Browse Definitions :

Browse Definitions by Alphabet

COM - CON

  • comment - Often cited as one of the most useful and least used programming conventions, a comment is a text note added to source code to provide explanatory information, usually about the function of the code.
  • commercial electronic message (CEM) - A commercial electronic message (CEM) is a communication soliciting business, funding or support for something that is sent through any electronic channel, including email, social media, voicemail, text and instant messages.
  • commercial motor vehicle (CMV) - A commercial motor vehicle (CMV) is any vehicle used to transport goods or passengers for the profit of an individual or business.
  • committed information rate (CIR) - Committed information rate (CIR) is the guaranteed rate at which a Frame Relay network will transfer information under normal line conditions.
  • Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE) - The Committee on Trade and the Environment (CTE) is a group within the World Trade Organization (WTO) tasked with identifying and understanding the balance of environmental concerns against the interests of international trade.
  • commodity - A commodity is a type of widely-available product that is not markedly dissimilar from one unit to another.
  • commodity computer - A commodity computer is a standard-issue PC that is widely available for purchase.
  • commodity hardware - Commodity hardware, in an IT context, is a device or device component that is relatively inexpensive, widely available and more or less interchangeable with other hardware of its type.
  • common access card (CAC) - A common access card (CAC) is a Unites States Department of Defense (DoD) smart card for multifactor authentication.
  • Common AS/400 commands - Cheat sheet - common AS/400 commands.
  • Common Assurance Maturity Model (CAMM) - The Common Assurance Maturity Model (CAMM) is a global project to list the information assurance maturity of suppliers offering provisioning services (for example, cloud providers).
  • Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) - In security, Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) is a comprehensive framework of all the relevant subjects a security professional should be familiar with, including skills, techniques and best practices.
  • common carrier - A common carrier, in telecommunications, is an entity that provides wired and wireless communication services to the general public for a fee.
  • Common Criteria (CC) for Information Technology Security Evaluation - Common Criteria (CC) is an international set of guidelines and specifications developed for evaluating information security products, specifically to ensure they meet an agreed-upon security standard for government deployments.
  • common gateway interface (CGI) - Also see FastCGI.
  • Common Information Model (CIM) - The Common Information Model (CIM) is a computer industry standard that defines device and application characteristics so system administrators and management programs can control devices and applications from different manufacturers.
  • Common Language Runtime (CLR) - The Common Language Runtime (CLR) is programming that manages the execution of programs written in any of several supported languages, allowing them to share common object-oriented classes written in any of the languages.
  • Common Service Center (CSC) - A Common Service Center (CSC) is an information and communication technology (ICT) access point created under the National e-Governance Project of the Indian government.
  • common short code (CSC) - Common short codes (CSC) are short telephone numbers, usually consisting of five digits, that are used to address SMS and MMS messages from cellular telephones.
  • common test platform (CTP) - A common test platform (CTP), also called an open test standard (OTS), is a set of specifications defining test methods for diverse components of computer and electronic systems to be marketed as complete products.
  • Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) - Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) provides unique identifiers for publicly known security threats.
  • Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) - Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) is a universal online dictionary of weaknesses that have been found in computer software.
  • common working file (CWF) - A common working file (CWF) is a tool used by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to maintain national Medicare records for individual beneficiaries enrolled in the program.
  • communication plan - A communication plan is a policy-driven approach to providing stakeholders with information.
  • communication portal - A communication portal is a service that allows individuals, businesses, schools and government agencies to share information from diverse sources using unified communications (UC) media.
  • communication service provider (CSP) - Communication service provider (CSP) is the broad title for a variety of service providers in broadcast and two-way communications services.
  • Communications as a Service (CaaS) - Communications as a Service (CaaS) is an outsourced enterprise communications solution that can be leased from a single vendor.
  • communications platform as a service (CPaaS) - Communications platform as a service (CPaaS) is a cloud-based delivery model that allows organizations to add real-time communication capabilities, such as voice, video and messaging, to business applications by deploying application program interfaces (APIs).
  • community technology center (CTC) - A community technology center (CTC) is a facility that provides free or low-cost computer access, and sometimes training, to people lacking the resources to have a computer in their home.
  • compact disc (CD) - A compact disc is a portable storage medium that can be used for recording, storing and playing back audio, video and other data in digital form.
  • compact fluorescent light bulb (CFL) - A compact fluorescent light bulb (CFL) is a fluorescent light bulb that has been compressed into the size of a standard-issue incandescent light bulb.
  • CompactFlash card (CF card) - A CompactFlash card (CF card) is a memory card format developed by SanDisk in 1994 that uses flash memory technology to store data on a very small portable device.
