Browse Definitions :

Browse Definitions by Alphabet

CRE - CUS

  • credential stuffing - Credential stuffing is the practice of using stolen login information from one account to gain access to accounts on a number of sites through automated login.
  • crisis communication - Crisis communication is a method of corresponding with people and organizations during a disruptive event to provide them with the information they need to respond to the situation.
  • crisis management - Crisis management is the application of strategies designed to help an organization deal with a sudden and significant negative event.
  • crisis management plan (CMP) - A crisis management plan (CMP) outlines how to respond to a critical situation that would negatively affect an organization's profitability, reputation or ability to operate.
  • critical infrastructure - Critical infrastructure is the body of systems, networks and assets that are so essential that their continued operation is required to ensure the security of a given nation, its economy, and the public’s health and/or safety.
  • critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) - Critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) is the collective of natural and man-made resources, along with the systems for their processing and delivery, upon which a nation depends on for functioning.
  • critical infrastructure security - Critical infrastructure security is the area of concern surrounding the protection of systems, networks and assets whose continuous operation is deemed necessary to ensure the security of a given nation, its economy, and the public’s health and/or safety.
  • critical path method (CPM) - The CPM was developed in the 1950s by DuPont, and was first used in missile-defense construction projects.
  • critical success factors - Critical success factors are a limited number of key variables or conditions that have a tremendous impact on how successfully and effectively an organization meets its mission or the strategic goals or objectives of a program or project.
  • critical thinking - Critical thinking is the capacity to be objective, rational and analytical about subjects, situations and cognitive problems.
  • CRM (customer relationship management) - Customer relationship management (CRM) is the combination of practices, strategies and technologies that companies use to manage and analyze customer interactions and data throughout the customer lifecycle.
  • CRM analytics - CRM (customer relationship management) analytics comprises all programming that analyzes data about customers and presents it to help facilitate and streamline better business decisions.
  • CRON script - A CRON script is a list of one or more commands to a computer operating system or application server that are to be executed at a specified time.
  • crontab - crontab is a UNIX command that creates a table or list of commands, each of which is to be executed by the operating system at a specified time.
  • crop insurance - Crop insurance is a type of protection policy that covers agricultural producers against unexpected loss of projected crop yields or profits from produce sales at market.
  • cross-bar switch - In a network, a cross-bar switch is a device that is capable of channeling data between any two devices that are attached to it up to its maximum number of ports.
  • cross-browser testing - Cross-browser testing, also called browser testing, is a quality assurance (QA) process that checks whether a web-based application, site or page functions as intended for end users across multiple browsers and devices.
  • cross-channel analytics - Cross-channel analytics is a strategy used by marketing professionals to study the methods by which customers are influenced to buy a product or service, especially when those methods are combined.
  • cross-docking - Cross-docking is the practice of unloading goods from inbound delivery vehicles and loading them directly onto outbound vehicles.
  • cross-functional team - A cross-functional team is a workgroup made up of employees from different functional areas within an organization who collaborate to reach a stated objective.
  • cross-media ownership - Media cross-ownership is a situation in which a single corporate entity owns multiple types of media companies.
  • cross-platform mobile development - Cross-platform mobile development is the creation of software applications that are compatible with multiple mobile operating systems.
  • cross-site request forgery (XSRF or CSRF) - Cross-site request forgery (XSRF or CSRF) is a method of attacking a Web site in which an intruder masquerades as a legitimate and trusted user.
  • cross-site scripting (XSS) - Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of injection attack in which a threat actor inserts data, such as a malicious script, into content from otherwise trusted websites.
  • cross-site tracing (XST) - Cross-site tracing (XST) is a sophisticated form of cross-site scripting (XSS) that can bypass security countermeasures already put in place to protect against XSS.
  • crossfade - In digital audio production, a crossfade is editing that makes a smooth transition between two audio files.
  • crosstalk - Crosstalk is a disturbance caused by the electric or magnetic fields of one telecommunication signal affecting a signal in an adjacent circuit.
  • crowdfunding - Crowdfunding is a financing method that involves soliciting relatively modest contributions from a group of individuals.
  • crowdsourcing - Crowdsourcing is the practice of turning to a body of people to obtain needed knowledge, goods or services.
  • CRUD cycle (Create, Read, Update and Delete Cycle) - The CRUD cycle describes the elemental functions of a persistent database in a computer.
  • cruft - Cruft is the elements of a program, system or product that are either useless, poorly designed or both.
  • CRUSH (Controlled Replication Under Scalable Hashing) - CRUSH (Controlled Replication Under Scalable Hashing) is a hash-based algorithm for calculating how and where to store and retrieve data in a distributed object –based storage cluster.
  • cryogenics - Cryogenics is the study of material sciences at extremely low temperatures.
