Browse Definitions :

Browse Definitions by Alphabet

SSD - STO

  • SSD write cycle - An SSD write cycle is the process of programming data to a NAND flash memory chip in a solid-state storage device.
  • SSL (secure sockets layer) - Secure sockets layer (SSL) is a networking protocol designed for securing connections between web clients and web servers over an insecure network, such as the internet.
  • SSL certificate (Secure Sockets Layer certificate) - A Secure Sockets Layer certificate, known commonly as an SSL certificate, is a small data file installed on a Web server that allows for a secure connection between a Web server and a Web browser.
  • SSL checker (secure socket layer checker) - An SSL checker (Secure Sockets Layer checker) is a tool that helps an organization verify proper installation of an SSL certificate on a Web server to ensure it is valid, trusted and will work properly for its users.
  • SSL VPN (Secure Sockets Layer virtual private network) - An SSL VPN is a type of virtual private network (VPN) that uses the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol -- or, more often, its successor, the Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol -- in standard web browsers to provide secure, remote access VPN capability.
  • stablecoin - Stablecoin is a fixed-price cryptocurrency whose market value is attached to another stable asset.
  • stack - TCP/IP is frequently referred to as a "stack.
  • stack overflow - A stack overflow is a type of buffer overflow error that occurs when a computer program tries to use more memory space in the call stack than has been allocated to that stack.
  • stack pointer - A stack pointer is a small register that stores the memory address of the last data element added to the stack or, in some cases, the first available address in the stack.
  • stacked ranking - Stacked ranking is an employee evaluation method that slots a certain percentage of employees into each of several  levels of performance.
  • staging environment - A staging environment, or staging, provides a nearly exact replica of a production environment for software testing.
  • stakeholder - A stakeholder is a person or group who has an interest -- vested or otherwise -- in an enterprise and whose support is required in order for an enterprise to be successful.
  • stale data - In computer processing, if a processor changes the value of an operand and then, at a subsequent time, fetches the operand and obtains the old rather than the new value of the operand, then it is said to have seen stale data.
  • stand-alone solid state storage (SSS) - Stand-alone SSS is solid state storage that is not integrated with spinning hard drive disks as in a hybrid flash array.
  • stand-up - In agile software development, a stand-up is a daily progress meeting, traditionally held within a development area.
  • standard - A standard is a generally agreed-upon technology, method or format for a given application.
  • standard definition television (SDTV) - Standard definition television (SDTV) is a digital television (DTV) format that provides a picture quality similar to digital versatile disk (DVD).
  • Standard MIDI File (SMF) - The SMF (Standard MIDI File) was developed to allow musicians and audio file developers to transfer their sequenced MIDI data from one software application to another.
  • standard operating environment (SOE) - Standard operating environments (SOE) simplify desktop deployment and network administration within an organization.
  • standard operating procedure (SOP) - A standard operating procedure (SOP) is a set of written instructions that describes the step-by-step process that must be taken to properly perform a routine activity.
  • Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) - The Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC), originally known as the System Performance Evaluation Cooperative, is a consortium of leading computer hardware and software manufacturers that was founded in 1988 with the goal of defining, establishing, maintaining and endorsing benchmarks applicable to computer systems.
  • standard temperature and pressure (STP) - Standard temperature and pressure (STP) refers to the nominal conditions in the atmosphere at sea level.
  • standardization - Standardization is the process of developing, promoting and possibly mandating standards-based and compatible technologies within a given industry.
  • standards organization - A standards organization, sometimes referred to as a standards body, is an organization with authority to endorse official standards for given applications.
  • standby power - Standby power is electrical power that a device consumes when not in present use, but plugged in to a source of power and ready to be used.
  • standing-wave ratio (SWR, VWSR, IWSR) - Standing-wave ratio (SWR) is a mathematical expression of the non-uniformity of an electromagnetic field (EM field) on a transmission line such as coaxial cable.
  • star network - A star network is a local area network (LAN) topology in which all nodes -- personal computers (PCs), workstations or other devices -- are directly connected to a common central computer that is often referred to as a hub.
  • star schema - A star schema is a database organizational structure optimized for use in a data warehouse or business intelligence that uses a single large fact table to store transactional or measured data, and one or more smaller dimensional tables that store attributes about the data.
  • Starlink - Starlink is a satellite internet constellation system that aims to deliver global internet coverage.
  • start of authority record - A start of authority (SOA) record is information stored in a domain name system (DNS) zone about that zone and about other DNS records.