  • compaction - In a data center, compaction is the reduction or consolidation of hardware to make better use of physical floor space.
  • compatibility - Compatibility is the capacity for two systems to work together without having to be altered to do so.
  • compatibility test - A compatibility test is an assessment used to ensure a software application is properly working across different browsers, databases, operating systems (OS), mobile devices, networks and hardware.
  • compensating control (alternative control) - A compensating control, also called an alternative control, is a mechanism that is put in place to satisfy the requirement for a security measure that is deemed too difficult or impractical to implement at the present time.
  • compensation management - Compensation management is the discipline for determining employees' appropriate pay and benefits.
  • competition law - Competition law is the body of legislation intended to prevent market distortion caused by anti-competitive practices on the part of businesses.
  • competitive advantage - Competitive advantage is the favorable position an organization seeks in order to be more profitable than its rivals.
  • competitive differentiation - Competitive differentiation is a strategic positioning tactic an organization can undertake to set its products, services and brands apart from those of its competitors.
  • compiler - A compiler is a special program that translates a programming language's source code into machine code, bytecode or another programming language.
  • complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) - A complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) is the semiconductor technology used in most of today's integrated circuits, also known as chips or microchips.
  • complex adaptive system (CAS) - Complex adaptive system is a term used by DevOps teams to describe an IT platform or project composed of multiple components that interact in ways that cannot be predicted or controlled with complete accuracy.
  • complex event processing (CEP) - Complex event processing (CEP) is the use of technology to predict high-level events likely to result from specific sets of low-level factors.
  • complex system - A complex system is an arrangement of a great number of related but various elements with intricate interconnections.
  • compliance - Compliance is the state of being in accordance with established guidelines or specifications, or the process of becoming so.
  • compliance as a service (CaaS) - Compliance as a Service (CaaS) is a cloud service service level agreement (SLA) that specified how a managed service provider (MSP) will help an organization meet its regulatory compliance mandates.
  • compliance audit - A compliance audit is a comprehensive review of an organization's adherence to regulatory guidelines.
  • compliance automation - Compliance automation, also known as automated compliance, is a category of software applications that use artificial intelligence (AI) features and technology to simplify compliance procedures.
  • compliance burden - Compliance burden, also called regulatory burden, is the administrative cost of a regulation in terms of dollars, time and complexity.
  • compliance framework - A compliance framework is a structured set of guidelines that details an organization's processes for maintaining accordance with established regulations, specifications or legislation.
  • compliance gaining (behavioral compliance gaining) - Compliance gaining (behavioral compliance gaining) is the process of getting someone to do what you want them to do, despite any reluctance on their part.
  • compliance risk - Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting from its failure to act in accordance with industry laws and regulations, internal policies or prescribed best practices.
  • compliance validation - In compliance, validation is a formal procedure to determine how well an official or prescribed plan or course of action is being carried out.
  • component - In programming and engineering disciplines, a component is an identifiable part of a larger program or construction.
  • Component Object Model (COM) - Component Object Model (COM) is Microsoft's framework for developing and supporting program component objects.
  • componentization (component-based development) - Componentization is an approach to software development that involves breaking software down into identifiable pieces that application developers independently write and deploy.
  • composable infrastructure - A composable infrastructure is a framework that decouples device resources in order to treat them as services.
  • compositing - Compositing used to create layered images and video in advertisements, memes and other content for print publications, websites and apps.
  • compound - In chemistry, a compound is a substance that results from a combination of two or more different chemical elements, in such a way that the atoms of the different elements are held together by chemical bonds that are difficult to break.
  • compressed air - Compressed air is a gas, or a combination of gases, that has been put under greater pressure than the air in the general environment.
  • CompTIA Network+ - The CompTIA Network+ is an IT certification exam that confirms an individual possesses the skills in networking required to develop a career in IT infrastructure.
  • CompTIA Project+ - CompTIA Project + is the Computing Technology Industry Association’s certification program designed to demonstrate validated learning and skills in project management.
  • CompTIA Security+ - CompTIA Security+ is a certification that demonstrates a person's competency with core security practices and functions that are carried out in IT security roles.
  • computational creativity (artificial creativity) - Computational creativity (artificial creativity), is the application of computer technologies to emulate, study, stimulate and enhance human creativity.
  • computational economics - Computational economics is a field of economic study at the intersection of computer science, economics and management science.
  • computational fluid dynamics (CFD) - Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is the use of applied mathematics, physics and computational software to visualize how a gas or liquid flows -- as well as how the gas or liquid affects objects as it flows past.
  • computational linguistics (CL) - Computational linguistics (CL) is the application of computer science to the analysis and comprehension of written and spoken language.