  • cryptanalysis - Cryptanalysis is the study of ciphertext, ciphers and cryptosystems with the aim of understanding how they work and finding and improving techniques for defeating or weakening them.
  • crypto wallet (cryptocurrency wallet) - A crypto wallet (cryptocurrency wallet) is software or hardware that enables users to store and use cryptocurrency.
  • crypto-agility - Crypto-agility, or cryptographic agility, is a data encryption practice used by organizations to ensure a rapid response to a cryptographic threat.
  • cryptocurrency - Cryptocurrency is a digital form of currency that uses cryptography to secure the processes involved in generating units, conducting transactions and verifying the exchange of currency ownership.
  • cryptogram - A cryptogram is a word puzzle featuring encrypted text that the user decrypts to reveal a message of some sort.
  • cryptographic checksum - Generated by a cryptographic algorithm, a cryptographic checksum is a mathematical value assigned to a file sent through a network for verifying that the data contained in that file is unchanged.
  • cryptographic nonce - A nonce is a random or semi-random number that is generated for a specific use.
  • cryptography - Cryptography is a method of protecting information and communications through the use of codes, so that only those for whom the information is intended can read and process it.
  • Cryptography quiz questions and answers: Test your smarts - Put your encryption knowledge to the test, and perhaps even learn a new word or concept in the process with these cryptography quiz questions.
  • cryptojacking - Cryptojacking is the surreptitious and unauthorized use of a computer for the resource and power-demanding requirements of cryptocurrency mining.
  • cryptology - Cryptology is the mathematics, such as number theory and the application of formulas and algorithms, that underpin cryptography and cryptanalysis.
  • cryptomining malware - Cryptomining malware is a form of malware that takes over a computer or mobile device's resources and uses them to perform cryptocurrency mining, a process of verifying cryptocurrency transactions using complex mathematical formulas also known as cryptojacking.
  • cryptosystem - A cryptosystem is a structure or scheme consisting of a set of algorithms that converts plaintext to ciphertext to encode or decode messages securely.
  • Crystal Reports - Crystal Reports is a popular Windows-based report writer solution that allows a developer to create reports and dashboards from a variety of data sources with a minimum of code to write.
  • CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance) - CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance) is a protocol for carrier transmission in 802.
  • CSO (Chief Security Officer) - A Chief Security Officer (CSO) is a C-suite executive responsible for a company's physical and digital security.
  • CSR (Certificate Signing Request) - A Certificate Signing Request or CSR is a specially formatted encrypted message sent from a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) digital certificate applicant to a certificate authority (CA) validating the information required by the CA in order for it to issue a certificate.
  • CSS (cascading style sheets) - This definition explains the meaning of cascading style sheets (CSS) and how using them with HTML pages is a user interface (UI) development best practice that complies with the separation of concerns design pattern.
  • CSSLP (certified secure software lifecycle professional) - The CSSLP (certified secure software lifecycle professional) is a certification for security professionals who wish to strengthen and demonstrate their knowledge about application security.
  • CSU/DSU (Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit) - A CSU/DSU (Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit) is a hardware device about the size of an external modem that converts a digital data frame from the communications technology used on a local area network (LAN) into a frame appropriate to a wide-area network (WAN) and vice versa.
  • CSV (Cluster Shared Volumes) - CSV (Cluster Shared Volumes) is a feature in Windows Server in which shared disks are concurrently accessible to all nodes within a failover cluster.
  • Ctrl-Alt-Delete - On a personal computer with the Microsoft Windows operating system, Control+Alt+Delete is the combination of the Ctrl key, the Alt key, and Del key that a user can press at the same time to terminate an application task or to reboot the operating system.
  • CubeSat - A CubeSat is a small, low-cost, cube-shaped research satellite.
  • cubic meter (meter cubed) - The cubic meter is the unit of volume in the International System of Units.
  • cultural fit - Cultural fit is the likelihood that a job candidate will be able to conform and adapt to the core values and collective behaviors that make up an organization.
  • culture hacking - Culture hacking is the gradual process of implementing numerous small, positive changes in an organization.
  • culture of failure (blameless culture) - A culture of failure is a set of shared values, goals and practices that encourages learning through experimentation.
  • cumulative trauma disorder (CTD) - In information technology, cumulative trauma disorder (CTD) refers to any of several physical problems that can result from improper or excessive use of a computer display or terminal.
  • curation - Curation is a field of endeavor involved with assembling, managing and presenting some type of collection.
  • curiosity artificial intelligence (curiosity AI) - Curiosity artificial intelligence (curiosity AI) is the simulation of human curiosity in artificial intelligence.
  • curiosity gap - The curiosity gap is the detection that new and valuable information is available, sparking people’s desire to access it.
  • currency - Currency is anything that is generally accepted to have value as a medium of exchange so that it can be traded for goods and services.
