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Set PowerShell execution policy based on your needs

Scripts to automate workflows and other procedures can be a boon to the IT staff, but there may be situations where it makes sense to adjust the PowerShell execution policy.

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Browse Windows Server Topics

Career Development

Managing your IT career and staying competitive in the Windows job market can be just as daunting as managing your Windows environment. Whether you're in charge of a Windows shop or just entering the field, has all the resources you need on developing Windows expertise and IT career development.

This section offers news, tips and how-to advice on topics such as Microsoft career and staff development, expanding Windows skills, and the latest on IT management training courses and Microsoft certification, including Microsoft's MVP, MSCA and MSCE certifications.

Recent Definitions

  • AutoRun

    AutoRun is a feature of the Windows operating system that causes predetermined actions when certain media is inserted. Common media types that trigger AutoRun actions include CDs, DVDs and USB storage devices.

  • Microsoft Windows Subsystem for Linux

    Microsoft Windows Subsystem for Linux is a series of Microsoft components that allow native Linux 64-bit Executable and Linkable Format (ELF64) binaries to run on the Windows kernel in the Windows 10 operating system.

  • MCITP (Microsoft Certified IT Professional)

    An MCITP (Microsoft Certified IT Professional) is a credential that proves that an individual has a complete set of skills required to perform a particular IT job role, such as enterprise or virtualization administrator.


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Active Directory

What is Active Directory? It's a Microsoft technology designed for use in Windows environments to perform a variety of services, including Kerberos-based authentication, policy assignment, software deployment and directory services. This Active Directory topic page provides tips on how Active Directory works, with information on scripting, domain name system (DNS), Group Policy, disaster recovery, LDAP and more. Our content is intended to help Windows administrators gain a better understanding of Active Directory for Windows Server 2003,Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 8, with details on new features such as the read-only domain controller (RODC), Restartable Active Directory and fine-grained password policies.

Recent Definitions

  • Microsoft Group Policy administrative template

    A Microsoft Group Policy administrative template is a file that supports the implementation of Microsoft Windows Group Policy and centralized user and machine management in Active Directory environments.

  • Microsoft Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT)

    The Microsoft Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT) is a tool used to move Active Directory objects from one Windows Server Active Directory domain or forest to another.

  • recursive DNS server

    A recursive DNS server is a domain name system server that takes website name or URL (uniform resource locator) requests from users and checks the records attained from authoritative DNS servers for the associated IP address.


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Enterprise IT Management

With the evolving landscape of Windows technologies, the role of an IT manager can be overwhelming. This Windows enterprise IT management section offers guidance on topics such as managing your infrastructure, Windows servers and operating systems and also offers resources on Microsoft server virtualization and desktop virtualization management.

This section also covers key Windows enterprise infrastructure topics such as compliance and change management and useful tips on Microsoft Active Directory design and administration. Whether you're running Microsoft Windows Vista, XP or Windows 7, we offer news and tips and how-tos on managing your Windows operating system, along with the latest on virtual desktop management and virtualization with Hyper-V.

Recent Definitions

  • memory dump

    A memory dump is the process of taking all information content in RAM and writing it to a storage drive. Developers commonly use memory dumps to gather diagnostic information at the time of a crash to help them troubleshoot issues and learn more about the event.

  • operating system (OS)

    An operating system (sometimes abbreviated as "OS") is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all the other programs in a computer.

  • AutoRun

    AutoRun is a feature of the Windows operating system that causes predetermined actions when certain media is inserted. Common media types that trigger AutoRun actions include CDs, DVDs and USB storage devices.


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Microsoft SharePoint

SharePoint is a portal-based platform for collaboration, electronic content management, workflow and business intelligence processes and application development. This section offers news, tips and tutorials on SharePoint governance, management and implementation to help IT managers configure, deploy and administer Windows SharePoint Server and Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007. Topics include SharePoint security, enterprise search and third-party tools.

Recent Definitions

  • Microsoft SharePoint Online

    Microsoft SharePoint Online is a collection of cloud- and web-based technologies that makes it easy to store, share and manage digital information within an organization.

  • SharePoint 2013 Design Manager snippet

    A SharePoint 2013 Design Manager snippet is HTML markup that can be copied and pasted into a SharePoint Master Page Design file.

  • problem management

    Problem management, in information technology, is a process aimed at resolving incidents and problems caused by end-user errors or IT infrastructure issues, and preventing recurrence of such incidents.


