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Creating PowerShell scripts for task automation

At a certain point, administrators who run PowerShell commands from the console will find it more efficient to develop a script that does not require manual intervention.

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Browse Windows Server Topics

Career development

Windows system administrators need access to resources that build their technical capabilities, whether their focus is data center resource management or cloud administration. IT career development articles also cover automation, such as how to use PowerShell to operate Microsoft Exchange.

Recent Definitions

  • enterprise content management (ECM)

    Enterprise content management (ECM) is a set of defined processes, strategies and tools that allow a business to effectively obtain, organize, store and deliver critical information to its employees, business stakeholders and customers.

  • AutoRun

    AutoRun is a feature of the Windows operating system that causes predetermined actions when certain media is inserted. Common media types that trigger AutoRun actions include CDs, DVDs and USB storage devices.

  • Microsoft Windows Subsystem for Linux

    Microsoft Windows Subsystem for Linux is a series of Microsoft components that allow native Linux 64-bit Executable and Linkable Format (ELF64) binaries to run on the Windows kernel in the Windows 10 operating system.


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Active Directory

What is Active Directory? It's a Microsoft technology designed for use in Windows environments to perform a variety of services, including Kerberos-based authentication, policy assignment, software deployment and directory services. This Active Directory topic page provides tips on how Active Directory works, with information on scripting, domain name system (DNS), Group Policy, disaster recovery, LDAP and more. Our content is intended to help Windows administrators gain a better understanding of Active Directory for Windows Server 2003,Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 8, with details on new features such as the read-only domain controller (RODC), Restartable Active Directory and fine-grained password policies.

Recent Definitions

  • Active Directory functional levels

    Active Directory functional levels are controls that specify which advanced Active Directory domain features can be used in an enterprise domain. The enterprise domain is usually comprised of domain controllers that run on different versions of the Windows Server operating system.

  • Microsoft Group Policy administrative template

    A Microsoft Group Policy administrative template is a file that supports the implementation of Microsoft Windows Group Policy and centralized user and machine management in Active Directory environments.

  • Microsoft Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT)

    The Microsoft Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT) is a tool used to move Active Directory objects from one Windows Server Active Directory domain or forest to another.


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Enterprise IT Management

With the evolving landscape of Windows technologies, the role of an IT manager can be overwhelming. This Windows enterprise IT management section offers guidance on topics such as managing your infrastructure, Windows servers and operating systems and also offers resources on Microsoft server virtualization and desktop virtualization management. </p> <p>This section also covers key Windows enterprise infrastructure topics such as compliance and change management and useful tips on Microsoft Active Directory design and administration. Whether you're running Microsoft Windows Vista, XP or Windows 7, we offer news and tips and how-tos on managing your Windows operating system, along with the latest on virtual desktop management and virtualization with Hyper-V.

Recent Definitions

  • Microsoft Windows Insider Program for Business

    Microsoft Windows Insider Program for Business is a service for IT professionals who want to test preview builds of Windows 10 and Windows Server in the enterprise before general availability.

  • Windows as a service

    Windows as a service is the approach Microsoft introduced with Windows 10 to deploy, update and service the operating system.

  • desktop

    A desktop is a computer display area that represents the kinds of objects one might find on top of a physical desk, including documents, phone books, telephones, reference sources, writing and drawing tools, and project folders.


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Microsoft SharePoint

SharePoint is a portal-based platform for collaboration, electronic content management, workflow and business intelligence processes and application development. This section offers news, tips and tutorials on SharePoint governance, management and implementation to help IT managers configure, deploy and administer Windows SharePoint Server and Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007. Topics include SharePoint security, enterprise search and third-party tools.

Recent Definitions

  • Microsoft SharePoint Online

    Microsoft SharePoint Online is a collection of cloud- and web-based technologies that makes it easy to store, share and manage digital information within an organization.

  • SharePoint 2013 Design Manager snippet

    A SharePoint 2013 Design Manager snippet is HTML markup that can be copied and pasted into a SharePoint Master Page Design file.

  • problem management

    Problem management, in information technology, is a process aimed at resolving incidents and problems caused by end-user errors or IT infrastructure issues, and preventing recurrence of such incidents.


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Microsoft Windows Hardware Management

Hardware considerations play a major role in administering a Windows enterprise. The appropriate PC and storage hardware can change depending on which Windows operating system you are running. Windows 7, Windows XP and Windows Vista have different hardware requirements, but how do you find the right level of compatibility? The Microsoft Windows Hardware Management topic section offers Windows hardware news, tips and more to help in building a solid Windows infrastructure. Whether you are dealing with Windows storage hardware issues such as disk arrays and USBs, or you have questions about Windows multi-core processors, these pages have you covered. In addition, for those looking for the hottest new notebook and laptop computers for Windows enterprises, check out our series of reviews from for all the latest on remote desktop hardware.

Recent Definitions

  • server

    A server is a computer program that provides a service to another computer programs (and its user). In a data center, the physical computer that a server program runs in is also frequently referred to as a server. That machine may be a dedicated server or it may be used for other purposes as well.

  • Windows Server Core

    Windows Server Core is a minimal installation option for the Windows Server operating system (OS) that has no GUI and only includes the components required to perform server roles and run applications.

