Browse Definitions :

Artificial intelligence - machine learning

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

ACT - DEE

  • active learning (active learner algorithm) - Active learning, in an AI context, is the capacity of a machine learning algorithm to query sources for more data during its processes.
  • advanced analytics - Advanced analytics is a broad category of inquiry that can be used to help drive changes and improvements in business practices.
  • adversarial machine learning - Adversarial machine learning is a technique used in machine learning to fool or misguide a model with malicious input.
  • affective computing (emotion AI) - Affective computing, also known as AC or emotion AI, is an area of study within cognitive computing and artificial intelligence that is concerned with gathering data from faces, voices and body language to measure human emotion.
  • agbot (agricultural robot) - An agbot, also called an agribot, is an autonomous robot used in farming to help improve efficiency and reduce reliance on manual labor.
  • AI accelerator - An AI accelerator is a microchip designed specifically to enable faster processing of artificial intelligence (AI) tasks.
  • AI code of ethics - An AI code of ethics is a formalized specification guiding the human-generated design of intelligent AI agents and the autonomous behavior of those systems.
  • AI democratization - AI democratization is the spread of artificial intelligence development to a wider user base that includes those without specialized knowledge of AI.
  • AI for Good - AI for Good is a public charity and UN platform that hosts annual summits in Geneva, Switzerland to discuss the beneficial use of artificial intelligence (AI).
  • AI governance - AI governance is the idea that there should be a legal framework for ensuring that machine learning (ML) technologies are well researched and developed with the goal of helping humanity navigate the adoption of AI systems fairly.
  • AI washing - AI washing is a marketing effort designed to associate brands and products with artificial intelligence, even though the connection may be tenuous or non-existent.
  • Alexa Blueprints - Alexa Blueprints is a set of templates that lets users create custom skills and capabilities for the Alexa personal assistant without the need for coding or technical expertise.
  • algorithm - An algorithm (pronounced AL-go-rith-um) is a procedure or formula for solving a problem, based on conducting a sequence of specified actions.
  • algorithmic accountability - Algorithmic accountability is the concept that companies should be held responsible for the results of their programmed algorithms.
  • algorithmic transparency - Algorithmic transparency is openness about the purpose, structure and underlying actions of the algorithms used to search for, process and deliver information.
  • AlphaGo - AlphaGo is an artificial intelligence agent that is specialized to play Go, a Chinese game of strategy, against human competitors.
  • Amazon AI - Amazon AI is a set of artificial intelligence services that offer machine and deep learning technologies for Amazon Web Services (AWS) developers and users.
  • Amazon Lex - Amazon Lex is an artificial intelligence (AI) web service.
  • Amazon Machine Learning - Amazon Machine Learning is an Amazon Web Services product that allows a developer to discover patterns in end-user data through algorithms, construct mathematical models based on these patterns and then create and implement predictive applications.
  • ambient intelligence (AmI) - Ambient intelligence is the element of a pervasive computing environment that enables it to interact with and respond appropriately to the humans in that environment.
  • android (humanoid robot) - Android (robot) definition: An android is a robot that is designed to look like a human, either in its basic form or so closely it could almost be mistaken for a person.
  • artificial general intelligence (AGI) - Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the representation of generalized human cognitive abilities in software so that, faced with an unfamiliar task, the AI system could find a solution.
  • artificial ignorance - Artificial ignorance is the artificial intelligence (AI) development practice of ignoring insignificant data in order to focus more attention to important information that might be valuable.
  • artificial intellect (artilect) - An artificial intellect (or "artilect"), according to Dr.
  • artificial intelligence - Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems.
  • Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) - Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) is the third party offering of artificial intelligence (AI) outsourcing.
  • artificial intelligence in marketing - Artificial intelligence (AI) in marketing is the process of utilizing data models, mathematics and algorithms to generate insights that can be used by marketers.
  • artificial neural network (ANN) - In information technology (IT), a neural network is a system of hardware and/or software patterned after the operation of neurons in the human brain.
  • artificial neuron - An artificial neuron is a connection point in an artificial neural network.
  • artificial personality (AP) - An artificial personality (AP) is a collection of characteristics, tendencies and behavioral quirks assigned to a chatbot, digital assistant, robot or video game character.
  • artificial superintelligence (ASI) - Artificial superintelligence (ASI) is software-based intellectual powers that surpass human ability across almost all conceivable categories and fields of endeavor.