  • current - Current is a flow of electrical charge carriers, usually electrons or electron-deficient atoms.
  • Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code - Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes are a uniform medical code set maintained and copyrighted by the American Medical Association and used to describe medical, surgical and diagnostic services.
  • cursor - A cursor is the position indicator on a computer display screen where a user can enter text.
  • custom domain name suffix (custom TLD) - A custom domain name suffix, or custom TLD, is a top-level domain (TLD) name that belongs to a single organization.
  • customer - In agile software development, a customer is a person with an understanding of both the business needs and operational constraints for a project.
  • customer account record - A customer account record is the basic unit of information about a customer that resides in a CRM, or customer relationship management system.
  • customer acquisition cost - Customer acquisition cost is the fee associated with convincing a consumer to buy your product or service, including research, marketing and advertising costs.
  • customer analytics (customer data analytics) - Customer analytics, also called customer data analytics, is the systematic examination of a company's customer information and behavior to identify, attract and retain the most profitable customers.
  • customer base - Customer base is the group of clients to whom a business markets and sells their goods or services.
  • customer churn (customer attrition) - Customer churn, also called customer attrition, is the number of paying customers who fail to become repeat customers.
  • customer communications management (CCM) - Customer communications management (CCM) is the administration of outbound communications to customers that includes the creation, delivery and storage of all types of communications.
  • customer data integration (CDI) - Customer data integration (CDI) is the process of defining, consolidating and managing customer information across an organization's business units and systems to achieve a "single version of the truth" for customer data.
  • customer data management (CDM) - Customer data management (CDM) is the centralization of customer information, such as customer experiences, demographics and feedback, into a single database.
  • customer data platform (CDP) - A customer data platform (CDP) is a type of software application that provides a unified platform of customer information that can be collected, viewed or accessed by other systems.
  • customer demographics - Customer demographics are categories of consumer populations that are relevant to a business' purposes, such as marketing and product design.
  • customer effort score (CES) - Customer effort score (CES) is a system for evaluating how much effort is required on the part of a customer to achieve satisfaction in their experience with a company.
  • customer engagement - Customer engagement is the means by which a company creates a relationship with its customer base to foster brand loyalty and awareness.
  • customer experience (CX) - Customer experience (CX) is the sum total of customers' perceptions and feelings resulting from interactions with a brand's products and services.
  • customer experience (CX) automation - Customer experience (CX) automation is any technology that assists customers with common tasks, sometimes replacing the involvement of humans, to improve customer interactions.
  • customer health score - A customer health score is a value that indicates the long-term prospect for a customer to drop off or, conversely, to become a high-value, repeat customer through renewal or Cross-selling or up-selling strategies.
  • customer intelligence (CI) - Customer intelligence (CI) is the process of collecting and analyzing detailed customer data from internal and external sources to gain insights about customer needs, motivations and behaviors.
  • customer journey map - A customer journey map is a visual representation of the stages a customer goes through when interacting with a company.
  • customer lifecycle - In customer relationship management (CRM), customer lifecycle is a term used to describe the progression of steps a customer goes through when considering, purchasing, using and maintaining loyalty to a product or service.
  • customer lifetime value (CLV) - The customer lifetime value (CLV) is a metric that represents a customer's monetary worth to an organization.
  • customer loyalty - Customer loyalty is an adherence between a customer and a brand that causes the customer to make repeat purchases.
  • customer premises equipment (CPE) - Customer premises equipment (CPE) is telecommunications and information technology equipment kept at the customer's physical location rather than on the service provider's premises.
  • customer profiling - Customer profiling is the practice of organizing customers into specific groups possessing similar goals or characteristics.
  • customer proprietary network information (CPNI) - Customer proprietary network information (CPNI) in the United States is information that telecommunications services -- such as local, long-distance and wireless telephone companies -- acquire about their subscribers.
  • customer retention - Customer retention is a metric that measures customer loyalty, or the ability for an organization to keep its customers over time.
  • customer satisfaction (CSAT) - In customer relationship management, customer satisfaction (CSAT) is a measure of the degree to which a product or service meets customer expectations.
  • customer scoring models - A customer scoring model is a component of customer relationship management (CRM) programs that refers to various metrics used to help companies predict the long term financial value of customers.
  • customer segmentation - Customer segmentation is the practice of dividing a customer base into groups of individuals that are similar in specific ways relevant to marketing, such as age, gender, interests and spending habits.
  • customer self-service (CSS) - Customer self-service is a type of electronic support (e-support) that allows end users to access information and perform routine tasks without requiring the assistance of a human.
  • customer service and support - Customer service is the support that organizations offer to customers before and after purchasing a product or service.
  • customer service charter - A customer service charter is a document that outlines how an organization promises to work with its customers along with providing insights into how an organization operates.
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