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  • strongly-typed programming language - A strongly-typed programming language is one in which each type of data (such as integer, character, hexadecimal, packed decimal, and so forth) is predefined as part of the programming language and all constants or variables defined for a given program must be described with one of the data types.
  • structural ambiguity - Structural or syntactic ambiguity is the potential of multiple interpretations for a piece of written or spoken language because of the way words or phrases are organized.
  • structured content - Structured content is a modular approach to managing digital content that uses metadata tags and automation to publish content from a single source to multiple distribution channels.
  • structured data - Structured data is data that has been organized into a formatted repository, typically a database, so that its elements can be made addressable for more effective processing and analysis.
  • structured programming - Structured programming (sometimes known as modular programming) is a programming paradigm that facilitates the creation of programs with readable code and reusable components.
  • structured programming (modular programming) - Structured programming (sometimes known as modular programming) is a programming paradigm that facilitates the creation of programs with readable code and reusable components.
  • Structured Query Language - SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standardized programming language that's used to manage relational databases and perform various operations on the data in them.
  • Structured Systems Analysis & Design Method - SSADM (Structured Systems Analysis & Design Method) is a widely-used computer application development method in the UK, where its use is often specified as a requirement for government computing projects.
  • Structured Wireless Aware Network - SWAN (Structured Wireless-Aware Network) is a technology that incorporates a wireless local area network (wireless LAN or WLAN) into a wired wide-area network.
  • Structured Wireless-Aware Network - SWAN (Structured Wireless-Aware Network) is a technology that incorporates a wireless local area network (wireless LAN or WLAN) into a wired wide-area network.
  • stub - A stub is a small program routine that substitutes for a longer program, possibly to be loaded later or that is located remotely.
  • STUN - Simple Traversal of UDP through NAT (STUN) is a protocol that governs the exchange of data over a User Datagram Protocol (UDP) connection by communications devices operating behind a Network Address Translator (NAT) or firewall.
  • Stuxnet - The Stuxnet worm is a rootkit exploit that targets supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems.
  • style sheet - A term extended from print publishing to online media, a style sheet is a definition of a document's appearance in terms of such elements as: The default typeface, size, and color for headings and body text How front matter (preface, figure list, title page, and so forth) should look How all or individual sections should be laid out in terms of space (for example, two newspaper columns, one column with headings having hanging heads, and so forth).
  • stylus - A stylus (pronounced STAI-luhs, from the Latin stilus or "stake") is an instrument for writing and, in computers, an input device used to write text or draw lines on a surface as input to a computer.
  • sub-release - A sub-release is a slightly supplemented or improved version of a software product offered for purchase rather than as a free update to the existing version.
  • subcarrier - A subcarrier is one telecommunication signal carrier that is carried on top of another carrier so that effectively two signals are carried at the same time.
  • subcontract - A subcontract is a contract between a prime contractor and a subcontractor to furnish supplies or services for the performance of a prime contract or subcontract.
  • subnet - A subnet, or subnetwork, is a segmented piece of a larger network.
  • subnet (subnetwork) - A subnet, or subnetwork, is a segmented piece of a larger network.
  • subnetwork - A subnetwork is a separately identifiable part of a larger network that typically represents a certain limited number of host computers, the hosts in a building or geographic area, or the hosts on an individual local area network.
  • subnetwork - A subnet, or subnetwork, is a segmented piece of a larger network.
  • subrogation - Subrogation is a legal right that lets an insurance company seek to recover costs from any third party who is responsible for the damages.
  • subscriber identity module - A SIM card, also known as a subscriber identity module, is a smart card that stores identification information that pinpoints a smartphone to a specific mobile network.
  • subscription economy - A subscription economy is a model for trade of desired content, products and services in exchange for recurring, scheduled payments.
  • subscription-based pricing model - A subscription-based pricing model is a payment structure that allows a customer or organization to purchase or subscribe to a vendor's IT services for a specific period of time for a set price.
  • subsidiary - A subsidiary is a business that is wholly or partially owned by another business, sometimes called the parent company or holding company.
  • substrate - A substrate is a solid substance or medium to which another substance is applied and to which that second substance adheres.
  • Subversion - Subversion is a version control system that keeps track of changes made to files and folders (directories), facilitating data recovery and providing a history of the changes that have been made over time.
  • SuccessFactors Employee Central - SuccessFactors Employee Central is SuccessFactors' integrated suite of human capital management (HCM) cloud applications.
  • SuccessFactors MetaData Framework - The SuccessFactors Metadata Framework is Web-based software that gives SuccessFactors users the ability to create and maintain custom objects, screens and business rules to extend the platform’s functionality.
  • SuccessFactors Presentations - SuccessFactors Presentations is a feature within SuccessFactors software that HR managers can use to create more dynamic talent review presentations.
  • succession planning - Succession planning is the process of developing talent to replace executive, leadership or other key employees when they transition to another role, leave the company, are fired, retire or die.
  • sudo - Sudo (superuser do) is a utility for UNIX- and Linux-based systems that provides an efficient way to give specific users permission to use specific system commands at the root (most powerful) level of the system.
