Browse Definitions :
Definition

translation lookaside buffer (TLB)

Contributor(s): Matthew Haughn

A translation lookaside buffer (TLB) is a memory cache that stores recent translations of virtual memory to physical addresses for faster retrieval.

When a virtual memory address is referenced by a program, the search starts in the CPU. First, instruction caches are checked. If the required memory is not in these very fast caches, the system has to look up the memory’s physical address. At this point, TLB is checked for a quick reference to the location in physical memory.

When an address is searched in the TLB and not found, the physical memory must be searched with a memory page crawl operation. As virtual memory addresses are translated, values referenced are added to TLB. When a value can be retrieved from TLB, speed is enhanced because the memory address is stored in the TLB on processor. Most processors include TLBs to increase the speed of virtual memory operations through the inherent latency-reducing proximity as well as the high-running frequencies of current CPU’s.

TLBs also add the support required for multi-user computers to keep memory separate, by having a user and a supervisor mode as well as using permissions on read and write bits to enable sharing.

TLBs can suffer performance issues from multitasking and code errors. This performance degradation is called a cache thrash. Cache thrash is caused by an ongoing computer activity that fails to progress due to excessive use of resources or conflicts in the caching system.

This was last updated in September 2014

Continue Reading About translation lookaside buffer (TLB)

Start the conversation

Send me notifications when other members comment.

Please create a username to comment.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

File Extensions and File Formats

Powered by:

SearchCompliance

  • data governance policy

    A data governance policy is a documented set of guidelines for ensuring that an organization's data and information assets are ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

  • compliance as a service (CaaS)

    Compliance as a Service (CaaS) is a cloud service service level agreement (SLA) that specified how a managed service provider (...

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

SearchStorage

  • cache memory

    Cache memory, also called CPU memory, is high-speed static random access memory (SRAM) that a computer microprocessor can access ...

  • capacity management

    Capacity management is the broad term describing a variety of IT monitoring, administration and planning actions that are taken ...

  • cloud storage

    Cloud storage is a service model in which data is transmitted and stored on remote storage systems, where it is maintained, ...

Close