Browse Definitions :
Definition

neuromorphic chip

A neuromorphic chip is an analog data processor inspired by the biological brain. The word neuromorphic itself derives from the words neuro, which means "relating to nerves or the nervous system," and morphic, which means "having the shape, form or structure." This concept of design allows these chips to interpret sensory data and respond in ways that are not specifically programmed. Stemming from the field of neuromorphic engineering, researchers apply biology and physics to mathematics, computer science and electronic engineering to create technology that mimics an artificial neural network (ANN). The concept of a neuromorphic computing chip was coined by Carver Mead in the 1980’s and has sparked research and interest from universities and companies such as Intel, IBM, and Qualcomm.

Presently, computers utilize the von Neumann architecture for processing data. This method sends information back and forth between the central processor and memory chips, following a very linear pattern. In contrast to this, neuromorphic chips encode and shuttle data in a series of electrical bursts, modeled after the synapses of the brain. Synapses in biological brains respond to sensory stimuli and change their connections based on learned experience. Neuromorphic chips will develop in the same way by etching its neural networks into silicon and be able to combat issues never before faced by the processor due to its past encounters.

In comparison to general-purpose chips, neuromorphic chips are not as flexible or powerful. However, they can be specialized to specific tasks more efficiently than other solutions and are, therefore, more energy efficient. Larger amounts of information can be packed into each “burst” from the chip, making it able to encode and understand more data in less time.

The continuing advancement of neuromorphic chips sparks important implications for technology and its developers. The most obvious is that artificial intelligence and the machines utilizing this technology will be able to interact with the world in a more human-like fashion. It also introduces features to technology such as the ability to recover from damage, adapt to change, and develop based on learned principles. With a lower energy demand, neuromorphic chips would also allow developers to incorporate AI abilities into a wider range of devices.

Potential Uses for Neuromorphic Chips:

  • Glasses utilized by the blind that use sensors to identify objects and its surroundings, returning audio cues to the user
  • Medical devices that track a patient’s records over time, thus identifying warning signs of a problem or adjusting treatments as necessary
  • Smartphones that make suggestions based on surroundings or interrelated applications
    • For example, automatically entering do not disturb mode when the user goes to bed, providing background information on a client before a meeting, or taking pictures of recognized individuals in a scene
This was last updated in September 2018

Continue Reading About neuromorphic chip

Join the conversation

1 comment

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

What implications could the development of neuromorphic chips have in the artificial intelligence realm?
Cancel

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

SearchCompliance

  • compliance framework

    A compliance framework is a structured set of guidelines that details an organization's processes for maintaining accordance with...

  • regulatory compliance

    Regulatory compliance is an organization's adherence to laws, regulations, guidelines and specifications relevant to its business...

  • privacy compliance

    Privacy compliance is a company's accordance with established personal information protection guidelines, specifications or ...

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

  • telemedicine (telehealth)

    Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the ...

  • Project Nightingale

    Project Nightingale is a controversial partnership between Google and Ascension, the second largest health system in the United ...

  • medical practice management (MPM) software

    Medical practice management (MPM) software is a collection of computerized services used by healthcare professionals and ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • crisis management plan (CMP)

    A crisis management plan (CMP) outlines how to respond to a critical situation that would negatively affect an organization's ...

  • disaster recovery (DR) test

    A disaster recovery test (DR test) is the examination of each step in a disaster recovery plan as outlined in an organization's ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

SearchStorage

  • kilobyte (KB or Kbyte)

    A kilobyte (KB or Kbyte) is a unit of measurement for computer memory or data storage used by mathematics and computer science ...

  • megabytes per second (MBps)

    Megabytes per second (MBps) is a unit of measurement for data transfer speed to and from a computer storage device.

  • zettabyte

    A zettabyte is a unit of measurement used by technology professionals and the general public to describe a computer or other ...

Close