Browse Definitions :
Definition

Intel 8086

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

The Intel 8086 was Intel’s first x86 processor

Released in 1978, the 8086 began the long line of Intel’s most successful architecture, which eventually included the 80286, 80386 and 80486. The 8086 was a 16-bit processor with a 16-bit data bus, 20-bit external bus, 64K I/O ports; it ran at up to 10Mhz.

In the previous processor generation the amount of addressable RAM was 64K. The 8086 was designed to address as much as 1MB of memory. Normally, a 16-bit processor is limited to 64KB of RAM; while the 8086’s 20-bit bus made 1MB possible, it still needed a way to address it with a 16-bit processor. The 8086 achieved this by transitioning from flat address space to segmented memory.

Rather than redesign the entire memory system, Intel modified it by using a two-part, compound 16-bit address. The memory management unit (MMU) then interpreted the specified 64K segment, as well as its offset, to find the physical address. Once the address was located, the MMU would enquire if the memory permissions allowed the request and, if they did, perform it.

Since the days of the 8086 many companies have made cloned or enhanced versions of it and other Intel processors. These manufacturers include AMD, Texas Instruments, OKI, Siemens AG, NEC and Mitsubishi.

This was last updated in March 2014

Continue Reading About Intel 8086

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

  • telemedicine (telehealth)

    Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the ...

  • Project Nightingale

    Project Nightingale is a controversial partnership between Google and Ascension, the second largest health system in the United ...

  • medical practice management (MPM) software

    Medical practice management (MPM) software is a collection of computerized services used by healthcare professionals and ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

SearchStorage

  • hot plugging

    Hot plugging is the addition of a component to a running computer system without significant interruption to the operation of the...

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to a computer industry specification and is used in internally mounted ...

  • kilobyte (KB or Kbyte)

    A kilobyte (KB or Kbyte) is a unit of measurement for computer memory or data storage used by mathematics and computer science ...

Close