  • artificially-intelligent attorney (AI attorney) - An artificially-intelligent attorney is a legal expert system that applies AI technologies to replicate and improve upon the abilities of a human legal research assistant.
  • Asilomar AI Principles - Asilomar AI Principles are 23 main beliefs for guiding the research and development of artificial intelligence (AI).
  • assistive technology (adaptive technology) - Assistive technology is a set of devices intended to help people who have disabilities.
  • association rules (in data mining) - Association rules are if-then statements that help to show the probability of relationships between data items within large data sets in various types of databases.
  • audio content - Audio content is any type of published material or information that is consumed through listening.
  • augmented analytics - Augmented analytics is the use of machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP) to enhance data analytics, data sharing and business intelligence.
  • augmented intelligence - Augmented intelligence is an alternative conceptualization of artificial intelligence that focuses on AI's assistive role, emphasizing the fact that it is designed to supplement human intelligence rather than replace it.
  • augmented memory - Augmented memory is the practice of artificially increasing a person's ability to produce long term memories and retain information.
  • Automated Insights - Automated Insights is a company that makes artificial intelligence (AI) applications that can understand statistical, numeric and graphed data and present it in an articulate and understandable written format.
  • automated reasoning - Automated reasoning is the area of computer science that is concerned with applying reasoning in the form of logic to computing systems.
  • automated speech recognition (ASR) - Automated speech recognition (ASR) is a technology that allows users of information systems to speak entries rather than punching numbers on a keypad.
  • automated storytelling - Automated storytelling is a process involving the use of artificial intelligence (AI) to create written stories.
  • automotive IT - Automotive IT is any hardware or software designed to augment and support the experience of operating a motor vehicle.
  • autonomic computing - Autonomic computing is a self-managing computing model named after, and patterned on, the human body's autonomic nervous system.
  • autonomous business process (ABP) - Autonomous Business Process (ABP) utilizes intelligent software agents to discover existing business processes to optimize their efficiency and performance.
  • autonomous ship - An autonomous ship is a water craft piloted by artificial intelligence (AI).
  • Azure Bot Service - Azure Bot Service is Microsoft’s artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot offered as a service on the Azure cloud service marketplace.
  • backpropagation algorithm - Backpropagation (backward propagation) is an important mathematical tool for improving the accuracy of predictions in data mining and machine learning.
  • backward chaining - Backward chaining is the logical process of inferring unknown truths from known conclusions by moving backward from a solution to determine the initial conditions and rules.
  • bag of words model (BoW model) - The bag of words model (BoW model) is a reduced and simplified representation of a text document with selected parts of the text.
  • Bayesian logic - Named for Thomas Bayes, an English clergyman and mathematician, Bayesian logic is a branch of logic applied to decision making and inferential statistics that deals with probability inference: using the knowledge of prior events to predict future events.
  • Bayesian statistics - Bayesian statistics is a mathematical approach to calculating probability in which conclusions are subjective and updated as additional data is collected.
  • BeeMe (MIT Media Lab) - BeeMe is a web-based social experiment that will be hosted by the MIT Media Lab at 11pm on October 31, 2018.
  • bees algorithm - The bees algorithm is a method of problem solving that mimics the behavior of honeybees to find the optimum solution.
  • BERT language model - BERT is an open source machine learning framework for natural language processing (NLP).
  • Big data - Big data is a combination of structured, semistructured and unstructured data collected by organizations that can be mined for information and used in machine learning projects, predictive modeling and other advanced analytics applications.
  • big data analytics - Big data analytics is the often complex process of examining large and varied data sets, or big data, to uncover information -- such as hidden patterns, unknown correlations, market trends and customer preferences -- that can help organizations make informed business decisions.
  • bio-inspired computing - Bio-inspired computing is a research method aimed at solving problems using computer models based on the principles of biology and the natural world.
  • biomimetics (biomimicry) - Biomimetic refers to human-made processes, substances, devices, or systems that imitate nature.
  • bionics - Bionics is the replication of biological systems by mechanical and electronic systems.
  • black box AI - Black box AI is any artificial intelligence system whose inputs and workings are not accessible to the user or another interested party.
  • brain-computer interface (BCI) - Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of a cursor or a prosthetic limb.
  • Caffe2 - Caffe2 (Convolutional Architecture for Fast Feature Embedding) is an open source, high-performance framework for the development of machine learning models.
  • case-based reasoning (CBR) - Case-based reasoning (CBR) is an experience-based approach to solving new problems by adapting previously successful solutions to similar problems.
