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Application Development

Definitions about software applications and development including operating system vocabulary, programming terminology, words about Internet applications and terms used in app/dev.

Agile, Scrum, XP

Definitions related to agile software development, including terms about Scrum and words and phrases about user stories, extreme programming (XP), Crystal, feature-driven development and Adaptive.

  • application lifecycle management (ALM)

    Application lifecycle management (ALM) is an integrated system of people, tools and processes that supervise a software application from its initial planning through retirement.

  • Jenkins

    Jenkins is an open source continuous integration/continuous delivery and deployment (CI/CD) automation software DevOps tool written in the Java programming language.

  • Agile Software Development

    Agile software development -- also referred to simply as Agile -- is a type of development methodology that anticipates the need for flexibility and applies a level of pragmatism to the delivery of the finished product.

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Apple

Definitions related to Apple Computer, including terms about MacBooks and words and phrases about i-everything.

  • Apple Pay

    Apple Pay is a contactless mobile financial transactions service developed for Apple devices.

  • Siri

    Siri is Apple's personal assistant for iOS, macOS, tvOS and watchOS devices that uses voice recognition and is powered by artificial intelligence (AI).

  • Apple Swift

    Apple Swift is Apple's programming language for IOS, WatchOS, TVOS, MacOS and Linux.

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DevOps

This glossary contains definitions related to the DevOps movement. Some definitions explain the meaning of words used to describe how a DevOps culture breaks down silos between software development and operations teams. Other definitions are related to the software tools that DevOps engineers use to lower costs, achieve higher productivity and automate tasks.

  • Microsoft Azure

    Microsoft Azure, formerly known as Windows Azure, is Microsoft's public cloud computing platform.

  • service-level agreement (SLA)

    A service-level agreement (SLA) is a contract between a service provider and its customers that documents what services the provider will furnish and defines the service standards the provider is obligated to meet.

  • Knative

    Knative is an open source project based on the Kubernetes platform for building, deploying and managing serverless workloads that can run in the cloud, on premises or in a third-party data center.

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Internet applications

This glossary contains definitions related to Internet applications, including definitions about Software as a Service (SaaS) delivery models and words and phrases about web sites, e-commerce and cloud computing.

  • cloud computing

    Cloud computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted services over the internet.

  • bot (robot)

    A bot (short for 'robot' and also called an internet bot) is a computer program that operates as an agent to either simulate a human activity or for a user or another program.

  • API management

    API management is the process of overseeing application program interfaces (APIs) in a secure, scalable environment.

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Java

This glossary contains definitions related to the Enterprise Java platform, including definitions for the tools and methodologies that are used by enterprise Java developers, architects and technical team leads.

  • just-in-time compiler (JIT)

    A just-in-time (JIT) compiler is a program that turns bytecode into instructions that can be sent directly to a computer's processor (CPU).

  • embedded Tomcat

    An embedded Tomcat server consists of a single Java web application along with a full Tomcat server distribution, packaged together and compressed into a single JAR, WAR or ZIP file.

  • Java Database Connectivity (JDBC)

    Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an API packaged with the Java SE edition that makes it possible to connect from a Java Runtime Environment (JRE) to external, relational database systems.

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Linux

Definitions related to Linux, including tech terms about open source and words and phrases about Linux distributions and software development.

  • operating system (OS)

    An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer.

  • talent acquisition

    Talent acquisition refers to the process employers use for recruiting, tracking and interviewing job candidates, and onboarding and training new employees.

  • Kubernetes

    Kubernetes, also referred to as K8s, is an open source system used to manage Linux Containers across private, public and hybrid cloud environments.

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Microsoft

Definitions for Microsoft Windows, including terms about bugs or patches and words and phrases about Microsoft operating systems.

  • Microsoft Azure

    Microsoft Azure, formerly known as Windows Azure, is Microsoft's public cloud computing platform.

  • What is Business Continuity and Why is it Important?

    Business continuity is the ability of an organization to maintain essential functions during, as well as after, a disaster has occurred.

  • .NET Framework

    .NET Framework is a managed execution environment for Windows that allows software developers to create a software application in one programming language and be assured the app can work with code written in other languages. 

