Browse Definitions :
Definition

cathode

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

A cathode is the metallic electrode through which current flows out in a polarized electrical device.

Conversely, an anode is the electrode in a polarized electrical device through which current flows in from an outside circuit. Cathodes get their name from cations (positively charged ions) and anodes from anions (negatively charged ions).

In a device that uses electricity, the cathode is the negatively charged electrode. Such devices include diodes, vacuum tubes, cathode ray tubes, oscilloscopes, electrolytic cells in hydrogen production and secondary battery cells in rechargeable batteries. 

However, in a device that produces power the cathode is the positive terminal, due to the flow of electrons being reversed. Such devices include galvanic cells and primary cell non-rechargeable batteries, as well as secondary battery cells (rechargeable) when the energy within the battery is being consumed.

In many applications, since the cathode gains electrons to produce current, it gradually gains mass from the cations it attracts.

See a video demonstration:

This was last updated in June 2014

Continue Reading About cathode

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • compliance audit

    A compliance audit is a comprehensive review of an organization's adherence to regulatory guidelines.

  • regulatory compliance

    Regulatory compliance is an organization's adherence to laws, regulations, guidelines and specifications relevant to its business...

  • Whistleblower Protection Act

    The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 is a law that protects federal government employees in the United States from ...

SearchSecurity

  • brute force attack

    Brute force (also known as brute force cracking) is a trial and error method used by application programs to decode encrypted ...

  • spyware

    Spyware is software that is installed on a computing device without the user's knowledge. Spyware can be difficult to detect; ...

  • ATM black box attack

    An ATM black box attack, also referred to as jackpotting, is a type of banking-system crime in which the perpetrators bore holes ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR)

    Business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) are closely related practices that describe an organization's preparation for ...

  • warm site

    A warm site is a type of facility an organization uses to recover its technology infrastructure when its primary data center goes...

  • disaster recovery (DR) test

    A disaster recovery test (DR test) is the examination of each step in a disaster recovery plan as outlined in an organization's ...

SearchStorage

  • enterprise storage

    Enterprise storage is a centralized repository for business information that provides common data management, protection and data...

  • disk array

    A disk array, also called a storage array, is a data storage system used for block-based storage, file-based storage or object ...

  • optical storage

    Optical storage is any storage type in which data is written and read with a laser. Typically, data is written to optical media, ...

Close