Browse Definitions :
Definition

doxware (extortionware)

Contributor(s): Ivy Wigmore

Doxware, also known as extortionware, is a software used for an exploit in which a hacker accesses the target's sensitive data and threatens to publish it if the victim does not meet his demands, which are typically for money. The term comes from doxing, hacker-speak that means accessing and publishing private information about an individual or an organization.

Doxware is a variation on ransomware, malware used to access the target's data and then make it impossible for the victim to access that data himself.    Ransomware has become less profitable as more organizations have realized the importance of backing up their data to prevent loss and meet compliance and data governance requirements.

Doxing usually involves researching a target, accessing the target’s data and publishing it. In contrast, doxware uses the ransomware technique of broad-scale phishing attacks. However, doxware attackers take a further step, exfiltrating the data and exploring it to find potential doxing targets. As with ransomware, the hacker typically encrypts the victim’s data and demands payment to relinquish the key, in addition to refraining from broadcasting the sensitive data.

Although the terms doxware and extortionware are used synonymously, a distinction can be made between the two. As in conventional ransom, ransomware takes a hostage (data, in the case of the malware), while extortionware threatens harm of some sort if demands are unmet. In the case of doxware, the type of harm is specified: Exposure of personal data.

This was last updated in January 2017

Continue Reading About doxware (extortionware)

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • compliance audit

    A compliance audit is a comprehensive review of an organization's adherence to regulatory guidelines.

  • regulatory compliance

    Regulatory compliance is an organization's adherence to laws, regulations, guidelines and specifications relevant to its business...

  • Whistleblower Protection Act

    The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 is a law that protects federal government employees in the United States from ...

SearchSecurity

  • data breach

    A data breach is a confirmed incident in which sensitive, confidential or otherwise protected data has been accessed and/or ...

  • zero-day (computer)

    A zero-day vulnerability, also known as a computer zero day, is a flaw in software, hardware or firmware that is unknown to the ...

  • Cybercrime

    Cybercrime is any criminal activity that involves a computer, networked device or a network.

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • cloud insurance

    Cloud insurance is any type of financial or data protection obtained by a cloud service provider. 

  • business continuity software

    Business continuity software is an application or suite designed to make business continuity planning/business continuity ...

  • business continuity policy

    Business continuity policy is the set of standards and guidelines an organization enforces to ensure resilience and proper risk ...

SearchStorage

  • business impact analysis (BIA)

    Business impact analysis (BIA) is a systematic process to determine and evaluate the potential effects of an interruption to ...

  • RAID (redundant array of independent disks)

    RAID (redundant array of independent disks) is a way of storing the same data in different places on multiple hard disks to ...

  • dedicated cloud

    A dedicated cloud is a single-tenant cloud infrastructure, which essentially acts as an isolated, single-tenant public cloud.

Close