...

SearchCloudStorage

  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

  • Zadara VPSA and ZIOS

    Zadara Storage provides block, file or object storage with varying levels of compute and capacity through its ZIOS and VPSA ...

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