Browse Definitions:
Reference

Learning Path: Computer Details

MICROPROCESSORS...microprocessor - Pentium - PowerPC - G3 - Alpha - RISC - CISC - AMD - K6 - K7 - Cyrix - Celeron - Xeon - NeXT - Pentium III - register - clock speed - oscillator - processor serial number (PSN) - very long instruction word (VLIW) - no op - pipeline burst cache

MOTHERBOARDS AND DATA BUSES...chassis - motherboard - mobo - bus - adapter - card - daughterboard - ZIF socket - Socket 7 - Slot and Slot 2 - PCI

MEMORY...A RAM Guide - memory - RAM - ROM - EPROM - EEPROM - cache - cache memory - level-1 and level-2 cache - nonvolatile memory - flash memory - static RAM (SRAM) - BSRAM - dynamic RAM (DRAM) - Fast Page Mode DRAM - Extended Data Out RAM - EDO DRAM - Burst EDO DRAM - Enhanced DRAM - synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) - JEDEC SDRAM - PC100 SDRAM - Double Data Rate SDRAM - Enhanced Synchronous DRAM (ESDRAM) - Direct Rambus DRAM - SyncLink DRAM - video RAM - RAMDAC - Synchronous Graphics RAM (SGRAM) - Window RAM (WRAM) - Multibank DRAM (MDRAM) - Rambus DRAM (RDRAM) - cycle time - access time - CAS - RAS - smartcard - PRAM - memory leak - ferroelectric RAM (FRAM) - pipeline burst cache

HARD DISK, DISKETTE, AND CD-ROM...diskette - hard disk - IDE - EIDE - S.M.A.R.T. - FAT and FAT32 - VFAT - CD-ROM - access time - Zip drive - COLD

INPUT/OUTPUT DEVICES AND PORTS...keyboard - mouse - touch pad - trackball - stylus - port - parallel - serial - EPP/ECP - TTY - SCSI - FireWire (1394) - Universal Serial Bus (USB) - plug-and-play (PnP) - ESCD - Fibre Channel

DISPLAY AND VIDEO TECHNOLOGY...display - screen - panel - monitor - VDT - cathode ray tube (CRT) - liquid crystal display (LCD) - TFT - field emission display - dot pitch - pixel - ppi - resolution - dots per inch - display modes (CGA, EGA, VGA, XGA, and SVGA) - raster - raster graphics - vector graphics - raster image processor - interlaced and non-interlaced display - image - imaging - bit map - window - windowing system - X Window System - render - cursor - Roentgen - 3270 - video adapter - video RAM - graphics accelerator - Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) - Zoomed Video port (ZV port) - 3-D - VRML - DVD - Divx - HDTV - degauss - jitter - screen capture - show control

PRINTERS...printer - laser printer - Centronics parallel interface - IEEE 1284 standard - character - font - typeface - glyph - Postscript - PCL - OpenType - Advanced Function Printing (AFP) - EMF and raw files - TTY

AUDIO...INTRODUCTION TO AUDIO  - audio and audio card - audio frequency (AF) - analog - decibel - dynamic range - audio noise - white noise and pink noise - acoustic coupler - sample rate - bit depth - AIFF - Wave file - wavetable - MIDI - SMF - MPEG - MPEG standards - MP3 - ripper - encoder - frame rate - RealAudio - a2b - S/PDIF - AES/EBU - DAT - digital workstation (DAW) - ADAT - sequencer - talkback - ASIO - SDII - flanging - jam sync - reverb - phaser - vocoder - jitter - audio modem riser (AMR)

View other topics for self-study by visiting our Guide to the Learning Paths.

This was last updated in November 2010

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • PCAOB (Public Company Accounting Oversight Board)

    The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) is a Congressionally-established nonprofit that assesses audits of public ...

  • cyborg anthropologist

    A cyborg anthropologist is an individual who studies the interaction between humans and technology, observing how technology can ...

  • RegTech

    RegTech, or regulatory technology, is a term used to describe technology that is used to help streamline the process of ...

SearchSecurity

  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

    The Advanced Encryption Standard, or AES, is a symmetric block cipher used by the U.S. government to protect classified ...

  • identity theft

    Identity theft, also known as identity fraud, is a crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of personally identifiable ...

  • spear phishing

    Spear phishing is an email-spoofing attack that targets a specific organization or individual, seeking unauthorized access to ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • call tree

    A call tree -- sometimes referred to as a phone tree -- is a telecommunications chain for notifying specific individuals of an ...

  • mass notification system (MNS)

    A mass notification system is a platform that sends one-way messages to inform employees and the public of an emergency.

  • disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS)

    One approach to a strong disaster recovery plan is DRaaS, where companies offload data replication and restoration ...

SearchStorage

  • CIFS (Common Internet File System)

    CIFS (Common Internet File System) is a protocol that gained popularity around the year 2000, as vendors worked to establish an ...

  • GlusterFS (Gluster File System)

    GlusterFS (Gluster File System) is an open source distributed file system that can scale out in building-block fashion to store ...

  • virtual memory

    Virtual memory is a memory management capability of an OS that allows a computer to compensate for physical memory shortages by ...

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • Tier 0

    Tier 0 (tier zero) is a level of data storage that is faster, and perhaps more expensive, than any other level in the storage ...

  • PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive)

    A PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive) is a high-speed expansion card that attaches a computer to its peripherals.

  • SSD caching

    SSD caching, also known as flash caching, is the temporary storage of data on NAND flash memory chips in a solid-state drive so ...

SearchCloudStorage

  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

  • Zadara VPSA and ZIOS

    Zadara Storage provides block, file or object storage with varying levels of compute and capacity through its ZIOS and VPSA ...

Close