Browse Definitions :
Definition

botnet topology

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

A botnet topology is the network structure by which botnet interconnections are organized.

Botnet topologies may be either centralized around a command and control server (C&C server) or decentralized using peer-to-peer (P2P) communication.

Typical botnet topologies include:

  • Star, in which the bots are organised around a central C&C server.
  • Multi-server, in which there are multiple C&C servers for redundancy in case one is disabled.
  • Hierarchical, in which multiple C&C servers are organized into tiered groups to increase reliability. The hierarchical structure also makes it possible to parcel out groups of bots for rental to different clients, and reduces the number of machines that could be discoverable from the detection of a single group or bot.
  • Random, in which there is no C&C server at all and bots communicate peer-to-peer (P2P botnet), with more advanced botnets using encryption.

As a resiliency measure, some non-random botnets are designed to reorganize as a P2P botnet in the event that a C&C server is taken down.

This was last updated in May 2014

Continue Reading About botnet topology

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • Whistleblower Protection Act

    The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 is a law that protects federal government employees in the United States from ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract, also known as a cryptocontract, is a computer program that directly controls the transfer of digital currencies...

  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

SearchSecurity

  • access control

    Access control is a security technique that regulates who or what can view or use resources in a computing environment.

  • ethical hacker

    An ethical hacker, also referred to as a white hat hacker, is an information security expert who systematically attempts to ...

  • two-factor authentication (2FA)

    Two-factor authentication (2FA), sometimes referred to as two-step verification or dual factor authentication, is a security ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • virtual disaster recovery

    Virtual disaster recovery is a type of DR that typically involves replication and allows a user to fail over to virtualized ...

  • tabletop exercise (TTX)

    A tabletop exercise (TTX) is a disaster preparedness activity that takes participants through the process of dealing with a ...

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a data center.

SearchStorage

  • Flash Storage

    Flash storage is any type of drive, repository or system that uses flash memory to keep data for an extended period of time.

  • optical disc

    An optical disc is an electronic data storage medium that can be written to and read from using a low-powered laser beam.

  • RAID 0 (disk striping)

    RAID 0 (disk striping) is the process of dividing a body of data into blocks and spreading the data blocks across multiple ...

Close