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SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences)

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences), also known as IBM SPSS Statistics, is a software package used for the analysis of statistical data.

Although the name of SPSS reflects its original use in the field of social sciences, its use has since expanded into other data markets. SPSS is commonly used in healthcare, marketing and education research.

The types of data analyzed using SPSS is widely varied. Common sources include survey results, organization customer databases, Google Analytics, scientific research results and server log files. SPSS supports both analysis and modification of many kinds of data and almost all formats of structured data. The software supports spreadsheets, plain text files and relational databases such as SQL, SATA and SAS.

SPSS provides data analysis for descriptive and bivariate statistics, numeral outcome predictions and predictions for identifying groups. The software also provides data transformation, graphing and direct marketing features.

The software interface displays open data similarly to a spreadsheet in its main view. With its secondary variable view, the metadata that describes the variables and data entries present in the data file are displayed.

The software package was created in 1968 by SPSS Inc. and was acquired by IBM in 2009. While the software was renamed to IBM SPSS Statistics, it is still commonly referred to as just SPSS.

This was last updated in October 2018

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Although initially developed as a social sciences data analysis software, SPSS has evolved to include a wide range of application areas. This includes all forms of data such as medical, business, environmental, and economic, respectively. Its compatibility with the different operating systems such as Windows among others, as well as its user friendly interface makes its use easy.
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