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Web server

Contributor(s): James B. Lingan

A Web server is software or hardware that uses HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and other protocols to respond to client requests made over the World Wide Web (WWW). Web server software controls how a user accesses hosted files. It is accessed through the domain names of websites and ensures the delivery of the site's content to the requesting user. As hardware, a Web server is a computer that holds web server software and other files related to a website, such as HTML documents, images and JavaScript files. Web server hardware is connected to the internet and allows data to be exchanged with other connected devices.

The Web server process is an example of the client/server model. All computers that host Web sites must have Web server software. Leading Web servers include Apache, Microsoft's Internet Information Server (IIS) and Nginx -- pronounced engine X. Other Web servers include Novell's NetWare server, Google Web Server (GWS) and IBM's family of Domino servers.

Web servers often come as part of a larger package of internet- and intranet-related programs that are used for:

  • Sending and receiving emails.
  • Downloading requests for File Transfer Protocol (FTP) files.
  • Building and publishing Web pages.

Considerations in choosing a Web server include how well it works with the operating system and other servers; its ability to handle server-side programming; security characteristics; and the particular publishing, search engine and site building tools that come with it.

See an introductory tutorial on Web servers:

This was last updated in December 2019

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How does a web server work?
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The business connects all of its desktop computers to the server, generally in a local area network, called a LAN. The desktops request services from the server, such as storing files or accessing database information, and the server responds by storing the files or providing the desktop access to the database.

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May I know when was the published date for this? 
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How do I do this: "Pull the corresponding error log from your web server"?
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Why using web server?
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Web server is a application used to run .war file or web application.

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hello world 
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How do I know if there are any scheduled windows tasks or batch jobs on a IIS Server. Please let me know the steps  
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what are the important hardware and software components of online research website?
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Please reply, anyone? It is about the Fypana- the data collecting company. Required to design the system architecture while i am stucked on what are them. Will be much obliged :)
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The article is very informative and helpful. The basic of web server and its working is very easy to understand.
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