Browse Definitions :
Definition

POS malware (point-of-sale malware)

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

Point-of-sale malware (POS malware) is malicious software expressly written to steal customer payment data -- especially credit card data -- from retail checkout systems. Criminals often purchase POS malware to steal customer data from a retail organization with the intention of selling the data rather than using it directly.

There two ways to target a store's customer credit card data: The attacker can infiltrate databases where the data is stored or intercept the data at the point of sale (POS). While there are physical methods that can be used to steal data at these points, those methods require access to the point-of-sale equipment and generally expensive hardware as well. One such method uses an additional reader attached to the store’s card reader.  The second device reads and stores track two card data for the swipe payment. Track two magnetic stripe data includes the primary card number and security code, as well as other information such as what types of charges are permitted.

POS malware is a much simpler and less risky way of obtaining that data without ever setting foot on the premises. POS malware is a type of memory scraper that hunts for data in the correct format for track 2 credit card data. This data is only available unencrypted in memory very briefly. However, memory scraping malware is designed to gather it instantly when it is detected. The credit card info is then sent to the attacker’s remote computers, to be subsequently sold on underground sites.

Some examples of POS malware include Chewbacca, Backoff, BlackPOS and Kaptoxa.

This was last updated in January 2015

Continue Reading About POS malware (point-of-sale malware)

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

  • compliance as a service (CaaS)

    Compliance as a Service (CaaS) is a cloud service service level agreement (SLA) that specified how a managed service provider (...

  • data protection impact assessment (DPIA)

    A data protection impact assessment (DPIA) is a process designed to help organizations determine how data processing systems, ...

SearchSecurity

  • cybersecurity insurance (cybersecurity liability insurance)

    Cybersecurity insurance, also called cyber liability insurance or cyber insurance, is a contract that an entity can purchase to ...

  • phishing

    Phishing is a form of fraud in which an attacker masquerades as a reputable entity or person in email or other communication ...

  • cybercrime

    Cybercrime is any criminal activity that involves a computer, networked device or a network.

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • disaster recovery team

    A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an ...

  • cloud insurance

    Cloud insurance is any type of financial or data protection obtained by a cloud service provider. 

SearchStorage

  • NVMe over Fabrics (NVMe-oF)

    NVMe over Fabrics, also known as NVMe-oF and non-volatile memory express over fabrics, is a protocol specification designed to ...

  • logical unit number (LUN)

    A logical unit number (LUN) is a unique identifier for designating an individual or collection of physical or virtual storage ...

  • CIFS (Common Internet File System)

    CIFS (Common Internet File System) is a protocol that gained popularity around the year 2000, as vendors worked to establish an ...

Close