Browse Definitions :
Definition

PDP-11 (Programmed Data Processor-11)

Contributor(s): Shailender Chennamaneni

PDP-11 (Programmed Data Processor-11) is one of the most famous computers in computing history, one of a series manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation ( DEC ) from the early 1960s through the mid-1990s. PDP-11, which was sold in 1970 for $10,800, was the only 16-bit computer ever made by the company.

The PDP-11 had a number of other features that distinguished it from most of its contemporaries, including multiple (eight) register s; multiple addressing mode s; a hardware stack ; processor error trap s; and a separate communications path for memory and peripherals (called the UNIBUS ) that could move data independently of the processor. Many early developers and users of the UNIX operating system ran it on the PDP-11 after the original Multics system was no longer available.

Before the 1970s, computers were not thought to be something that the average person would buy or use. At about $1,000,000, they were prohibitively expensive. Furthermore, computers of the time were so large and complex that a computer center was required to house one and a sizable staff was required to look after it. To dissociate their product line from these public perceptions, DEC didn't refer to the PDP as a computer at all, but used its name, the Programmed Data Processor, as a generic term. DEC's first model, PDP-1 sold for $120,000 - about 40 times the price of a good computer today, but a bargain at the time.

DEC was acquired by Compaq Computers in 1998.

This was last updated in March 2011

Continue Reading About PDP-11 (Programmed Data Processor-11)

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

SearchCompliance

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • call tree

    A call tree is a layered hierarchical communication model that is used to notify specific individuals of an event and coordinate ...

  • Disaster Recovery as a Service (DRaaS)

    Disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS) is the replication and hosting of physical or virtual servers by a third party to provide ...

  • cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR)

    Cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR) is a combination of strategies and services intended to back up data, applications and other ...

SearchStorage

  • RAM (Random Access Memory)

    RAM (Random Access Memory) is the hardware in a computing device where the operating system (OS), application programs and data ...

  • business impact analysis (BIA)

    Business impact analysis (BIA) is a systematic process to determine and evaluate the potential effects of an interruption to ...

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive that is used in internally mounted storage expansion cards of a small form factor.

Close