Browse Definitions :
Definition

computational law

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

Computational law is the area of legal informatics focusing on the automation of formerly manual processes and the integration of legal information with other applications and systems. Computational law systems automate processes such as compliance checking, legal planning and regulatory analysis.

There are a number of different approaches to computational law:

  • Algorithmic law attempts to create a legal language code that is machine-readable like METAlex and even machine-executable like the Hamurrabi Project.
  • Empirical analysis looks to citations, often used in law, to analyze and create citation indices and large graphs of legal precedents referred to as citation networks.
  • Visualization of legal code and of relationships between laws and decisions can reveal large-scale patterns that might not be revealed by other methods of analysis. Visualization draws from citation networks.

Computational law is not used only in legal applications and court rooms. TurboTax uses computational law to make calculations based on tax laws to process tax returns. The non-profit organization Creative Commons uses computational law to provide custom-generated copyright licenses. Legal analytics uses big data, expert critique and user-friendly tools to provide business intelligence and performance measuring solutions. Self-driving vehicles take many things into consideration in choosing the safest driving options, including integrated information about transportation laws.

Although law has not yet been made a formalized study in the way that mathematics and science have, attempts to do so are not new. Gottfried Leibniz was a pioneer of computational law 300 years ago, attempting to reduce law to a matter of computations. Modern attempts at furthering computational law focus on creating a language that can explicitly define laws and allow artificial intelligence to make automated rulings. Due to the specificity with which legal language is used, law is well-suited to definitions through computer language. Stephen Wolfram, a veteran language coder, is currently working on Wolfram Language, an example of a computational law language.

Integration of IT and increasing use of automation is a pervasive and multi-discipline trend in fields including computational economics, computational linguistics, computational healthcare and computational design.

This was last updated in August 2017

Continue Reading About computational law

SearchCompliance

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • call tree

    A call tree is a layered hierarchical communication model that is used to notify specific individuals of an event and coordinate ...

  • Disaster Recovery as a Service (DRaaS)

    Disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS) is the replication and hosting of physical or virtual servers by a third party to provide ...

SearchStorage

  • RAM (Random Access Memory)

    RAM (Random Access Memory) is the hardware in a computing device where the operating system (OS), application programs and data ...

  • business impact analysis (BIA)

    Business impact analysis (BIA) is a systematic process to determine and evaluate the potential effects of an interruption to ...

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive that is used in internally mounted storage expansion cards of a small form factor.

Close