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Microsoft Windows Hardware Management

Hardware considerations play a major role in administering a Windows enterprise. The appropriate PC and storage hardware can change depending on which Windows operating system you are running. Windows 7, Windows XP and Windows Vista have different hardware requirements, but how do you find the right level of compatibility? The Microsoft Windows Hardware Management topic section offers Windows hardware news, tips and more to help in building a solid Windows infrastructure. Whether you are dealing with Windows storage hardware issues such as disk arrays and USBs, or you have questions about Windows multi-core processors, these pages have you covered. In addition, for those looking for the hottest new notebook and laptop computers for Windows enterprises, check out our series of reviews from for all the latest on remote desktop hardware.

Recent Definitions

  • server

    A server is a computer program that provides services to other computer programs (and their users) in the same or other computers. A dedicated computer may also be referred to as a server.

  • USB 3.0 (SuperSpeed USB)

    USB 3.0, also known as SuperSpeed USB, is the next major revision of the Universal Serial Bus (USB).

  • PowerShell

    PowerShell is a command line shell and scripting language for Microsoft Windows that allows users to control system administration and automate batch processing. (Continued...)


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Microsoft Windows Server Management

Administrators responsible for Windows server management need to be aware of the shortcuts and workarounds that can help maintain the performance of those Windows servers. Microsoft has released several versions of its server enterprise operating systems, including Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008. No matter which Windows Server your company uses, we've got you covered. This topic section provides the best Windows Server tutorials and advice for all aspects of sever management, ranging from remote server management and Active Directory to Windows server clustering and consolidation. You'll also find the latest news on Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 8, plus the hottest new server management tools for Windows enterprises.

Recent Definitions

  • Microsoft Monitoring Agent

    The Microsoft Monitoring Agent is a service used to watch and report on application and system health on a Windows computer.

  • Microsoft Failover Cluster Manager (MSFCM)

    Microsoft Failover Cluster Manager (MSFCM) is a specific management function within the Windows Server operating system which is used to create, validate, and manage failover server clusters running Windows Server.

  • Microsoft Storage QoS (Storage Quality of Service)

    Microsoft Storage QoS (Storage Quality of Service) is a feature for monitoring and managing the performance of storage resources allocated to individual virtual machines (VMs) running on Hyper-V and scale-out file servers or cluster shared volumes.


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Microsoft Windows Storage Management

Storage is one of the chief concerns for Windows systems administrators. This page offers some of the best storage management information for Windows environments. Here you'll find expert technical advice for data backup, plus tips dealing with data restoration and disaster recovery for Windows. Networked storage is also covered in detail, with an extensive library of articles on managing Windows storage area networks (SAN) and network-attached storage (NAS) devices. You will also find details on the latest tools for Windows storage, including Microsoft utilities such as the iSCSI Initiator for Windows Server 2008.

Recent Definitions

  • Microsoft Cluster Operating System (OS) Rolling Upgrade

    Microsoft Cluster Operating System (OS) Rolling Upgrade is a feature that keeps Hyper-V virtual machines (VMs) or Scale-Out File Server workloads running during an upgrade from a Windows Server 2012 R2 cluster to a Windows Server 2016 cluster.

  • Microsoft Scale-Out File Server

    Microsoft Scale-Out File Server is an active-active clustered file server feature based on Server Message Block (SMB) 3.0 to provide continuous availability of file shares in Windows Server.

  • Microsoft Storage Spaces Direct

    Microsoft Storage Spaces Direct is a feature in Windows Server 2016 that uses local server storage to build highly available and scalable software-defined storage systems for Hyper-V virtual machines.


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Microsoft Windows Systems and Network Management

Part of being a Windows systems or network administrator means staying up-to-date on all the latest software and technologies. The systems and network management topic section provides administrators with the latest tools, news and advice for proper administration of a Windows enterprise. In addition to tips and tricks for Windows file management and network monitoring software, systems and network administrators will also find the latest expert advice on working with System Center, Microsoft's systems management product suite, and the company's Windows PowerShell scripting language.

Recent Definitions

  • Microsoft Online Services Sign-In Assistant

    The Microsoft Online Services Sign-In Assistant is a software application that provides common sign-on capabilities for a suite of Microsoft online services, such as Office 365.

