Browse Definitions :

Artificial intelligence - machine learning

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

ACT - DEE

  • active learning (active learner algorithm) - Active learning, in an AI context, is the capacity of a machine learning algorithm to query sources for more data during its processes.
  • advanced analytics - Advanced analytics is a broad category of inquiry that can be used to help drive changes and improvements in business practices.
  • adversarial machine learning - Adversarial machine learning is a technique used in machine learning to fool or misguide a model with malicious input.
  • agbot (agricultural robot) - An agbot, also called an agribot, is an autonomous robot used in farming to help improve efficiency and reduce reliance on manual labor.
  • AI accelerator - An AI accelerator is a microchip designed specifically to enable faster processing of artificial intelligence (AI) tasks.
  • AI democratization - AI democratization is the spread of artificial intelligence development to a wider user base that includes those without specialized knowledge of AI.
  • AI ethics (AI code of ethics) - AI ethics is a system of moral principles and techniques intended to inform the development and responsible use of artificial intelligence technology.
  • AI for Good - AI for Good is a public charity and UN platform that hosts annual summits in Geneva, Switzerland to discuss the beneficial use of artificial intelligence (AI).
  • AI governance - AI governance is the idea that there should be a legal framework for ensuring that machine learning (ML) technologies are well researched and developed with the goal of helping humanity navigate the adoption of AI systems fairly.
  • AI washing - AI washing is a marketing effort designed to associate brands and products with artificial intelligence, even though the connection may be tenuous or non-existent.
  • Alexa Blueprints - Alexa Blueprints is a set of templates that lets users create custom skills and capabilities for the Alexa personal assistant without the need for coding or technical expertise.
  • algorithm - An algorithm (pronounced AL-go-rith-um) is a procedure or formula for solving a problem, based on conducting a sequence of specified actions.
  • algorithmic accountability - Algorithmic accountability is the concept that companies should be held responsible for the results of their programmed algorithms.
  • algorithmic transparency - Algorithmic transparency is openness about the purpose, structure and underlying actions of the algorithms used to search for, process and deliver information.
  • AlphaGo - AlphaGo is an artificial intelligence agent that is specialized to play Go, a Chinese game of strategy, against human competitors.
  • Amazon AI - Amazon AI is a set of artificial intelligence services that offer machine and deep learning technologies for Amazon Web Services (AWS) developers and users.
  • Amazon Lex - Amazon Lex is an artificial intelligence (AI) web service.
  • Amazon Machine Learning - Amazon Machine Learning is an Amazon Web Services product that allows a developer to discover patterns in end-user data through algorithms, construct mathematical models based on these patterns and then create and implement predictive applications.
  • ambient intelligence (AmI) - Ambient intelligence is the element of a pervasive computing environment that enables it to interact with and respond appropriately to the humans in that environment.
  • android (humanoid robot) - Android (robot) definition: An android is a robot that is designed to look like a human, either in its basic form or so closely it could almost be mistaken for a person.
  • artificial general intelligence (AGI) - Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the representation of generalized human cognitive abilities in software so that, faced with an unfamiliar task, the AI system could find a solution.
  • artificial ignorance - Artificial ignorance is the artificial intelligence (AI) development practice of ignoring insignificant data in order to focus more attention to important information that might be valuable.
  • artificial intellect (artilect) - An artificial intellect (or "artilect"), according to Dr.
  • Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) - Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) is the third party offering of artificial intelligence (AI) outsourcing.
  • artificial intelligence in marketing - Artificial intelligence (AI) in marketing is the process of utilizing data models, mathematics and algorithms to generate insights that can be used by marketers.
  • artificial neuron - An artificial neuron is a connection point in an artificial neural network.
  • artificial personality (AP) - An artificial personality (AP) is a collection of characteristics, tendencies and behavioral quirks assigned to a chatbot, digital assistant, robot or video game character.
  • artificial superintelligence (ASI) - Artificial superintelligence (ASI) is software-based intellectual powers that surpass human ability across almost all conceivable categories and fields of endeavor.
  • artificially-intelligent attorney (AI attorney) - An artificially-intelligent attorney is a legal expert system that applies AI technologies to replicate and improve upon the abilities of a human legal research assistant.
  • Asilomar AI Principles - Asilomar AI Principles are 23 main beliefs for guiding the research and development of artificial intelligence (AI).
  • assistive technology (adaptive technology) - Assistive technology is a set of devices intended to help people who have disabilities.
