Browse Definitions:

Networking

Definitions about networking including routing and switching vocabulary, telecom terminology and words about email, messaging and mobile.

Circuit switched services equipment and providers

Terms related to circuit switched services equipment and providers, including dedicated communications channel definitions and words and phrases about telecommunications.

  • trunk

    A trunk is a physical path or link in a communications system that interconnects major switching centers or nodes and is designed to handle many transmissions simultaneously.

  • service-level agreement (SLA)

    A service-level agreement (SLA) is a contract that specifies what the service provider is responsible for.

  • signal-to-noise ratio (S/N or SNR)

    In analog and digital communications, signal-to-noise ratio is a measure of signal strength relative to background noise. This ratio is usually measured in decibels.

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Data transmission

Terms related to data transmission, including definitions about communication channels and words and phrases about point-to-point and point-to-multipoint data transfers.

  • RFID (radio frequency identification)

    RFID (radio frequency identification) is a form of wireless communication that incorporates the use of electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to uniquely identify an object, animal or person.

  • smart home

    A smart home is a residence that uses internet-connected devices to enable the remote monitoring and management of appliances and systems, such as lighting and heating.

  • hybrid WAN

    A hybrid WAN is a wide area network that sends traffic over two or more connection types. Hybrid WANs permit dynamic traffic engineering across both private and public domains, using a variety of connectivity options to make the best use of network resources.

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Email and messaging

Terms related to email and messaging, including definitions about instant messenger and words and phrases about email servers, storage, spam and mobile access.

  • instant messaging (IM)

    Instant messaging, often shortened to IM or IM'ing, is the exchange of near real-time messages through a stand-alone application or embedded software.

  • Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC)

    Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC) is an email authentication and reporting protocol designed to help ensure the authenticity of the sender’s identity.

  • contact center

    A contact center -- also referred to as a customer interaction center or e-contact center -- is a central point from which all customer contacts are managed.

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High-speed networks

Terms related to high-speed communication networks, including network and end-system architecture definitions and words and phrases about high-bandwidth and low-latency communication.

  • build your own broadband (BYOB)

    Build your own broadband (BYOB) is a community- or individual-driven initiative to lay foundations for high-speed internet, instead of the work being performed by a traditional internet service provider (ISP) or government.

  • Verizon Communications v. Federal Communications Commission (2014)

    Verizon Communications v. Federal Communications Commission was a 2014 case in which the court ruled that the FCC lacked the authority to regulate broadband providers as common carriers. The case was heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

  • fiber optics (optical fiber)

    Fiber optics, or optical fiber, refers to the medium and the technology associated with the transmission of information as light pulses along a glass or plastic strand or fiber.

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Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a scenario in which objects, animals or people are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human interaction.

  • RFID (radio frequency identification)

    RFID (radio frequency identification) is a form of wireless communication that incorporates the use of electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to uniquely identify an object, animal or person.

  • onboard intelligence

    Onboard intelligence is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) that is housed locally in the device it operates.

  • Universal Powerline Bus (UPB)

    Universal Powerline Bus (UPB) is a communication methodology for home automation device control, allowing devices to communicate with pulse-position modulation through power lines.

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LANs

Terms related to local area networks (LANs), including definitions about Ethernet and words and phrases about devices that share a common communications line or link.

  • network automation

    Network automation is a methodology in which software automatically configures, provisions, manages and tests network devices.

  • managed file transfer (MFT)

    Managed file transfer (MFT) is a type of software used to provide secure internal, external and ad-hoc data transfers through a network.

  • 40 Gigabit Ethernet (40GbE)

    40 Gigabit Ethernet (40GbE) is a standard that enables the transfer of Ethernet frames at speeds of up to 40 gigabits per second (Gbps). 40 GbE runs on Quad Small Form Factor Pluggable (QSFFP) cabling, a high-density fiber connector with 12 strands of fiber.

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Network hardware

Terms related to network hardware, including definitions about cables or file servers and words and phrases about routers and switches.

  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud)

    Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.

  • edge router

    An edge router is a specialized router located at a network boundary that enables a campus network to connect to external networks.

  • smart home

    A smart home is a residence that uses internet-connected devices to enable the remote monitoring and management of appliances and systems, such as lighting and heating.

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Network software

Terms related to network software, including definitions about network monitoring and words and phrases about network administration.

  • principle of least privilege (POLP)

    The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for users to the bare minimum permissions they need to perform their work.

  • Windows Server Core

    Windows Server Core is a minimal installation option for the Windows Server operating system (OS) that has no GUI and only includes the components required to perform server roles and run applications.

