Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) is a standard for adoption and use by United States Federal departments and agencies that has been developed within the Information Technology Laboratory and published by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), a part of the U.S. Department of Commerce. FIPS describe document processing, encryption algorithms and other information technology standards for use within non-military government agencies and by government contractors and vendors who work with the agencies. The standards covers a specific topic in information technology (IT) and strives to achieve a common level of quality or interoperability.
See also: Federal Information Processing Standardization 140
Learn more about FIPS:
FIPS documents are available online through the FIPS home page.