Browse Definitions :
Definition

end effector

In robotics, an end effector is a device or tool that's connected to the end of a robot arm where the hand would be. The end effector is the part of the robot that interacts with the environment. The structure of an end effector and the nature of the programming and hardware that drives it depend on the task the robot will be performing.

In manufacturing, a robot arm can accommodate only certain tasks without changes to its end effector's ancillary hardware and/or programming. If a robot needs to pick something up, a type of robot hand called a gripper is the most functional end effector. If a robot needs to be able to tighten screws, however, then the robot must be fitted with an end effector that can spin. 

End effectors used in manufacturing include:

  • anti-collision sensors 
  • brushes 
  • cameras 
  • cutting tools 
  • drills 
  • grippers 
  • magnets 
  • sanders 
  • screw drivers 
  • spray guns 
  • vacuum cups 
  • welding guns

The end effector on this ABB industrial robot is called a gripper.

Also see eye-in-hand system and motion plan.

This was last updated in February 2009
SearchCompliance
  • OPSEC (operations security)

    OPSEC (operations security) is a security and risk management process and strategy that classifies information, then determines ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract is a decentralized application that executes business logic in response to events.

  • compliance risk

    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

SearchSecurity
  • threat modeling

    Threat modeling is a procedure for optimizing application, system or business process security by identifying objectives and ...

  • distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack

    A distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack is one in which multiple compromised computer systems attack a target, such as a ...

  • social engineering

    Social engineering is an attack vector that relies heavily on human interaction and often involves manipulating people into ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • change control

    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

SearchStorage
  • bare-metal cloud

    Bare-metal cloud is a public cloud service that offers dedicated hardware resources without any installed operating systems or ...

  • race condition

    A race condition is an undesirable situation that occurs when a device or system attempts to perform two or more operations at ...

  • storage security

    Storage security is the group of parameters and settings that make storage resources available to authorized users and trusted ...

Close