Browse Definitions :
Definition

Xerox

Contributor(s): Ivy Wigmore

Xerox Corporation, Ltd. is a provider of document management technology, such as printers, photocopiers and multi-function peripherals (MFP) as well as related services. The multinational company's headquarters are in Norwalk, Connecticut.

Xerox derives from  xerography, a technology for duplicating images and documents. Xerography works on the basis of electrostatic charges. The xerography process is the dominant method of reproducing images and printing computer data and is used in photocopiers, laser printers  and fax machines. The company's technology was the de facto standard for many years, to the extent that making photocopies was usually referred to generically as "xeroxing."

Chester Carlson, an American patent lawyer, invented xerography in the 1930s. Although General Electric, IBM, Kodak and RCA turned Carlson away, the Battelle Memorial Institute invested in his research and eventually licensed it to a company called Haloid. Battelle and Haloid collaborated in research and demonstrated the technique in 1948. Haloid created the term xerography from the Greek words for "dry" and "writing." 

Haloid, which was founded in 1910, changed its name to Haloid Xerox in 1958 and then to Xerox Corporation in 1961. Many central components of modern technology, including desktop computing, were invented at  the company's Palo Alto Research Center.

 

 

 

This was last updated in March 2014

Continue Reading About Xerox

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

  • telemedicine (telehealth)

    Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the ...

  • Project Nightingale

    Project Nightingale is a controversial partnership between Google and Ascension, the second largest health system in the United ...

  • medical practice management (MPM) software

    Medical practice management (MPM) software is a collection of computerized services used by healthcare professionals and ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

SearchStorage

  • hot plugging

    Hot plugging is the addition of a component to a running computer system without significant interruption to the operation of the...

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to a computer industry specification and is used in internally mounted ...

  • kilobyte (KB or Kbyte)

    A kilobyte (KB or Kbyte) is a unit of measurement for computer memory or data storage used by mathematics and computer science ...

Close