  • association rules - Association rules are 'if-then' statements, that help to show the probability of relationships between data items, within large data sets in various types of databases.
  • audio content - Audio content is any type of published material or information that is consumed through listening.
  • augmented analytics - Augmented analytics is the use of machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP) to enhance data analytics, data sharing and business intelligence.
  • augmented intelligence - Augmented intelligence is an alternative conceptualization of artificial intelligence that focuses on AI's assistive role, emphasizing the fact that it is designed to supplement human intelligence rather than replace it.
  • augmented memory - Augmented memory is the practice of artificially increasing a person's ability to produce long term memories and retain information.
  • Automated Insights - Automated Insights is a company that makes artificial intelligence (AI) applications that can understand statistical, numeric and graphed data and present it in an articulate and understandable written format.
  • automated machine learning (AutoML) - Automated machine learning is the process of applying machine learning models to real-world problems using automation.
  • automated reasoning - Automated reasoning is the area of computer science that is concerned with applying reasoning in the form of logic to computing systems.
  • automated speech recognition (ASR) - Automated speech recognition (ASR) is a technology that allows users of information systems to speak entries rather than punching numbers on a keypad.
  • automated storytelling - Automated storytelling is a process involving the use of artificial intelligence (AI) to create written stories.
  • automotive IT - Automotive IT is any hardware or software designed to augment and support the experience of operating a motor vehicle.
  • autonomic computing - Autonomic computing is a self-managing computing model named after, and patterned on, the human body's autonomic nervous system.
  • autonomous business process (ABP) - Autonomous Business Process (ABP) utilizes intelligent software agents to discover existing business processes to optimize their efficiency and performance.
  • autonomous ship - An autonomous ship is a water craft piloted by artificial intelligence (AI).
  • Azure Bot Service - Azure Bot Service is Microsoft’s artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot offered as a service on the Azure cloud service marketplace.
  • backpropagation algorithm - Backpropagation (backward propagation) is an important mathematical tool for improving the accuracy of predictions in data mining and machine learning.
  • backward chaining - Backward chaining is the logical process of inferring unknown truths from known conclusions by moving backward from a solution to determine the initial conditions and rules.
  • bag of words model (BoW model) - The bag of words model (BoW model) is a reduced and simplified representation of a text document with selected parts of the text.
  • Bayesian logic - Named for Thomas Bayes, an English clergyman and mathematician, Bayesian logic is a branch of logic applied to decision making and inferential statistics that deals with probability inference: using the knowledge of prior events to predict future events.
  • Bayesian statistics - Bayesian statistics is a mathematical approach to calculating probability in which conclusions are subjective and updated as additional data is collected.
  • BeeMe (MIT Media Lab) - BeeMe is a web-based social experiment that will be hosted by the MIT Media Lab at 11pm on October 31, 2018.
  • bees algorithm - The bees algorithm is a method of problem solving that mimics the behavior of honeybees to find the optimum solution.
  • BERT language model - BERT is an open source machine learning framework for natural language processing (NLP).
  • big data - Big data is a combination of structured, semistructured and unstructured data collected by organizations that can be mined for information and used in machine learning projects, predictive modeling and other advanced analytics applications.
  • big data analytics - Big data analytics is the often complex process of examining big data to uncover information -- such as hidden patterns, correlations, market trends and customer preferences -- that can help organizations make informed business decisions.
  • bio-inspired computing - Bio-inspired computing is a research method aimed at solving problems using computer models based on the principles of biology and the natural world.
  • biomimetics (biomimicry) - Biomimetic refers to human-made processes, substances, devices, or systems that imitate nature.
  • bionics - Bionics is the replication of biological systems by mechanical and electronic systems.
  • black box AI - Black box AI is any artificial intelligence system whose inputs and workings are not accessible to the user or another interested party.
  • brain-computer interface (BCI) - Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of a cursor or a prosthetic limb.
  • Caffe2 - Caffe2 (Convolutional Architecture for Fast Feature Embedding) is an open source, high-performance framework for the development of machine learning models.
  • case-based reasoning (CBR) - Case-based reasoning (CBR) is an experience-based approach to solving new problems by adapting previously successful solutions to similar problems.
  • chatbot - A chatbot -- sometimes referred to as a chatterbot -- is programming that simulates the conversation or "chatter" of a human being through text or voice interactions.
  • cognitive architecture - Cognitive architecture is the theory about the structures of the human mind and how they work together to manage intelligent behavior in any complex environment.
