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Object Storage Glossary - Words2Go

File systems have been a key technology for decades, but we're quickly reaching the point where we have so much data that it doesn't make sense to tie data to a specific disk drive attached to a specific path name anymore -- and that’s why we think you’ll need to keep the term object storage on your radar screen.

This short video provides a quick overview of object storage.

Object Storage Glossary – Words2Go

address - the beginning location of a sequence of data that is stored on some electronic storage medium.

application program interface (API) - the specific method an application program uses to make requests of the operating system or another application.

block - a sequence of bits or bytes that is moved or stored as a solid uninterrupted unit of data.

bucket - a named container for objects.

cache coherency - ensures that changes in the values of shared data are propagated throughout the system in a timely fashion.

cloud archive - a storage procurement model in which data that no longer needs to be accessed on a regular basis is maintained and backed up remotely by a cloud storage service provider.

cloud storage - a service model in which data is maintained, managed and backed up remotely and made available to users over a network (typically the Internet)

content-addressed storage (CAS) - a method of providing fast access to fixed content (data that is not expected to be updated) by assigning it a permanent place on disk.

hyperscale storage - the storage of vast quantities of information in an architecture capable of increasing in size rapidly, efficiently and indefinitely.

instance – a virtual machine running in the cloud.

input-output-operations-per-second (IOPS) - the standard unit of measurement for the maximum number of reads and writes to non-contiguous storage locations.

latency - how much time it takes for a packet of data to get from one designated point to another.

metadata - data that describes other data.

object - a discrete unit of storage.

object storage - describes an approach to addressing and manipulating discrete units of storage called objects.

object-based storage devices (OBSD) - a computer storage device that organizes data into flexible-sized data containers called objects.

remote object storage (ROS) - generic term describing cloud storage services for static files

storage capacity planning - the practice of assessing and forecasting future storage requirements so that just enough disk space can be purchased to meet the needs of users and applications.

storage container – a synonym for storage repository.

storage pool – a centralized storage repository.

unstructured data – describes textual and non-textual data that is not in a database.

 

This was last updated in April 2013

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