Browse Definitions :
Definition

X10 protocol

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

The X10 protocol is a communication methodology for home automation device control. X10 was developed in 1975 by Pico Electronics. X10 modules and the protocol represented the first general purpose product for home automation.

Primarily a wired and wireless protocol, X10 allows home automation devices to communicate through power lines. As an automation protocol X10 enables control of devices such as:

  • Light switches
  • Thermostats
  • Remote controls
  • Leak sensors
  • Pumps
  • Motion sensors
  • Alarms
  • Home Audio

X10 uses separate transceiver units that receive signals from controllers (panels and remotes) and appliance control units that the controlled device is plugged into. Appliance control modules are then plugged into the electrical receptacle (AKA outlet) or lamp socket in some cases. The home's existing electrical wiring or radio frequencies are used to carry the signals that automate home appliance operation.  An example of a home automation action that X10 might manage: When one turns on the lights in the entryway, the heating and cooling might be taken off power-saving mode.

The protocol enables advanced control through attached computers. Control applications are available for Microsoft Windows, Apple's Macintosh, Linux and FreeBSD operating systems.

X10 is one of the oldest automation protocols; as such it doesn’t have the bandwidth of others. However, it remains a working and more commonly-used protocol. Widespread availability and the fact that many don’t feel a need to upgrade an existing home automation system mean this protocol remains one of the most used in deployed home automation setups. Competing technologies include INSTEON, THREAD, ZigBee, Z-Wave, and Bluetooth LE.

This was last updated in November 2017

Continue Reading About X10 protocol

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

SearchCompliance

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

  • compliance framework

    A compliance framework is a structured set of guidelines that details an organization's processes for maintaining accordance with...

SearchSecurity

  • Trojan horse (computing)

    In computing, a Trojan horse is a program downloaded and installed on a computer that appears harmless, but is, in fact, ...

  • identity theft

    Identity theft, also known as identity fraud, is a crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of personally identifiable ...

  • DNS over HTTPS (DoH)

    DNS over HTTPS (DoH) is a relatively new protocol that encrypts domain name system traffic by passing DNS queries through a ...

SearchHealthIT

  • telemedicine (telehealth)

    Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the ...

  • Project Nightingale

    Project Nightingale is a controversial partnership between Google and Ascension, the second largest health system in the United ...

  • medical practice management (MPM) software

    Medical practice management (MPM) software is a collection of computerized services used by healthcare professionals and ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

SearchStorage

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to a computer industry specification and is used in internally mounted ...

  • kilobyte (KB or Kbyte)

    A kilobyte (KB or Kbyte) is a unit of measurement for computer memory or data storage used by mathematics and computer science ...

  • virtual memory

    Virtual memory is a memory management capability of an operating system (OS) that uses hardware and software to allow a computer ...

Close