  • cognitive automation - Cognitive automation describes diverse ways of combining artificial intelligence (AI) and process automation capabilities to improve business outcomes.
  • cognitive bias - Cognitive bias is a limitation in objective thinking that is caused by the tendency for the human brain to perceive information through a filter of personal experience and preferences.
  • cognitive blindness - Cognitive blindness is the inability to understand something due to the lack of a precept of knowledge, understanding or belief in a necessary fundamental concept.
  • cognitive computing - Cognitive computing systems use computerized models to simulate the human cognition process to find solutions in complex situations where the answers may be ambiguous and uncertain.
  • cognitive load theory (CLT) - Cognitive load theory (CLT) is based on the premise that instructional materials should be presented at a pace and level of difficulty that corresponds to how humans process information.
  • cognitive modeling - Cognitive modeling is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human problem-solving and mental processing in a computerized model.
  • cognitive search - Cognitive search is a new generation of enterprise search that uses artificial intelligence technologies to improve users' search queries and extract relevant information from multiple, diverse data sets.
  • cognitive security - Cognitive security is the application of AI technologies patterned on human thought processes to detect threats and protect physical and digital systems.
  • complex adaptive system (CAS) - Complex adaptive system is a term used by DevOps teams to describe an IT platform or project composed of multiple components that interact in ways that cannot be predicted or controlled with complete accuracy.
  • computational creativity (artificial creativity) - Computational creativity (artificial creativity), is the application of computer technologies to emulate, study, stimulate and enhance human creativity.
  • computational linguistics (CL) - Computational linguistics is the application of computer science to the analysis, synthesis, and comprehension of written and spoken language.
  • computer hallucination - Computer hallucinations are interpretation errors in artificial intelligence (AI) machine vision and machine learning technology.
  • concept mining - Concept mining is the process of searching documents or unstructured text for ideas and topics.
  • confusion matrix - A confusion matrix is a table that outlines different predictions and test results and contrasts them with real world values.
  • consensus algorithm - A consensus algorithm is a process in computer science used to achieve agreement on a single data value among distributed processes or systems.
  • ContinuousNEXT - ContinuousNEXT is a business strategy suggested by Gartner to position technology companies for success in constant change.
  • conversational user interface - A conversational user interface is the ability of artificial intelligence-supported chatbots to have verbal and written interactions with human users.
  • convolutional neural network - A convolutional neural network (CNN) is a type of artificial neural network used in image recognition and processing that is specifically designed to process pixel data.
  • correlation engine - A correlation engine is a software application that programmatically understands relationships.
  • curiosity artificial intelligence (curiosity AI) - Curiosity artificial intelligence (curiosity AI) is the simulation of human curiosity in artificial intelligence.
  • curiosity gap - The curiosity gap is the detection that new and valuable information is available, sparking people’s desire to access it.
  • data classification - Data classification is the process of organizing data into categories that make it is easy to retrieve, sort and store for future use.
  • data labeling - Data labeling, in the context of machine learning, is the process of detecting and tagging data samples.
  • data mining - Data mining is the process of sorting through large data sets to identify patterns and relationships that can help solve business problems through data analysis.
  • data sampling - Data sampling is a statistical analysis technique used to select, manipulate and analyze a representative subset of data points to identify patterns and trends in the larger data set being examined.
  • data science platform - A data science platform is software that allows data scientists to uncover actionable insights from data and communicate those insights throughout an enterprise within a single environment.
  • data scientist - A data scientist is a professional responsible for collecting, analyzing and interpreting extremely large amounts of data.
  • decision tree - A decision tree is a graph that uses a branching method to illustrate every possible output for a specific input.
  • deconvolutional networks (deconvolutional neural networks) - Deconvolutional networks are convolutional neural networks (CNN) that work in a reversed process.
  • deep analytics - Deep analytics is the application of sophisticated data processing techniques to yield information from large and typically multi-source data sets comprised of both unstructured and semi-structured data.
  • deep learning - Deep learning is a type of machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) that imitates the way humans gain certain types of knowledge.
  • deep learning agent - A deep learning agent is any autonomous or semi-autonomous AI-driven system that uses deep learning to perform and improve at its tasks.
  • DeepBrain Chain - DeepBrain Chain (DBC) is a blockchain-based computing platform for AI that was designed to lower user costs for processing power.
  • deepfake AI (deep fake) - Deep fake (also spelled deepfake) is a type of artificial intelligence used to create convincing images, audio and video hoaxes.
  • DeepMind - DeepMind is a division of Alphabet, Inc.
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