  • unified communications (UC)

    Unified communications (UC) is a framework for integrating various asynchronous and real-time communication tools, with the goal of enhancing business communication, collaboration and productivity.

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Networking and communications

Terms related to networking and communications, including definitions about network protocols and words and phrases about data transmission.

  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud)

    Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.

  • ONC (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology)

    The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, abbreviated ONC, is an entity within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

  • hybrid WAN

    A hybrid WAN is a wide area network that sends traffic over two or more connection types. Hybrid WANs permit dynamic traffic engineering across both private and public domains, using a variety of connectivity options to make the best use of network resources.

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Routing and switching

Terms related to routers and switches, including definitions about hubs and words and phrases about packet-switched networks.

  • edge router

    An edge router is a specialized router located at a network boundary that enables a campus network to connect to external networks.

  • network automation

    Network automation is a methodology in which software automatically configures, provisions, manages and tests network devices.

  • field of view (FOV)

    Field of view (FOV) is the open observable area a person can see through his or her eyes or via an optical device. In the case of optical devices and sensors, FOV describes the angle through which the devices can pick up electromagnetic radiation.n.

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Smart grid

Terms related to smart grids, including definitions about utility electricity delivery systems and words and phrases about smart meters and distributing, monitoring and billing electrical power.

  • application program interface (API)

    An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.

  • firmware

    Firmware is programming that's written to the non-volatile memory of a hardware device. Non-volatile memory is a form of static random access memory whose contents are saved when a hardware device is turned off or loses its external power source.

  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

    The Advanced Encryption Standard, or AES, is a symmetric block cipher used by the U.S. government to protect classified information and is implemented in software and hardware throughout the world to encrypt sensitive data.

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Telecom

Terms related to telecom, including definitions about telecommunication service providers and words and phrases about voice, video and Internet communication.

  • call center

    A call center is a centralized department to which phone calls from current and potential customers are directed.

  • UCaaS (Unified Communications as a Service)

    Unified communications as a service (UCaaS) is a cloud delivery model that offers a variety of communication and collaboration applications and services.

  • data discrimination (data censorship)

    Data discrimination, also called discrimination by algorithm, is bias that occurs when predefined data types or data sources are intentionally or unintentionally treated differently than others.

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VoIP

Terms related to voice over IP (VoIP), including definitions about communication protocols and words and phrases about making phone calls over the Internet.

  • unified communications (UC)

    Unified communications (UC) is a framework for integrating various asynchronous and real-time communication tools, with the goal of enhancing business communication, collaboration and productivity.

  • Skype for Business

    Skype for Business, formerly known as Microsoft Lync Server, is a unified communications (UC) platform that integrates common channels of business communication and online meetings, including instant messaging (IM), presence, voice over IP (VoIP), video conferencing, file transfer, web conferencing, voicemail and email.

  • network convergence

    Network convergence is the efficient coexistence of telephone, video and data communication within a single network.

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Wireless LANs

Terms related to wireless LANs, including definitions about Wi-Fi and words and phrases about wireless access points, wireless controllers, wireless LAN security and WLAN configuration.

  • hybrid WAN

    A hybrid WAN is a wide area network that sends traffic over two or more connection types. Hybrid WANs permit dynamic traffic engineering across both private and public domains, using a variety of connectivity options to make the best use of network resources.

  • radio frequency (RF, rf)

    Radio frequency is a measurement representing the oscillation rate of electromagnetic radiation spectrum, or electromagnetic radio waves, from frequencies ranging from 300 GHz to as low as 9 kHz.

  • line of sight (LOS)

    The level of obstruction in a line of sight determines not only the visibility from one point to another but also the quality of signal reception for wireless transmissions, such as Wi-Fi.

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Wireless technologies

Terms related to wireless technologies, including definitions about wireless devices and words and phrases about radio, microwave and infrared communication.

  • Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS)

    Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) is a navigation assistance system used to improve the accuracy and precision of global positioning system (GPS).

  • LPWAN (low-power wide area network)

    Low-power WAN (LPWAN) is a wireless wide area network technology that interconnects low-bandwidth, battery-powered devices with low bit rates over long ranges.

  • iPad

    The iPad is a touchscreen tablet PC made by Apple.

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SearchCompliance

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

SearchSecurity

  • biometrics

    Biometrics is the measurement and statistical analysis of people's unique physical and behavioral characteristics.

  • principle of least privilege (POLP)

    The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for...

  • identity management (ID management)

    Identity management (ID management) is the organizational process for identifying, authenticating and authorizing individuals or ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

SearchStorage

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

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