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Security

Definitions about security including malware vocabulary, security threats and countermeasures terminology, words about viruses and Trojans, access control, authorization and authentication.

Application security

Terms related to application security, including procedural definitions for preventing software vulnerabilities and words and phrases about secure code development.

  • adaptive security

    Adaptive security is an approach to safeguarding systems and data by recognizing threat-related behaviors rather than the files and code used by virus definitions.

  • cybersecurity

    Cybersecurity is the body of technologies, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computers, programs and data from attack, damage or unauthorized access.

  • security event

    A security event is a change in the everyday operations of a network or IT service, indicating that an security policy may have been violated or a security safeguard may have failed.

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Authentication

Terms related to authentication, including security definitions about passwords and words and phrases about proving identity.

  • Microsoft Group Policy administrative template

    A Microsoft Group Policy administrative template is a file that supports the implementation of Microsoft Windows Group Policy and centralized user and machine management in Active Directory environments.

  • two-factor authentication (2FA)

    Two-factor authentication (2FA), often referred to as two-step verification, is a security process in which the user provides two authentication factors to verify they are who they say they are.

  • facial recognition

    Facial recognition (or face recognition) is a type of biometric software application that can identify a specific individual in a digital image by analyzing and comparing patterns.

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Malware

Terms related to malware, including definitions about viruses and Trojans and other words and phrases about malicious software.

  • command-and-control servers (C&C center)

    Command and control servers (C&C servers) are computers that issue commands to members of a botnet. Botnet members may be referred to a zombies and the botnet itself may be referred to as a zombie army.

  • exploit kit (crimeware kit)

    An exploit kit is a programming tool that allows someone who does not have any experience writing software code to create, customize and distribute malware.

  • insider threat

    An insider threat is a malicious hacker (also called a cracker or a black hat) who is an employee or officer of a business, institution, or agency. The term can also apply to an outside person who poses as an employee or officer by obtaining false credentials.

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Network security

Terms related to network security, including definitions about intrusion prevention and words and phrases about VPNs and firewalls.

  • acoustical mesh network

    An acoustical mesh network is a decentralized communication system that transmits data by using sound to connect computers. There are both legitimate and unscrupulous uses for acoustical mesh networks.

  • command-and-control servers (C&C center)

    Command and control servers (C&C servers) are computers that issue commands to members of a botnet. Botnet members may be referred to a zombies and the botnet itself may be referred to as a zombie army.

  • disaster recovery plan (DRP)

    A company's disaster recovery policy is enhanced with a documented DR plan that formulates strategies, and outlines preparation work and testing.

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Security threats and countermeasures

Terms related to security threats, including definitions about anti-virus programs or firewalls and words and phrases about malware, viruses, Trojans and other security attacks.

  • command-and-control servers (C&C center)

    Command and control servers (C&C servers) are computers that issue commands to members of a botnet. Botnet members may be referred to a zombies and the botnet itself may be referred to as a zombie army.

  • disaster recovery plan (DRP)

    A company's disaster recovery policy is enhanced with a documented DR plan that formulates strategies, and outlines preparation work and testing.

  • memory dump attack

    A memory dump attack is the capture and use of RAM content that was written to a storage drive during an unrecoverable error, which was typically triggered by the attacker.

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Spyware

Terms related to spyware, including definitions about malware and words and phrases about online advertising, adware and online privacy.

  • voice authentication

    Voice authentication is a biometric method of speaker recognition based on measuring the distinctions in individual voices to uniquely identify users.

  • malware (malicious software)

    Malware is software that is harmful to users or their computing systems. Find out about the different kinds of malware and what they can do.

  • spyware

    Spyware is software that is installed on a computing device without the user's knowledge or permission.

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SearchCompliance

  • cyborg anthropologist

    A cyborg anthropologist is an individual who studies the interaction between humans and technology, observing how technology can ...

  • RegTech

    RegTech, or regulatory technology, is a term used to describe technology that is used to help streamline the process of ...

  • conduct risk

    Conduct risk is the prospect of financial loss to an organization that is caused by the actions of an organization's ...

SearchSecurity

  • insider threat

    An insider threat is a malicious hacker (also called a cracker or a black hat) who is an employee or officer of a business, ...

  • virus (computer virus)

    A computer virus is malicious code that replicates by copying itself to another program, computer boot sector or document.

  • two-factor authentication (2FA)

    Two-factor authentication (2FA), often referred to as two-step verification, is a security process in which the user provides two...

SearchHealthIT

  • HIPAA Privacy Rule

    The Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, commonly known as the HIPAA Privacy Rule, establishes ...

  • HIPAA business associate agreement (BAA)

    Under the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, a HIPAA business associate agreement (BAA) is a ...

  • telemedicine

    Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • disaster recovery plan (DRP)

    A company's disaster recovery policy is enhanced with a documented DR plan that formulates strategies, and outlines preparation ...

  • fault-tolerant

    Systems with integrated fault tolerance are designed to withstand multiple hardware failures to ensure continuous availability.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery strategies are critical, as many businesses fail following an unforeseen event. DR may require an internal or ...

SearchStorage

  • Secure Digital card (SD card)

    SD cards use flash memory to provide nonvolatile storage. They are more rugged than traditional storage media and are used in ...

  • data storage

    In a computer, storage is the place where data is held in an electromagnetic or optical form for access by a computer processor.

  • flash storage

    Flash-based storage, based on flash memory, is used for data repositories, storage systems and consumer devices, such as USB ...

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • flash file system

    Flash file systems are designed specifically for memory devices. A well-designed flash device and flash file system ensure ...

  • IOPS (input/output operations per second)

    IOPS measures the maximum number of reads and writes to non-contiguous storage. It is not an actual benchmark since vendor ...

  • eMMC (embedded MultiMediaCard)

    An embedded MultiMediaCard (eMMC) is a small storage device made up of NAND flash memory and a simple storage controller.

SearchCloudStorage

  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

  • Zadara VPSA and ZIOS

    Zadara Storage provides block, file or object storage with varying levels of compute and capacity through its ZIOS and VPSA ...

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