Browse Definitions :
Definition

Driver's Privacy Protection Act (DPPA)

The Driver's Privacy Protection Act (DPPA) is a United States federal law designed to protect the personal identifiable information (PII) of licensed drivers from improper use or disclosure. Congress passed the DPPA in 1994 in response to complaints that state agencies were selling drivers’ information to direct marketing and auto insurance companies to augment revenue.

The DPPA requires all states to safeguard the privacy of personal information in an individual's motor vehicle record, including the driver's name, address, phone number, Social Security number, driver identification number, photograph, height, weight, gender, age, certain medical or disability information and, in some states, fingerprints. The DPPA makes it illegal to obtain driver information for unlawful purposes or to make false representations to obtain such information. Under the law, criminal fines can be levied for non-compliance and individuals have a private right of action, including actual and punitive damages, as well as attorneys’ fees. 

Under the DPPA, drivers’ personal information may be obtained from motor vehicle departments for certain uses, including:

  • Legitimate government agency functions
  • Matters of auto safety, theft, emissions and product recalls
  • Insurance purposes
  • Notices for towed or impounded cars
  • Use by licensed investigators or security services
  • Use by private toll transportation facilities
  • Motor vehicle not-for-profit market research and surveys

Drivers’ information is also available in response to requests for individuals’ records if the state has received permission from the individual. Records of each additional disclosure must be kept identifying each person or entity that is receiving the disclosure and for what purpose, and the disclosure records must be retained for five years. The legislation does not protect information a driver's traffic violations, license status or accidents.

Many states have laws to supplement the DPPA. Whether DPPA applies to records of vehicles owned by corporations, proprietorships, partnerships, limited liability partnerships, associations, estates, lienholders or trusts varies by state.

This was last updated in October 2017

Continue Reading About Driver's Privacy Protection Act (DPPA)

SearchCompliance
  • pure risk

    Pure risk refers to risks that are beyond human control and result in a loss or no loss with no possibility of financial gain.

  • risk reporting

    Risk reporting is a method of identifying risks tied to or potentially impacting an organization's business processes.

  • chief risk officer (CRO)

    The chief risk officer (CRO) is the corporate executive tasked with assessing and mitigating significant competitive, regulatory ...

SearchSecurity
  • script kiddie

    Script kiddie is a derogative term that computer hackers coined to refer to immature, but often just as dangerous, exploiters of ...

  • cipher

    In cryptography, a cipher is an algorithm for encrypting and decrypting data.

  • What is risk analysis?

    Risk analysis is the process of identifying and analyzing potential issues that could negatively impact key business initiatives ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • fault-tolerant

    Fault-tolerant technology is a capability of a computer system, electronic system or network to deliver uninterrupted service, ...

  • synchronous replication

    Synchronous replication is the process of copying data over a storage area network, local area network or wide area network so ...

SearchStorage
  • gigabyte (GB)

    A gigabyte (GB) -- pronounced with two hard Gs -- is a unit of data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to 1 billion ...

  • MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory)

    MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory) is a method of storing data bits using magnetic states instead of the electrical ...

  • storage volume

    A storage volume is an identifiable unit of data storage. It can be a removable hard disk, but it does not have to be a unit that...

Close