  • computational photography - Computational photography is the use of computer processing capabilities in cameras to produce an enhanced image beyond what the lens and sensor pics up in a single shot.
  • computational storage - Computational storage is an information technology (IT) architecture in which data is processed at the storage device level to reduce the amount of data that has to move between the storage plane and the compute plane.
  • compute-intensive - Compute-intensive is a term that applies to any computer application that demands a lot of computation, such as meteorology programs and other scientific applications.
  • computer - A computer is a device that accepts information (in the form of digitalized data) and manipulates it for some result based on a program, software, or sequence of instructions on how the data is to be processed.
  • computer assisted coding system (CACS) - A computer assisted coding system (CACS) is medical software that reviews healthcare forms, including electronic health records, and assigns appropriate medical codes to its findings.
  • computer cracker - A computer cracker is an outdated term used to describe someone who broke into computer systems, bypassed passwords or licenses in computer programs, or in other ways intentionally breached computer security.
  • Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) - A Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) is a group of information security experts responsible for the protection against, detection of and response to an organization’s cybersecurity incidents.
  • computer exploit - A computer exploit, or exploit, is an attack on a computer system, especially one that takes advantage of a particular vulnerability the system offers to intruders.
  • computer forensics (cyber forensics) - Computer forensics is the application of investigation and analysis techniques to gather and preserve evidence from a particular computing device in a way that is suitable for presentation in a court of law.
  • Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) - The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) of 1986 is United States legislation that made it a federal crime to access a protected computer without proper authorization.
  • computer hallucination - Computer hallucinations are interpretation errors in artificial intelligence (AI) machine vision and machine learning technology.
  • computer hardware - Computer hardware is a collective term used to describe any of the physical components of an analog or digital computer.
  • computer instruction - A computer instruction is an order given to a computer processor by a computer program.
  • computer network - A computer network, also referred to as a data network, is a series of interconnected nodes that can transmit, receive and exchange data, voice and video traffic.
  • computer numerical control (CNC) - Computer numerical control (CNC) is a method for automating control of machine tools through the use of software embedded in a microcomputer attached to the tool.
  • computer operator - A computer operator is the person responsible for monitoring and controlling computer systems especially mainframe computer systems in a company or organization.
  • computer room air conditioning (CRAC) unit - A computer room air conditioning (CRAC) unit is a device that monitors and maintains the temperature, air distribution and humidity in a data center, network or server room.
  • computer room air handler (CRAH) - A computer room air handler (CRAH) is a device used frequently in data centers to deal with the heat produced by equipment.
  • computer security incident response team (CSIRT) - A computer security incident response team, or CSIRT, is a group of IT professionals that provides an organization with services and support surrounding the assessment, management and prevention of cybersecurity-related emergencies, as well as coordination of incident response efforts.
  • computer worm - A computer worm is a type of malware whose primary function is to self-replicate and infect other computers while remaining active on infected systems.
  • Computer-aided process planning (CAPP) - Computer-aided process planning is a link between design and manufacturing in a computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) environment.
  • computer-aided software engineering (CASE) - Computer-aided software engineering (CASE) describes a broad set of labor-saving tools used in software development.
  • computer-based training (CBT) - Computer-based training (CBT) is any course of instruction whose primary means of delivery is a computer.
  • computerized maintenance management system (CMMS) - A computerized maintenance management system (CMMS) is software that helps operations and maintenance staff identify and track the status of maintenance tasks and availability of replacement parts.
  • computerized physician order entry (CPOE) - Computerized physician order entry (CPOE), also known as computerized provider order entry or computerized practitioner order entry, refers to the process of a medical professional entering and sending medication orders and treatment instructions electronically via a computer application instead of on paper charts.
  • COMSEC (communications security) - Communications security (COMSEC) is the prevention of unauthorized access to telecommunications traffic, or to any information that is transmitted or transferred.
  • concatenation (concatenate, concatenating) - Concatenation (from Latin concatenare, to link together) is taking two or more separately located things and placing them side-by-side next to each other so that they can now be treated as one thing.
  • concentrated solar power (CSP) - Concentrated solar power (CSP) is an approach to generating electricity in which mirrors are used to reflect, concentrate and focus sunlight onto a specific point.
  • concentration ratio (CR) - A concentration ratio (CR) is a metric used in economics to express the distribution of companies in a particular industry relative to the size of the market.
  • concept mining - Concept mining is the process of searching documents or unstructured text for ideas and topics.
  • concurrent processing - Concurrent processing is a computing model in which multiple processors execute instructions simultaneously for better performance.
  • Concurrent Versions System (CVS) - CVS also is an abbreviation for Computer Vision Syndrome.
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