  • startup accelerator - A startup accelerator, sometimes referred to as a seed accelerator, is a business program that supports early-stage, growth-driven companies through education, mentorship and financing.
  • startup company - A startup company is a newly formed business with particular momentum behind it based on perceived demand for its product or service.
  • startup culture - Startup culture refers to how people within a new business, or startup, work together.
  • statcoulomb (statC) - The statcoulomb (abbreviated statC) is the unit of electric charge quantity in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system.
  • State Bank of India (SBI) - State Bank of India (SBI) is the country's largest commercial bank, in terms of assets, deposits, and employees.
  • state diagram (state machine diagram or statechart diagram) - A state diagram, also known as a state machine diagram or statechart diagram, is an illustration of the states an object can attain as well as the transitions between those states in the Unified Modeling Language (UML).
  • state machine - In general, a state machine is any device that stores the status of something at a given time and can operate on input to change the status and/or cause an action or output to take place for any given change.
  • state management - Application state management is the process of maintaining knowledge of an application's inputs across multiple related data flows that form a complete business transaction -- or a session -- to understand the condition of the app at any given moment.
  • state of charge (SOC) - The state of charge (SOC) is a measurement of the amount of energy available in a battery at a specific point in time.
  • stateful app - A stateful app is a program that saves client data from the activities of one session for use in the next session.
  • stateful inspection - Stateful inspection, also known as dynamic packet filtering, is a firewall technology that monitors the state of active connections and uses this information to determine which network packets to allow through the firewall.
  • stateless - Stateful and stateless are adjectives that describe whether a computer or computer program is designed to note and remember one or more preceding events in a given sequence of interactions with a user, another computer or program, a device, or other outside element.
  • stateless app - A stateless app is an application program that does not save client data generated in one session for use in the next session with that client.
  • statement of work (SOW) - A statement of work (SOW), in project management, is a document in which a contracting officer or chief procurement officer (CPO) specifies the objectives and deliverables for a particular project or service contract.
  • states of digital data - A state of digital data is a way to describe the current functionality of a data file.
  • statfarad (statF) - The statfarad (abbreviated statF) is the unit of capacitance in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) or small-unit metric system.
  • static analysis (static code analysis) - Static analysis, also called static code analysis, is a method of computer program debugging that is done by examining the code without executing the program.
  • static application security testing (SAST) - Static application security testing (SAST) is a program designed to analyze application (app) source code in order to find security vulnerabilities or weaknesses that may open an app up to a malicious attack.
  • static hashing - Static hashing is a method of hashing, or shortening a string of characters in computer programming, in which the set of shortened characters remains the same length to improve the ease with which data can be accessed.
  • static IP address - A static IP address is a 32 bit number that is assigned to a computer to be its address on the internet.
  • static testing - Static testing is a software testing method that involves the examination of a program, along with any associated documents, but does not require the program to be executed.
  • statistical analysis - Statistical analysis is the collection and interpretation of data in order to uncover patterns and trends.
  • statistical mean, median, mode and range - The terms mean, median, mode, and range describe properties of statistical distributions.
  • statistical noise - Statistical noise is unexplained variability within a data sample.
  • statistical process control (SPC) - Statistical process control (SPC) is a scientific, data-driven methodology for monitoring, controlling and improving procedures and products.
  • statutory reporting - Statutory reporting is the mandatory submission of financial and non-financial information to a government agency.
  • statvolt (statV) - The statvolt (symbolized statV) is the unit of electromotive force (EMF) or potential difference in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) electrostatic system.
  • stay interview - A stay interview is an organized meeting between a manager and an existing employee to review the reasons the employee stays with the company and seeking out concerns that might influence the employee to leave.
  • steady state - Steady state is a condition in which a solid state flash drive has experienced enough program/erase (P/E) cycles that performance times for write operations becomes stable and can be evaluated in a consistent manner.
  • stealth virus - A stealth virus is a computer virus that uses various mechanisms to avoid detection by antivirus software.
  • STEAM (science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics) - STEAM is an educational approach that incorporates the arts into the more-familiar STEM model (science, technology, engineering and mathematics).
  • steampunk - Steampunk is a design style inspired by Victorian-era industrialism.
  • steering committee - A steering committee is a group of high-level advisors who have been appointed to provide an organization or project with direction.
  • Stefan-Boltzmann constant - The Stefan-Boltzmann constant, symbolized by the lowercase Greek letter sigma (σ), is a physical constant expressing the relationship between the heat radiation emitted by a black body and its absolute temperature.
  • STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) - STEM is an educational program developed to prepare primary and secondary students for college and graduate study in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).
  • stemming - Stemming is the process of reducing a word to its word stem that affixes to suffixes and prefixes or to the roots of words known as a lemma.
  • stepper - A stepper is a machine used to project the image of a circuit in photolithographic semiconductor fabrication.
  • stepping - Stepping is a number used by Intel to identify what level of design change a microprocessor was built to.
  • steradian - The steradian (symbolized sr) is the Standard International (SI) unit of solid angular measure.
  • stereoscopy (stereoscopic imaging) - Stereoscopy, sometimes called stereoscopic imaging, is a technique used to enable a three-dimensional effect, adding an illusion of depth to a flat image.
  • stickiness - Stickiness is anything about a Web site that encourages a visitor to stay longer.
  • stingray (IMSI catcher) - A stingray is a mobile surveillance device also known as an IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) catcher or a cell site simulator.
  • STIX (Structured Threat Information eXpression) - STIX (Structured Threat Information eXpression) is an XML programming language that allows cybersecurity threat data to be shared.
  • stochastic optimization - Stochastic optimization is the process of maximizing or minimizing the value of a mathematical or statistical function when one or more of the input parameters is subject to randomness.
  • STONITH (Shoot The Other Node In The Head) - STONITH (Shoot The Other Node In The Head) is a Linux service for maintaining the integrity of nodes in a high-availability (HA) cluster.
  • stop word - In computer search engines, a stop word is a commonly used word (such as "the") that a search engine has been programmed to ignore, both when indexing entries for searching and when retrieving them as the result of a search query.
  • storage (computer storage) - Data storage is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information on electromagnetic, optical or silicon-based storage media.
  • storage as a service (STaaS) - Storage as a service can be delivered on premises from infrastructure that is dedicated to a single customer, or it can be delivered from the public cloud as a shared service that's purchased by subscription and is billed according to one or more usage metrics.
  • storage at the edge - Storage at the edge is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information at the periphery of the network, as close to the originating source as possible.
  • storage capacity planning - Storage capacity planning is the practice of assessing current data storage needs and forecasting future storage requirements.
  • storage class memory (SCM) - Storage class memory (SCM) is a type of physical computer memory that combines dynamic random access memory (DRAM), NAND flash memory and a power source for data persistence.
  • storage consolidation - Storage consolidation, also called storage convergence is a method of centralizing data storage among multiple servers.
  • storage container - A storage container is a defined, specific location in high-volume storage.
  • Storage Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) - VMware DRS (Distributed Resource Scheduler) is a load balancing utility that assigns and moves computing workloads to available hardware resources in a virtualized environment.
  • storage encryption - Storage encryption is the use of encryption/decryption of backed-up and archived data, both in transit and on storage media.
  • storage filer - A storage filer is a type of file server designed and programmed for high-volume data storage, backup and archiving.
  • storage hypervisor - Storage hypervisors make more efficient use of storage resources in a virtual environment.
  • storage medium (storage media) - In computers, a storage medium is a physical device that receives and retains electronic data for applications and users and makes the data available for retrieval.
  • storage node - A storage node is typically a physical server with one or more hard-disk drives (HDDs) or solid-state drives (SDDs).
  • storage pools - Storage pools are capacity aggregated from disparate physical storage resources in a shared storage environment.
  • storage provisioning - Storage provisioning is the process of assigning storage, usually in the form of server disk drive space, in order to optimize the performance of a storage area network (SAN).
  • storage security - Storage security is the group of parameters and settings that make storage resources available to authorized users and trusted networks -- and unavailable to other entities.
  • storage snapshot - A storage snapshot is a set of reference markers for data at a particular point in time.
  • storage stack - A storage stack, also called an integrated stack, is a bundled storage product that include servers, networking components and server virtualization software.
  • storage utilization - Storage utilization is a measure of how well the available data storage space in an enterprise is used.
  • storage virtualization - Storage virtualization is the pooling of physical storage from multiple storage devices into what appears to be a single storage device -- or pool of available storage capacity -- that is managed from a central console.
  • Storage vMotion - Storage vMotion is a component of VMware vSphere that allows the live migration of a running virtual machine's (VM) file system from one storage system to another, with no downtime for the VM or service disruption for end users.
  • storage volume - A storage volume is an identifiable unit of data storage.
  • stored procedure - A stored procedure is a group of statements with a specific name, which are stored inside a database, such as MySQL or Oracle.
  • story - In agile software development, a story is a particular business need assigned to the software development team.
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