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network topology

A network topology is the arrangement of a network, including its nodes and connecting lines. There are two ways of defining network geometry: the physical topology and the logical (or signal) topology.

The physical topology of a network is the actual geometric layout of workstations. There are several common physical topologies, as described below and as shown in the illustration.

topology

Types of physical topologies

In the bus network topology, every workstation is connected to a main cable called the bus. Therefore, in effect, each workstation is directly connected to every other workstation in the network.

In the star network topology, there is a central computer or server to which all the workstations are directly connected. Every workstation is indirectly connected to every other through the central computer.

In the ring network topology, the workstations are connected in a closed loop configuration. Adjacent pairs of workstations are directly connected. Other pairs of workstations are indirectly connected, the data passing through one or more intermediate nodes.

If a Token Ring protocol is used in a star or ring topology, the signal travels in only one direction, carried by a so-called token from node to node.

The mesh network topology employs either of two schemes, called full mesh and partial mesh. In the full mesh topology, each workstation is connected directly to each of the others. In the partial mesh topology, some workstations are connected to all the others, and some are connected only to those other nodes with which they exchange the most data.

The tree network topology uses two or more star networks connected together. The central computers of the star networks are connected to a main bus. Thus, a tree network is a bus network of star networks.

Logical topologies

Logical (or signal) topology refers to the nature of the paths the signals follow from node to node. In many instances, the logical topology is the same as the physical topology, but this is not always the case. For example, some networks are physically laid out in a star configuration, but they operate logically as bus or ring networks.

 

This was last updated in February 2019

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Network topology usually schematic description and arrangement of a network or including nodes and connecting lines.
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This has helped me a lot.
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Excellent definition.
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Good but short and descriptive.
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If we need hybrid topology instead of single one that may provide better performance. Chances of failure may also decrease.

Edited by: MTidmarsh on May 17, 2016 1:36 PM
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good description in less epic level
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It's too short, please define more.
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Eat my poo
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Nice piece of work! Have you heard of the new dlc for black ops 3? DLC 5
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Good, very nice!
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Can we combine ring topology and mesh topology?
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This helped a lot. Thank you very much from jack godfrey.
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This helped in my research.
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This has been very helpful.
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what is the meaning
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Great work there... I've benefited very much - thanks!
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