Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic animals or plants, including breeding, raising and harvesting in all types of water environments in controlled conditions. It is used to produce food and commercial products, restore and create healthier habitats and rebuild threatened or endangered species populations. There are two types of aquaculture – marine and freshwater.
With the growth of agri-tech, modern aquaculture is able to monitor water quality, document fish behavior and manage facility logistics. With the growing popularity of Internet of Things (IoT) technology, aquaculture facilities use smart sensors and other IoT devices to examine water quality and make real-time adjustments to maintain optimal conditions for their stock. These devices can also maintain feeding schedules, improve oxygen levels and send early warnings and diagnoses to solve disease control and prevention.
Aquaculture technology has allowed the collection of large amounts of data that helps facilities reduce costs and maintain reliable environments. Fish farming facilities use mobile devices and cloud computing to monitor their stock and share information and data in real-time with company management and other farm workers. As the industry continues to grow, software companies are developing data management tools to help facilities process incoming data and assist in making business and environmental decisions.