  • Microsoft Windows Features on Demand

    Microsoft Windows Features on Demand is a feature that allows system administrators to add or remove roles and features in Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, and later versions of the client and server operating system to alter the file size of those operating systems.

  • Microsoft Windows Server Datacenter Abstraction Layer (DAL)

    The Microsoft Windows Server Datacenter Abstraction Layer (DAL) is a software framework intended to enable consistent monitoring and management of hardware found in the typical data center environment.


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Windows Server Operating Systems and Microsoft Applications

Naturally, the cornerstone of any Windows environment is the operating system. This topic page features news, tutorials, FAQs and more on working with the major server operating system releases from Microsoft, including Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 8. Here you'll find information on a variety of concepts unique to Microsoft Windows Server operating systems, including troubleshooting tips and how-to articles. In addition to OS info, this page also provides resources for those working with popular Microsoft applications such as Exchange Server, SQL Server and Internet Information Services (IIS).

Recent Definitions

  • configuration drift

    Configuration drift occurs naturally in data center environments when changes to software and hardware are not recorded or tracked in a comprehensive and systematic fashion.

  • Microsoft Operations Management Suite

    The Microsoft Operations Management Suite is a software as a service offering that allows an administrator to manage on-premises and cloud assets from one console. Microsoft OMS handles log analytics, IT automation, backup and recovery, and security and compliance tasks.

  • Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute

    Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute is a service that provides a private connection between an organization's on-premises infrastructure and Microsoft's Azure data centers.


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  • PCAOB (Public Company Accounting Oversight Board)

    The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) is a Congressionally-established nonprofit that assesses audits of public ...

  • cyborg anthropologist

    A cyborg anthropologist is an individual who studies the interaction between humans and technology, observing how technology can ...

  • RegTech

    RegTech, or regulatory technology, is a term used to describe technology that is used to help streamline the process of ...


  • email spam

    Email spam, or junk email, is unsolicited bulk messages sent through email with commercial, fraudulent or malicious intent.

  • distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack

    A distributed denial-of-service attack occurs when an attack originates from multiple computers or devices, usually from multiple...

  • application whitelisting

    Application whitelisting is the practice of identifying applications that have been deemed safe for execution and restricting all...


  • athenahealth Inc.

    Based in Watertown, Mass., athenahealth Inc. is a leading vendor of cloud-based EHRs for small to medium-sized physician ...

  • Affordable Care Act (ACA or Obamacare)

    The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is legislation passed in 2010 that changed how uninsured Americans enroll in and receive healthcare...

  • HIPAA Privacy Rule

    The Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, commonly known as the HIPAA Privacy Rule, establishes ...


  • disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS)

    One approach to a strong disaster recovery plan is DRaaS, where companies offload data replication and restoration ...

  • data recovery

    Data recovery restores data that has been lost, accidentally deleted, corrupted or made inaccessible. Learn how data recovery ...

  • disaster recovery plan (DRP)

    A company's disaster recovery policy is enhanced with a documented DR plan that formulates strategies, and outlines preparation ...


  • yottabyte (YB)

    A yottabyte is a measure of theoretical storage capacity and is 2 to the 80th power bytes, or, in decimal, approximately 1,000 ...

  • Kilo, mega, giga, tera, peta, exa, zetta and all that

    Kilo, mega, giga, tera, peta, exa, zetta are among the list of prefixes used to denote the quantity of something, such as a byte ...

  • brontobyte

    A brontobyte is a measure of memory or data storage that is equal to 10 to the 27th power of bytes.


  • SSD caching

    SSD caching, also known as flash caching, is the temporary storage of data on NAND flash memory chips in a solid-state drive so ...

  • NVDIMM (Non-Volatile Dual In-line Memory Module)

    An NVDIMM (non-volatile dual in-line memory module) is hybrid computer memory that retains data during a service outage.

  • NAND mirroring

    NAND mirroring has been proposed to break the security in certain portable devices that use NAND flash memory for encryption.


  • RESTful API

    A RESTful application program interface breaks down a transaction to create a series of small modules, each of which addresses an...

  • cloud storage infrastructure

    Cloud storage infrastructure is the hardware and software framework that supports the computing requirements of a private or ...

  • Zadara VPSA and ZIOS

    Zadara Storage provides block, file or object storage with varying levels of compute and capacity through its ZIOS and VPSA ...