  • chatbot - A chatbot -- sometimes referred to as a chatterbot -- is programming that simulates the conversation or "chatter" of a human being through text or voice interactions.
  • cognitive architecture - Cognitive architecture is the theory about the structures of the human mind and how they work together to manage intelligent behavior in any complex environment.
  • cognitive bias - Cognitive bias is a limitation in objective thinking that is caused by the tendency for the human brain to perceive information through a filter of personal experience and preferences.
  • cognitive blindness - Cognitive blindness is the inability to understand something due to the lack of a precept of knowledge, understanding or belief in a necessary fundamental concept.
  • cognitive computing - Cognitive computing systems use computerized models to simulate the human cognition process to find solutions in complex situations where the answers may be ambiguous and uncertain.
  • cognitive load theory (CLT) - Cognitive load theory (CLT) is based on the premise that instructional materials should be presented at a pace and level of difficulty that corresponds to how humans process information.
  • cognitive modeling - Cognitive modeling is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human problem-solving and mental processing in a computerized model.
  • cognitive search - Cognitive search is a new generation of enterprise search that uses artificial intelligence technologies to improve users' search queries and extract relevant information from multiple, diverse data sets.
  • cognitive security - Cognitive security is the application of AI technologies patterned on human thought processes to detect threats and protect physical and digital systems.
  • combinatorial logic - Combinatorial logic is a concept in which two or more input states define one or more output states, where the resulting state or states are related by defined rules that are independent of previous states.
  • complex adaptive system (CAS) - Complex adaptive system is a term used by DevOps teams to describe an IT platform or project composed of multiple components that interact in ways that cannot be predicted or controlled with complete accuracy.
  • computational creativity (artificial creativity) - Computational creativity (artificial creativity), is the application of computer technologies to emulate, study, stimulate and enhance human creativity.
  • computational linguistics (CL) - Computational linguistics is the application of computer science to the analysis, synthesis, and comprehension of written and spoken language.
  • computer hallucination - Computer hallucinations are interpretation errors in artificial intelligence (AI) machine vision and machine learning technology.
  • concept mining - Concept mining is the process of searching documents or unstructured text for ideas and topics.
  • confusion matrix - A confusion matrix is a table that outlines different predictions and test results and contrasts them with real world values.
  • consensus algorithm - A consensus algorithm is a process in computer science used to achieve agreement on a single data value among distributed processes or systems.
  • ContinuousNEXT - ContinuousNEXT is a business strategy suggested by Gartner to position technology companies for success in constant change.
  • conversational user interface - A conversational user interface is the ability of artificial intelligence-supported chatbots to have verbal and written interactions with human users.
  • convolutional neural network - A convolutional neural network (CNN) is a type of artificial neural network used in image recognition and processing that is specifically designed to process pixel data.
  • curiosity gap - The curiosity gap is the detection that new and valuable information is available, sparking people’s desire to access it.
  • curious AI - Curious AI is the simulation of the human capacity for curiosity in artificial intelligence.
  • data classification - Data classification is the process of organizing data into categories that make it is easy to retrieve, sort and store for future use.
  • data labeling - Data labeling, in the context of machine learning, is the process of detecting and tagging data samples.
  • data mining - Data mining is the process of sorting through large data sets to identify patterns and establish relationships to solve problems through data analysis.
  • data sampling - Data sampling is a statistical analysis technique used to select, manipulate and analyze a representative subset of data points to identify patterns and trends in the larger data set being examined.
  • data science - Data science is the study of where information comes from, what it represents and how it can be turned into a valuable resource in the creation of business and IT strategies.
  • data science platform - A data science platform is software that includes a variety of technologies for machine learning and other advanced analytics uses, enabling data scientists to plan strategy, uncover actionable insights from data and communicate those insights throughout an enterprise within a single environment.
  • data scientist - A data scientist is a professional responsible for collecting, analyzing and interpreting extremely large amounts of data.
  • decision tree - A decision tree is a graph that uses a branching method to illustrate every possible outcome of a decision.
  • deconvolutional networks (deconvolutional neural networks) - Deconvolutional networks are convolutional neural networks (CNN) that work in a reversed process.

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