  • PowerShell

    PowerShell is an object-oriented automation engine and scripting language with an interactive command-line shell that Microsoft developed to help IT professionals configure systems and automate administrative tasks.


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Microsoft Windows Server Management

Administrators responsible for Windows server management need to be aware of the shortcuts and workarounds that can help maintain the performance of those Windows servers. Microsoft has released several versions of its server enterprise operating systems, including Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008. No matter which Windows Server your company uses, we've got you covered. This topic section provides the best Windows Server tutorials and advice for all aspects of sever management, ranging from remote server management and Active Directory to Windows server clustering and consolidation. You'll also find the latest news on Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 8, plus the hottest new server management tools for Windows enterprises.

Recent Definitions

  • Microsoft Project Honolulu

    Microsoft Project Honolulu is a web-based Windows Server management app with an HTML5 interface that uses PowerShell for administrative tasks.

  • Microsoft Windows Server OS (operating system)

    Microsoft Windows Server OS (operating system) is a series of enterprise-class server operating systems designed to share services with multiple users and provide extensive administrative control of data storage, applications and corporate networks.

  • Linux Secure Boot

    Linux Secure Boot is a feature in Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 that allows some Linux distributions to boot under Hyper-V as Generation 2 virtual machines.


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Microsoft Windows Storage Management

Storage is one of the chief concerns for Windows systems administrators. This page offers some of the best storage management information for Windows environments. Here you'll find expert technical advice for data backup, plus tips dealing with data restoration and disaster recovery for Windows. Networked storage is also covered in detail, with an extensive library of articles on managing Windows storage area networks (SAN) and network-attached storage (NAS) devices. You will also find details on the latest tools for Windows storage, including Microsoft utilities such as the iSCSI Initiator for Windows Server 2008.

Recent Definitions

  • Windows Server Core

    Windows Server Core is a minimal installation option for the Windows Server operating system (OS) that has no GUI and only includes the components required to perform server roles and run applications.

  • Internet Information Services (IIS)

    Internet Information Services (IIS) is a flexible, general-purpose web server from Microsoft that runs on Windows systems to serve requested HTML pages or files.

  • Microsoft Cluster Operating System (OS) Rolling Upgrade

    Microsoft Cluster Operating System (OS) Rolling Upgrade is a feature that keeps Hyper-V virtual machines (VMs) or Scale-Out File Server workloads running during an upgrade from a Windows Server 2012 R2 cluster to a Windows Server 2016 cluster.


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Microsoft Windows Systems and Network Management

Part of being a Windows systems or network administrator means staying up-to-date on all the latest software and technologies. The systems and network management topic section provides administrators with the latest tools, news and advice for proper administration of a Windows enterprise. In addition to tips and tricks for Windows file management and network monitoring software, systems and network administrators will also find the latest expert advice on working with System Center, Microsoft's systems management product suite, and the company's Windows PowerShell scripting language.

Recent Definitions


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Windows Server Operating Systems and Microsoft Applications

Naturally, the cornerstone of any Windows environment is the operating system. This topic page features news, tutorials, FAQs and more on working with the major server operating system releases from Microsoft, including Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 8. Here you'll find information on a variety of concepts unique to Microsoft Windows Server operating systems, including troubleshooting tips and how-to articles. In addition to OS info, this page also provides resources for those working with popular Microsoft applications such as Exchange Server, SQL Server and Internet Information Services (IIS).

Recent Definitions

  • Windows Server Core

    Windows Server Core is a minimal installation option for the Windows Server operating system (OS) that has no GUI and only includes the components required to perform server roles and run applications.

  • Microsoft Azure Stack

    Microsoft Azure Stack is an integrated platform of hardware and software that delivers Microsoft Azure public cloud services in a local data center to let organizations construct hybrid clouds.

  • Microsoft Exchange Server

    Microsoft Exchange Server is Microsoft's email, calendaring, contact, scheduling and collaboration platform deployed on the Windows Server operating system for use within a business or larger enterprise.


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  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

  • pure risk (absolute risk)

    Pure risk, also called absolute risk, is a category of threat that is beyond human control and has only one possible outcome if ...


  • cloud ecosystem

    A cloud ecosystem is a complex system of interdependent components that all work together to enable cloud services.

  • cloud services

    Cloud services is an umbrella term that may refer to a variety of resources provided over the internet, or to professional ...

  • uncloud (de-cloud)

    The term uncloud describes the action or process of removing applications and data from a cloud computing platform.


  • federated identity management (FIM)

    Federated identity management (FIM) is an arrangement that can be made among multiple enterprises to let subscribers use the same...

  • cross-site scripting (XSS)

    Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of injection security attack in which an attacker injects data, such as a malicious script, ...

  • firewall

    In computing, a firewall is software or firmware that enforces a set of rules about what data packets will be allowed to enter or...




  • bad block

    A bad block is an area of storage media that is no longer reliable for storing and retrieving data because it has been physically...

  • all-flash array (AFA)

    An all-flash array (AFA), also known as a solid-state storage disk system, is an external storage array that uses only flash ...

  • volume manager

    A volume manager is software within an operating system (OS) that controls capacity allocation for storage arrays.


  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.