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Open source

Definitions related to open source, including tech terms about Linux and words and phrases about Apache and other open source software development projects.

  • Kubernetes

    Kubernetes, also referred to as K8s, is an open source system used to manage Linux Containers across private, public and hybrid cloud environments.

  • source code

    Source code is the fundamental component of a computer program that is created by a programmer. It can be read and easily understood by a human being.

  • Jenkins X

    Jenkins X is an open source system that provides continuous integration (CI), continuous delivery (CD) and automated testing tools designed for cloud-native applications in a Kubernetes environment.

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Operating systems

Definitions related to operating systems, including tech terms about open source and proprietary operating systems and words and phrases about system programs, boot mechanisms, kernels, command interpreters, DLL libraries and drivers.

  • device driver

    A device driver is a special kind of software program that controls a specific hardware device attached to a computer.

  • patch management

    Patch management is an area of systems management that involves acquiring, testing and installing multiple patches, or code changes, to an administered computer system.

  • Sysprep (System Preparation Tool)

    Sysprep is Microsoft's System Preparation tool intended to duplicate, test and deliver new installations for the Windows operating system based on an established installation.

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Programming

Definitions related to software programming, including tech terms about programming languages and words and phrases about software design, coding, testing and debugging.

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

    HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a text-based approach to describing how content contained within an HTML file is structured.

  • use case

    A use case is a methodology used in system analysis to identify, clarify, and organize system requirements.

  • application lifecycle management (ALM)

    Application lifecycle management (ALM) is an integrated system of people, tools and processes that supervise a software application from its initial planning through retirement.

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Software applications

Definitions related to software applications, including tech terms about software programs for vertical industries and words and phrases about software development, use and management.

  • state management

    Application state management is the process of maintaining knowledge of an application's inputs across multiple related data flows that form a complete business transaction -- or a session -- to understand the condition of the app at any given moment.

  • keylogger (keystroke logger or system monitor)

    A keylogger, sometimes called a keystroke logger or system monitor, is a type of surveillance technology used to monitor and record each keystroke typed on a specific computer's keyboard.

  • application performance monitoring (APM)

    Application performance monitoring (APM) is the collection of tools and processes designed to help information technology (IT) professionals ensure that the applications users work with meet performance standards and provide a valuable user experience (UX).

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Software development

Definitions related to software development, including tech terms about programming and words and phrases about Scrum, Agile and waterfall methodologies.

  • use case

    A use case is a methodology used in system analysis to identify, clarify, and organize system requirements.

  • go-to-market strategy (GTM strategy)

    A go-to-market strategy (GTM strategy) is an action plan that specifies how a company will reach target customers and achieve competitive advantage.

  • application lifecycle management (ALM)

    Application lifecycle management (ALM) is an integrated system of people, tools and processes that supervise a software application from its initial planning through retirement.

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Web services, SOA

Definitions related to web services, including tech terms about service-oriented architecture (SOA) and words and phrases about web applications that use XML and HTTP.

  • storage as a service (STaaS)

    Storage as a service can be delivered on premises from infrastructure that is dedicated to a single customer, or it can be delivered from the public cloud as a shared service that's purchased by subscription and is billed according to one or more usage metrics.

  • Platform as a Service (PaaS)

    Platform as a service (PaaS) is a cloud computing model in which a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools -- usually those needed for application development -- to users over the internet.

  • dependency injection

    In object-oriented programming (OOP) software design, dependency injection (DI) is the process of supplying a resource that a given piece of code requires.

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    A data governance policy is a documented set of guidelines for ensuring that an organization's data and information assets are ...

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    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

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  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

    The Advanced Encryption Standard, or AES, is a symmetric block cipher chosen by the U.S. government to protect classified ...

  • intrusion detection system (IDS)

    An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a system that monitors network traffic for suspicious activity and alerts when such ...

  • Secure Shell (SSH)

    SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol that gives users, particularly system ...

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  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to a computer industry specification written for internally mounted storage...

  • RAID (redundant array of independent disks)

    RAID (redundant array of independent disks) is a way of storing the same data in different places on multiple hard disks or ...

  • cache memory

    Cache memory, also called CPU memory, is high-speed static random access memory (SRAM) that a computer microprocessor can access ...

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