  • sudo (superuser do) - Sudo (superuser do) is a utility for UNIX- and Linux-based systems that provides an efficient way to give specific users permission to use specific system commands at the root (most powerful) level of the system.
  • suffix - A suffix is something added at the end of a word that conditions its usage or meaning.
  • Sugar - Sugar is a graphical user interface GUI developed for the $100 laptop (XO).
  • SugarSync - SugarSync is an online file sync-and-share service.
  • sugging - Sugging, also spelled SUGGing, is an acronym that stands for "selling under the guise” of research.
  • sum - A summation, also called a sum, is the result of arithmetically adding numbers or quantities.
  • summation - A summation, also called a sum, is the result of arithmetically adding numbers or quantities.
  • summation (sum) - A summation, also called a sum, is the result of arithmetically adding numbers or quantities.
  • Sun - Sun Microsystems (often just called "Sun"), the leading company in computers used as Web servers, also makes servers designed for use as engineering workstations, data storage products, and related software.
  • sun interference - Solar fade, also called sun interference, is a phenomenon that occurs in satellite communications on certain occasions when the downlink signal is aligned with the sun's position and it is overcome by signal noise from the sun.
  • Sun Microsystems - Sun Microsystems (often just called "Sun"), the leading company in computers used as Web servers, also makes servers designed for use as engineering workstations, data storage products, and related software.
  • Sun ONE - Sun ONE (Sun Open Net Environment) is a marketing strategy and set of products from Sun Microsystems aimed at enabling an enterprise to build Web services for its own internal use and for its customers.
  • Sun Open Net Environment - Sun ONE (Sun Open Net Environment) is a marketing strategy and set of products from Sun Microsystems aimed at enabling an enterprise to build Web services for its own internal use and for its customers.
  • sunk cost (SC) - A sunk cost is money that has already been spent and cannot be recovered.
  • sunk cost effect - The sunk cost effect is the tendency for humans to continue investing in something that clearly isn’t working.
  • SunOS - SunOS was the UNIX-based operating system for Scalable Processor Architecture-based workstations and servers from Sun Microsystems.
  • sunsetting - Sunsetting, in a business context, is intentionally and gradually phasing something out.
  • Super Audio CD - Super Audio Compact Disk (SACD) is a high-resolution audio CD format.
  • Super DMCA - The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a controversial United States digital rights management (DRM) law enacted October 28, 1998 by then-President Bill Clinton.
  • Super Video - S-Video (Super-Video, sometimes referred to as Y/C Video, or component video) is a video signal transmission in which the luminance signal and the chrominance signal are transmitted separately to achieve superior picture clarity.
  • supercomputer - The first commercially successful supercomputer, the CDC (Control Data Corporation) 6600 was designed by Seymour Cray.
  • supercomputer center - In general, a supercomputer center is a site with a supercomputer that is shared by a number of other sites, usually research sites.
  • superconducting quantum interference device - A superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) is a mechanism used to measure extremely weak signals, such as subtle changes in the human body's electromagnetic energy field.
  • superconductivity - Superconductivity is the ability of certain materials to conduct electric current with practically zero resistance.
  • superconductor - Superconductivity is the ability of certain materials to conduct electric current with practically zero resistance.
  • supercookie - A supercookie is a type of tracking cookie inserted into an HTTP header by an internet service provider to collect data about a user's internet browsing history and habits.
  • SuperDLT - Before the popular Linear Tape-Open Consortium came into existence, Quantum had its proprietary digital linear tape (DLT) format.
  • Superdome - Superdome is a high-end 64-bit, Hewlett-Packard (HP) PA-8600 processor-based UNIX server designed for e-commerce customers using very large databases.
  • superheterodyne - Superheterodyne refers to a method of designing and building wireless communications or broadcast equipment, particularly radio receivers.
  • Supermicro - Supermicro is a company that specializes in x86-64 server technology.
  • supernet - Supernetting, also called Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR), is a way to aggregate multiple Internet addresses of the same class.
  • supernetting - Supernetting, also called Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR), is a way to aggregate multiple Internet addresses of the same class.
  • supernetting - CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing) -- also known as supernetting -- is a method of assigning Internet Protocol (IP) addresses that improves the efficiency of address distribution and replaces the previous system based on class A, class B and class C networks.
  • superposition - Superposition is the ability of a quantum system to be in multiple states at the same time until it is measured.
  • superscalar - Superscalar describes a microprocessor design that makes it possible for more than one instruction at a time to be executed during a single clock cycle.
  • SuperSpeed USB - USB (Universal Serial Bus) is a plug-and-play interface between a computer and add-on devices, such as media players, keyboards, telephones, digital cameras, scanners, flash drives, joysticks and printers.
  • SuperSpeed USB - USB 3.0, also known as SuperSpeed USB, is the next major revision of the Universal Serial Bus (USB).
  • superstring theory - String theory is a controversial physics theory that reconciles the differences between quantum theory and the theory of relativity to explain the nature of all known forces and matter.
  • supertasker - A supertasker is someone who performs better when doing multiple things simultaneously than they do when limiting their attention to a single task.
  • superuser - A superuser is a network account with privilege levels far beyond those of most user accounts.
  • superuser do - Sudo (superuser do) is a utility for UNIX- and Linux-based systems that provides an efficient way to give specific users permission to use specific system commands at the root (most powerful) level of the system.
