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Intel

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

Intel is the world’s largest manufacturer of PC microprocessors and the holder of the x86 processor architecture patent.

A quick (and very incomplete) Intel PC processor history:

Intel 4004, released in 1971, was one of the first microprocessors ever produced. x86 is the series of Intel microprocessor families that began with the 80286 microprocessor. Often called simply the 286, 80286 was a 16-bit microprocessor chip introduced in 1982. The 80286 introduced a new generation of microprocessors with memory management. It also offered more than twice as much performance per clock cycle as the 8086 or 8088. It quickly became popular and could be found in many machines into the 1990s. In 1985, Intel introduced the successor to the 80286, the 80386 (386), a 32-bit processor. The Pentium, first offered in 1993, quickly replaced Intel's subsequent 486 as the microchip-of-choice for PCs. 

Itanium was Intel's first microprocessor based on the 64-bit architecture known as IA-64. The Intel Core series, which launched in 2006, includes Sandy Bridge, Ivy Bridge and Haswell processors. In 2013, Intel announced Quark, an embedded system-on-a-chip (SoC) processor design intended for smaller mobile devices like wearable computers.

The company has also produced embedded processors, SRAM, DRAM, flash, integrated circuits (IC), network interface controllers, and motherboard and graphics chipsets. Intel competes primarily with AMD, the world’s second-largest manufacturer of processors.

Gordon Moore, famous for Moores law, and Robert Noyce, co-inventor of the IC, founded Intel in 1968.  The company is headquartered in Santa Clara, California.

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This was last updated in October 2013

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