Browse Definitions :
Definition

Bayesian filter

Contributor(s): William Burdick

A Bayesian filter is a program that uses Bayesian logic , also called Bayesian analysis, to evaluate the header and content of an incoming e-mail message and determine the probability that it constitutes spam . Bayesian logic is an extension of the work of the 18th-century English mathematician Thomas Bayes.

Bayesian filters aren't perfect, but because spam characteristically contains certain types of text, such a program can be amazingly effective when it is fine-tuned over a period of time. A Bayesian filter works by categorizing e-mail into groups such as "trusted" and "suspect," based on a probability number (ranging from 0 or 0% to 1 or 100%). The categories are defined according to user preference.

Spammers are constantly trying to invent new ways to defeat spam filters. Certain words, commonly identified as characteristic of spam, can be altered by the insertion of symbols such as periods, or by the use of nonstandard but readable characters such as Â, Ç, Ë, or Í. But as the user instructs a Bayesian filter to quarantine or delete certain messages, the filter incorporates this data into its future actions. Thus a Bayesian filter improves with time, so it becomes more likely to block spam without also blocking desired messages.

Bayesian filters are best used in conjunction with anti-virus program s. Malicious viruses or worm s can occasionally appear as attachments to e-mail messages, even from trusted sources.

This was last updated in September 2005

Continue Reading About Bayesian filter

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

SearchCompliance

  • smart contract

    A smart contract, also known as a cryptocontract, is a computer program that directly controls the transfer of digital currencies...

  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

  • Health IT (health information technology)

    Health IT (health information technology) is the area of IT involving the design, development, creation, use and maintenance of ...

  • fee-for-service (FFS)

    Fee-for-service (FFS) is a payment model in which doctors, hospitals, and medical practices charge separately for each service ...

  • biomedical informatics

    Biomedical informatics is the branch of health informatics that uses data to help clinicians, researchers and scientists improve ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a data center.

  • ransomware recovery

    Ransomware recovery is the process of resuming options following a cyberattack that demands payment in exchange for unlocking ...

  • natural disaster recovery

    Natural disaster recovery is the process of recovering data and resuming business operations following a natural disaster.

SearchStorage

  • RAID 5

    RAID 5 is a redundant array of independent disks configuration that uses disk striping with parity.

  • non-volatile storage (NVS)

    Non-volatile storage (NVS) is a broad collection of technologies and devices that do not require a continuous power supply to ...

  • petabyte

    A petabyte is a measure of memory or data storage capacity that is equal to 2 to the 50th power of bytes.

Close