Browse Definitions :
Definition

DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC)

DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) are a set of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standards created to address vulnerabilities in the Domain Name System (DNS) and protect it from online threats. The purpose of DNSSEC is to increase the security of the Internet as a whole by addressing DNS security weaknesses. Essentially, DNSSEC adds authentication to DNS to make the system more secure.  

The Domain Name System manages Internet navigation by locating domain names and mapping them to IP addresses. DNS, as originally designed, has no means of determining whether domain name data comes from the authorized domain owner or has been forged. This security weakness leaves the system vulnerable to a number of attacks, such as DNS cache poisoning, for example. 

In a DNS cache poisoning attack, an intruder replaces a valid IP address cached in a DNS table with a rogue address. Requests for the valid address are redirected accordingly, and malware -- such as a worm, spyware or browser hijacker -- may be downloaded to the user's computer from the rogue location. DNSSEC employs cryptographic keys and digital signatures to ensure that lookup data is correct and that connections are to legitimate servers.

The core elements of DNSSEC were specified in three IETF Requests for Comments published in March 2005: RFC 4033 - DNS Security Introduction and Requirements, RFC 4034 - Resource Records for the DNS Security Extensions, and RFC 4035 - Protocol Modifications for the DNS Security Extensions.

DNSSEC implementation is somewhat complex and is on a voluntary basis. As a result, adoption has been slow. In the United States, the federal government has mandated DNSSEC implementation for government networks. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the General Services Administration (GSA) have implemented the standards within the top level dot.gov domain. However, most individual agencies have yet to meet the mandate for second-level domains.

DNSSEC is offered as a managed service; DNSSEC appliances that automate the process are also available from some  vendors.

This was last updated in January 2016

Continue Reading About DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC)

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

SearchCompliance

  • regulatory compliance

    Regulatory compliance is an organization's adherence to laws, regulations, guidelines and specifications relevant to its business...

  • Whistleblower Protection Act

    The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 is a law that protects federal government employees in the United States from ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract, also known as a cryptocontract, is a computer program that directly controls the transfer of digital currencies...

SearchSecurity

  • RSA algorithm (Rivest-Shamir-Adleman)

    The RSA algorithm is the basis of a cryptosystem -- a suite of cryptographic algorithms that are used for specific security ...

  • remote access

    Remote access is the ability to access a computer or a network remotely through a network connection.

  • IP Spoofing

    IP spoofing is the crafting of Internet Protocol (IP) packets with a source IP address that has been modified to impersonate ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • virtual disaster recovery

    Virtual disaster recovery is a type of DR that typically involves replication and allows a user to fail over to virtualized ...

  • tabletop exercise (TTX)

    A tabletop exercise (TTX) is a disaster preparedness activity that takes participants through the process of dealing with a ...

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a data center.

SearchStorage

  • disk array

    A disk array, also called a storage array, is a data storage system used for block-based storage, file-based storage or object ...

  • enterprise storage

    Enterprise storage is a centralized repository for business information that provides common data management, protection and data...

  • optical storage

    Optical storage is any storage type in which data is written and read with a laser. Typically, data is written to optical media, ...

Close