Browse Definitions :
Definition

Federal Information Processing Standardization 140

Federal Information Processing Standardization 140 is a standard that specifies security requirements for cryptographic modules used by the U.S. government. Federal Information Processing Standardization 140-2 accreditation is required for any cryptography product sold by a private sector company to the U.S. government.

The United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) develops and issues Federal Information Processing Standardizations (FIPSs) when adequate industry standards do not already exist to ensure that products conform to security requirements. Publication series 140 specifically applies to cryptography modules. The current version of the 140 series is FIPS 140-2.

FIPS 140-2, issued by NIST in 2001, qualitatively specifies security requirements for cryptographic modules in four increasingly severe levels intended to cover the wide range of potential applications and environments in which cryptographic modules might be employed by the government:

Level 1 – The lowest level of security. Requires at least one approved algorithm but no physical security

Level 2 – Requires role-based authentication and some physical security

Level 3 – Requires identity-based authentication and tighter physical security

Level 4 – Highest level of physical security, intended to provide a “complete envelope of protection” around the module

The FIPS 140 requirement is applicable to all U.S. government departments and agencies that use cryptographic-based security systems to protect sensitive but unclassified information, including any organizations selling products to U.S. and Canadian government agencies.

Learn more:

How to verify 140-2 (FIPS 140-2) compliance

USB thumb drive security best practices spelled out by NIST.

This was last updated in June 2010

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

SearchCompliance

  • smart contract

    A smart contract, also known as a cryptocontract, is a computer program that directly controls the transfer of digital currencies...

  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

  • Health IT (health information technology)

    Health IT (health information technology) is the area of IT involving the design, development, creation, use and maintenance of ...

  • fee-for-service (FFS)

    Fee-for-service (FFS) is a payment model in which doctors, hospitals, and medical practices charge separately for each service ...

  • biomedical informatics

    Biomedical informatics is the branch of health informatics that uses data to help clinicians, researchers and scientists improve ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a data center.

  • ransomware recovery

    Ransomware recovery is the process of resuming options following a cyberattack that demands payment in exchange for unlocking ...

  • natural disaster recovery

    Natural disaster recovery is the process of recovering data and resuming business operations following a natural disaster.

SearchStorage

  • RAID 5

    RAID 5 is a redundant array of independent disks configuration that uses disk striping with parity.

  • non-volatile storage (NVS)

    Non-volatile storage (NVS) is a broad collection of technologies and devices that do not require a continuous power supply to ...

  • petabyte

    A petabyte is a measure of memory or data storage capacity that is equal to 2 to the 50th power of bytes.

Close