  • supervised learning - Supervised learning is an approach to creating artificial intelligence (AI), where a computer algorithm is trained on input data that has been labeled for a particular output.
  • supervisor call - In computers, especially IBM mainframes, a supervisor call (SVC) is a processor instruction that directs the processor to pass control of the computer to the operating system's supervisor program.
  • supervisor call (SVC) - In computers, especially IBM mainframes, a supervisor call (SVC) is a processor instruction that directs the processor to pass control of the computer to the operating system's supervisor program.
  • supervisory control and data acquisition - SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) is a category of software application program for process control, the gathering of data in real time from remote locations in order to control equipment and conditions.
  • supplier exchange - E-procurement is the business-to-business purchase and sale of supplies and services over the Internet.
  • Supplier performance management (SPM) - Supplier performance management (SPM) is a blanket term for any business practice that is designed to manage, measure and analyze the performance of a supplier or suppliers in a network.
  • supplier relationship management - Supplier relationship management (SRM) is the systematic approach to evaluating vendors that supply goods, materials and services to an organization, determining each supplier's contribution to success and developing strategies to improve their performance.
  • supplier relationship management (SRM) - Supplier relationship management (SRM) is the systematic approach to evaluating vendors that supply goods, materials and services to an organization, determining each supplier's contribution to success and developing strategies to improve their performance.
  • supplier risk management - Supplier risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings that are caused by the organization's supply chain.
  • supply and demand - The laws of supply and demand are the observed relationships between the amount of something that is available for purchase, the level of desire consumers have to buy it and the price.
  • supply chain - A supply chain is the network of all the individuals, organizations, resources, activities and technology involved in the creation and sale of a product.
  • supply chain analytics - Supply chain analytics refers to the processes organizations use to gain insight and extract value from the large amounts of data associated with the procurement, processing and distribution of goods.
  • supply chain attack - A supply chain attack is a type of cyber attack that targets organizations by focusing on weaker links in an organization's supply chain.
  • supply chain execution - Supply chain execution (SCE) is the flow of tasks involved in the supply chain, such as order fulfilment, procurement, warehousing and transporting.
  • supply chain execution (SCE) - Supply chain execution (SCE) is the flow of tasks involved in the supply chain, such as order fulfilment, procurement, warehousing and transporting.
  • supply chain finance - Supply chain finance is a set of technology-enabled business and financial processes that provides flexible payment options for a buyer (such as a manufacturer) and one of their suppliers (for example, a raw materials supplier), typically through the services of a financial institution at lower financing costs.
  • supply chain management - Supply chain management (SCM) is the optimization of a product's creation and flow from raw material sourcing to production, logistics and delivery to the final customer.
  • supply chain management (SCM) - Supply chain management (SCM) is the optimization of a product's creation and flow from raw material sourcing to production, logistics and delivery to the final customer.
  • Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) - Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) is the process reference model used across industries as a supply chain management diagnostic tool.
  • supply chain planning - Supply chain planning (SCP) is the process of anticipating the demand for products and planning their materials and components, production, marketing, distribution and sale.
  • Supply Chain Planning (SCP) - Supply chain planning (SCP) is the process of anticipating the demand for products and planning their materials and components, production, marketing, distribution and sale.
  • supply chain risk management (SCRM) - Supply chain risks include cost volatility, material shortages, supplier financial issues and disasters.
  • supply chain security - Supply chain security is the part of supply chain management that focuses on the risk management of external suppliers, vendors, logistics and transportation.
  • supply chain sustainability (SCS) - Supply chain sustainability (SCS) is a holistic view of supply chain processes, logistics and technologies that affect the environmental, social, economic and legal aspects of a supply chain's components.
  • supply chain transformation - Supply chain transformation is the addition and integration of technology to improve supply chain performance.
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  • smart contract

    A smart contract is a decentralized application that executes business logic in response to events.

  • compliance risk

    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

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  • private key

    A private key, also known as a secret key, is a variable in cryptography that is used with an algorithm to encrypt and decrypt ...

  • DOS (disk operating system)

    A DOS, or disk operating system, is an operating system that runs from a disk drive. The term can also refer to a particular ...

  • security token

    A security token is a physical or digital device that provides two-factor authentication for a user to prove their identity in a ...

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    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • change control

    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

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    RAID 6, also known as double-parity RAID, uses two parity stripes on each disk. It allows for two disk failures within the RAID ...

  • PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive)

    A PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive) is a high-speed expansion card that attaches a computer to its peripherals.

  • VRAM (video RAM)

    VRAM (video RAM) refers to any type of random access memory (RAM) specifically used to store image data for a computer display.

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